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Papaya Market in Latin America and the Caribbean – Guatemala Emerges as the Fastest Growing Exporter

papaya

Papaya Market in Latin America and the Caribbean – Guatemala Emerges as the Fastest Growing Exporter

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘Latin America and the Caribbean – Papayas – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the papaya market in Latin America and the Caribbean amounted to $4.1B in 2018, going up by 5.3% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

Overall, papaya consumption continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2013 when the market value increased by 10% y-o-y. The level of papaya consumption peaked at $4.3B in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, consumption failed to regain its momentum.

Consumption By Country

The countries with the highest volumes of papaya consumption in 2018 were the Dominican Republic (1M tonnes), Brazil (1M tonnes) and Mexico (885K tonnes), together comprising 74% of total consumption.

From 2009 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of papaya consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by the Dominican Republic, while papaya consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest papaya markets in Latin America and the Caribbean were Brazil ($1.2B), the Dominican Republic ($898M) and Mexico ($511M), together accounting for 64% of the total market. Cuba, Peru, Colombia and Venezuela lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 28%.

Production in Latin America and the Caribbean

The papaya production totaled 4.2M tonnes in 2018, growing by 7.2% against the previous year. In general, papaya production continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2018 with an increase of 7.2% year-to-year. The volume of papaya production peaked at 4.2M tonnes in 2016; afterwards, it flattened through to 2018. The general positive trend in terms of papaya output was largely conditioned by a relatively flat trend pattern of the harvested area and a relatively flat trend pattern in yield figures.

In 2018, approx. 97K ha of papayas were harvested in Latin America and the Caribbean; surging by 2.3% against the previous year. The average papaya yield totaled 43 tonne per ha in 2018, an increase of 4.8% y-oy.

Production By Country

The countries with the highest volumes of papaya production in 2018 were Brazil (1.1M tonnes), Mexico (1M tonnes) and the Dominican Republic (1M tonnes), with a combined 75% share of total production.

Exports in Latin America and the Caribbean

The exports amounted to 265K tonnes in 2018, shrinking by -2.9% against the previous year.  In value terms, papaya exports totaled $187M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. The total export value increased at an average annual rate of +3.3% over the period from 2009 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2014 when exports increased by 13% year-to-year. The level of exports peaked in 2018 and are likely to see steady growth in the immediate term.

Exports by Country

Mexico was the key exporter of papayas exported in Latin America and the Caribbean, with the volume of exports recording 155K tonnes, which was near 59% of total exports in 2018. It was distantly followed by Guatemala (59K tonnes) and Brazil (43K tonnes), together constituting a 38% share of total exports.

From 2009 to 2018, average annual rates of growth with regard to papaya exports from Mexico stood at +1.6%. At the same time, Guatemala (+53.8%) and Brazil (+5.0%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Guatemala emerged as the fastest-growing exporter in Latin America and the Caribbean, with a CAGR of +53.8% from 2009-2018.

Guatemala (+22 p.p.), Mexico (+7.6 p.p.) and Brazil (+5.7 p.p.) significantly strengthened its position in terms of the total exports, while the shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, Mexico ($90M), Brazil ($50M) and Guatemala ($37M) were the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2018, with a combined 95% share of total exports.

Guatemala experienced the highest rates of growth with regard to the value of exports, among the main exporting countries over the period under review, while exports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Export Prices by Country

The papaya export price in Latin America and the Caribbean stood at $706 per tonne in 2018, picking up by 14% against the previous year.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Brazil ($1,175 per tonne), while Mexico ($579 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2009 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Mexico, while the other leaders experienced a decline in the export price figures.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

rye

U.S. Rye Production Dropped for a Third Consecutive Year in 2018

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘U.S. – Rye – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The U.S. rye market rose by 16% to reach  $362M in 2018. Over the last decade, rye consumption continues to indicate a resilient expansion. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2013 with an increase of 29% against the previous year. Rye consumption peaked at $364M in 2015; however, from 2016 to 2018, consumption failed to regain its momentum.

Market Forecast

Driven by increasing demand for rye in the U.S., the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to decelerate, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +3.4% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 728K tonnes by the end of 2030.

U.S. Production

Rye production in the U.S. totaled 214K tonnes in 2018, going down by -17.8% against the previous year. Based on 2018 figures, rye production decreased by -26.7% against 2015 indices. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2015 when production volume increased by 60% against the previous year. In that year, rye production attained its peak volume of 292K tonnes. From 2016 to 2018, rye production growth failed to regain its momentum.

Harvested Area and Yield

In 2018, the rye harvested area in the U.S. stood at 110K ha, lowering by -9% against the previous year. The average yield of rye totaled 1.9 tonne per ha, shrinking by -9.6% against the previous year. From 2007 to 2018, the yield figure increased at an average annual rate of +1.9% over the period .

Exports from the U.S.

Rye exports from the U.S. amounted to 3.6K tonnes in 2018, lowering by -13% against the previous year.

In value terms, rye exports amounted to $3.6M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. Over the period under review, rye exports reached their peak figure at $6.6M in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2018, exports remained at a lower figure.

Exports by Country

South Korea (583 tonnes), Japan (392 tonnes) and Canada (135 tonnes) were the main destinations of rye exports from the U.S., with a combined 31% share of total exports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main countries of destination, was attained by Japan, while exports for the other leaders experienced a decline.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average rye export price amounted to $993 per tonne, growing by 16% against the previous year. Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was South Korea ($4,780 per tonne), while the average price for exports to the U.S. ($993 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was recorded for supplies to Canada, while the prices for the other major destinations experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports into the U.S.

In 2018, the amount of rye imported into the U.S. amounted to 279K tonnes, jumping by 53% against the previous year. In value terms, rye imports stood at $68M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

Canada (162K tonnes), Germany (85K tonnes) and Sweden (23K tonnes) were the main suppliers of rye imports to the U.S., together comprising 97% of total imports. These countries were followed by Denmark, which accounted for a further 2.7%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main suppliers, was attained by Denmark, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Canada ($43M) constituted the largest supplier of rye to the U.S., comprising 14% of total rye imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Germany ($18M), with a 5.8% share of total imports. It was followed by Sweden, with a 1.3% share.

From 2007 to 2018, the average annual growth rate of value from Canada amounted to +12.4%. The remaining supplying countries recorded the following average annual rates of imports growth: Germany (+3.2% per year) and Sweden (+14.2% per year).

Import Prices by Country

In 2018, the average rye import price amounted to $242 per tonne, shrinking by -2.5% against the previous year. There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major supplying countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Denmark ($317 per tonne), while the price for Sweden ($172 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Canada.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

tomatoes

Turkey Emerges as the Largest Producer of Tomatoes in the Middle East

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘Middle East – Tomatoes – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the tomato market in the Middle East amounted to $18.6B in 2018, declining by -8.5% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

The market value increased at an average annual rate of +1.6% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being observed throughout the analyzed period. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2017 with an increase of 25% against the previous year. In that year, the tomato market attained its peak level of $20.3B, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of tomato consumption in 2018 were Turkey (12M tonnes), Iran (6.5M tonnes) and Syrian Arab Republic (658K tonnes), together accounting for 86% of total consumption. Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Iraq lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 7.9%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of tomato consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Jordan, while tomato consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest tomato markets in the Middle East were Turkey ($10.5B), Iran ($5.3B) and Israel ($559M), with a combined 88% share of the total market. These countries were followed by Iraq, Jordan, Syrian Arab Republic and Saudi Arabia, which together accounted for a further 6.4%.

The countries with the highest levels of tomato per capita consumption in 2018 were Turkey (144 kg per person), Iran (79 kg per person) and Jordan (57 kg per person).

Market Forecast to 2030

Driven by increasing demand for tomatoes in the Middle East, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to retain its current trend pattern, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +1.6% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 27M tonnes by the end of 2030.

Production in the Middle East

The tomato production stood at 22.2M tonnes in 2018, remaining constant against the previous year. In general, tomato production continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2009 when production volume increased by 5.3% year-to-year.

In value terms, tomato production stood at $19.8B in 2018 estimated in export prices. The total output value increased at an average annual rate of +1.6% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded over the period under review. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2017 with an increase of 36% y-o-y. In that year, tomato production attained its peak level of $21.5B, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of tomato production in 2018 were Turkey (12M tonnes) and Iran (6.6M tonnes), with a combined 84% share of total production.

Harvested Area in the Middle East

In 2018, approx. 415K ha of tomatoes were harvested in the Middle East; standing approx. at the previous year. Over the period under review, the tomato harvested area continues to indicate a mild curtailment. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2008 with an increase of 4% y-o-y. In that year, the tomato harvested area reached its peak level of 493K ha. From 2009 to 2018, the growth of the tomato harvested area remained at a lower figure.

Yield in the Middle East

In 2018, the average yield of tomatoes in the Middle East stood at 53 tonne per ha, stabilizing at the previous year. The yield figure increased at an average annual rate of +2.1% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2009 with an increase of 7.2% year-to-year. The level of tomato yield peaked in 2018 and is likely to continue its growth in the near future.

Exports in the Middle East

In 2018, the exports of tomatoes in the Middle East stood at 782K tonnes, rising by 14% against the previous year. In value terms, tomato exports amounted to $618M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

Turkey (379K tonnes) and Jordan (258K tonnes) represented roughly 81% of total exports of tomatoes in 2018. It was distantly followed by Iran (84K tonnes), committing an 11% share of total exports. Syrian Arab Republic (32K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by Iran, while exports for the other leaders experienced mixed trends in the exports figures.

In value terms, Turkey ($339M) remains the largest tomato supplier in the Middle East, comprising 55% of total tomato exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Jordan ($168M), with a 27% share of total exports. It was followed by Iran, with a 12% share.

In Turkey, tomato exports increased at an average annual rate of +1.2% over the period from 2007-2018. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Jordan (-0.4% per year) and Iran (+33.5% per year).

Export Prices by Country

The tomato export price in the Middle East stood at $791 per tonne in 2018, leveling off at the previous year.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Iran ($913 per tonne), while Syrian Arab Republic ($463 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Jordan, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports in the Middle East

In 2018, the tomato imports in the Middle East totaled 602K tonnes, jumping by 6.9% against the previous year. In value terms, tomato imports amounted to $366M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

Saudi Arabia (155K tonnes) and the United Arab Emirates (143K tonnes) represented roughly 50% of total imports of tomatoes in 2018. Kuwait (68K tonnes) took the next position in the ranking, followed by Iraq (67K tonnes), Qatar (49K tonnes), Oman (32K tonnes), Israel (31K tonnes) and Bahrain (31K tonnes). All these countries together accounted for a 46% share of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Israel, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Saudi Arabia ($98M), the United Arab Emirates ($86M) and Kuwait ($49M) constituted the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2018, together accounting for 64% of total imports. Qatar, Iraq, Israel, Oman and Bahrain lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 32%.

In terms of the main importing countries, Oman recorded the highest rates of growth with regard to the value of imports, over the period under review, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Import Prices by Country

The tomato import price in the Middle East stood at $608 per tonne in 2018, reducing by -13.2% against the previous year.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Israel ($725 per tonne), while Iraq ($369 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by the United Arab Emirates.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

quinoa

Rising Demand in the U.S., Canada, and Europe Drives Global Quinoa Exports

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Quinoa – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The global quinoa market revenue amounted to $410M in 2018, rising by 5.1% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Overall, quinoa consumption continues to indicate strong growth.

Consumption By Country

The countries with the highest volumes of quinoa consumption in 2018 were Bolivia (40K tonnes), Peru (34K tonnes) and the U.S. (29K tonnes), with a combined 71% share of global consumption.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of quinoa consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by the U.S., while quinoa consumption for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest quinoa markets worldwide were Bolivia ($114M), Peru ($91M) and the U.S. ($84M), together accounting for 70% of the global market.

In 2018, the highest levels of quinoa per capita consumption was registered in Bolivia (3,578 kg per 1000 persons), followed by Peru (1,057 kg per 1000 persons), Canada (285 kg per 1000 persons) and Australia (109 kg per 1000 persons), while the world average per capita consumption of quinoa was estimated at 19 kg per 1000 persons.

Production 2007-2018

In 2018, the amount of quinoa produced worldwide totaled 167K tonnes, jumping by 9.3% against the previous year. In general, quinoa production continues to indicate a resilient increase. The general positive trend in terms of quinoa output was largely conditioned by prominent growth of the harvested area and a relatively flat trend pattern in yield figures.

Production By Country

The countries with the highest volumes of quinoa production in 2018 were Peru (86K tonnes), Bolivia (73K tonnes) and Ecuador (3K tonnes), with a combined 97% share of global production.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of quinoa production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Ecuador, while quinoa production for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Harvested Area 2007-2018

In 2018, approx. 188K ha of quinoa were harvested worldwide; growing by 8.6% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the quinoa harvested area continues to indicate a resilient increase.

Yield 2007-2018

Global average quinoa yield amounted to 888 kg per ha in 2018, approximately reflecting the previous year. In general, the quinoa yield continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern.

Exports 2007-2018

In 2018, approx. 105K tonnes of quinoa were exported worldwide; rising by 8.9% against the previous year. Overall, quinoa exports continue to indicate strong growth. Over the period under review, global quinoa exports attained their peak figure in 2018 and are expected to retain its growth in the immediate term. In value terms, quinoa exports totaled $273M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

Peru was the largest exporter of quinoa exported in the world, with the volume of exports recording 52K tonnes, which was approx. 49% of total exports in 2018. It was distantly followed by Bolivia (33K tonnes) and the Netherlands (6.7K tonnes), together generating a 38% share of total exports. The U.S. (4,434 tonnes), Ecuador (2,250 tonnes), Italy (1,869 tonnes) and France (1,848 tonnes) took a little share of total exports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by Italy, while exports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Peru ($126M), Bolivia ($81M) and the Netherlands ($23M) were the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2018, together comprising 84% of global exports. These countries were followed by the U.S., France, Italy and Ecuador, which together accounted for a further 12%.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average quinoa export price amounted to $2,611 per tonne, declining by -4.4% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the quinoa export price continues to indicate a measured contraction. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2013 an increase of 39% y-o-y.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was France ($3,748 per tonne), while Ecuador ($1,898 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by France, while the other global leaders experienced mixed trends in the export price figures.

Imports 2007-2018

Global imports totaled 83K tonnes in 2018, picking up by 10% against the previous year. Overall, quinoa imports continue to indicate a remarkable increase. In value terms, quinoa imports amounted to $211M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

The U.S. represented the major importer of quinoa imported in the world, with the volume of imports finishing at 34K tonnes, which was approx. 40% of total imports in 2018. Canada (10,559 tonnes) ranks second in terms of the total imports with a 13% share, followed by France (11%), the Netherlands (5.6%), Italy (5.4%) and the UK (4.9%). Australia (2,736 tonnes), Israel (1,963 tonnes), Brazil (1,799 tonnes), Chile (1,645 tonnes) and Austria (1,270 tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

Imports into the U.S. increased at an average annual rate of +16.2% from 2007 to 2018. At the same time, Italy (+23.6%), the Netherlands (+19.5%), Australia (+17.3%), the UK (+16.7%), Austria (+16.5%), France (+16.3%), Canada (+16.0%), Israel (+15.0%) and Brazil (+13.0%) displayed positive paces of growth.

In value terms, the U.S. ($87M) constitutes the largest market for imported quinoa worldwide, comprising 41% of global imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Canada ($29M), with a 14% share of global imports. It was followed by France, with a 10% share.

Import Prices by Country

In 2018, the average import price amounted to $2,533 per tonne, falling by -2.2% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the quinoa import price continues to indicate a noticeable descent.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Austria ($3,385 per tonne), while Italy ($1,656 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Austria, while the other global leaders experienced mixed trends in the import price figures.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

packaging

China’s Packaging Materials Market Is Slowing Down Due to Weak Demand

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘China – Packaging Materials – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the packaging materials market in China amounted to $69B in 2018, going down by -6.1% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Over the period under review, the total market indicated buoyant growth from 2008 to 2018: its value increased at an average annual rate of +2.5% over the last decade. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period.

Based on 2018 figures, packaging materials consumption increased by +17.4% against 2016 indices. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2017 when the market value increased by 25% year-to-year. In that year, the packaging materials market reached its peak level of $73.5B, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Production in China

Packaging materials production in China totaled 63M tonnes in 2018, waning by -8.3% against the previous year. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.9% over the period from 2008 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded over the period under review. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2009 with an increase of 9.3% against the previous year. Over the period under review, packaging materials production attained its maximum volume at 69M tonnes in 2017, and then declined slightly in the following year.

In value terms, packaging materials production stood at $73.1B in 2018 estimated in export prices. In general, the total output indicated a buoyant increase from 2008 to 2018: its value increased at an average annual rate of +2.9% over the last decade. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2018 figures, packaging materials production increased by +24.2% against 2016 indices. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2017 when production volume increased by 32% year-to-year. In that year, packaging materials production reached its peak level of $77.5B, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Exports from China

In 2018, the exports of packaging materials from China stood at 2.9M tonnes, going up by 4.7% against the previous year. Overall, packaging materials exports continue to indicate a buoyant expansion. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2014 with an increase of 33% year-to-year. Over the period under review, packaging materials exports attained their maximum at 2.9M tonnes in 2016; however, from 2017 to 2018, exports remained at a lower figure.

In value terms, packaging materials exports stood at $3.1B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. Overall, packaging materials exports continue to indicate a buoyant increase. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2014 with an increase of 36% y-o-y. Exports peaked in 2018 and are likely to continue its growth in the immediate term.

Exports by Country

Viet Nam (183K tonnes), Iran (136K tonnes) and Bangladesh (127K tonnes) were the main destinations of packaging materials exports from China, together accounting for 16% of total exports.

From 2008 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main countries of destination, was attained by Bangladesh, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Viet Nam ($223M), the U.S. ($158M) and Iran ($118M) appeared to be the largest markets for packaging materials exported from China worldwide, together accounting for 16% of total exports.

Among the main countries of destination, Viet Nam experienced the highest growth rate of exports, over the last decade, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average packaging materials export price amounted to $1,073 per tonne, surging by 4.2% against the previous year. Over the period from 2008 to 2018, it increased at an average annual rate of +1.9%. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2011 when the average export price increased by 11% against the previous year. The export price peaked at $1,145 per tonne in 2012; however, from 2013 to 2018, export prices remained at a lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices for the major foreign markets. In 2018, the country with the highest price was India ($1,471 per tonne), while the average price for exports to Bangladesh ($788 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2008 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was recorded for supplies to India, while the prices for the other major destinations experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports into China

Packaging materials imports into China totaled 2.3M tonnes in 2018, picking up by 3.4% against the previous year. Over the period under review, packaging materials imports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2017 when imports increased by 13% against the previous year. Over the period under review, packaging materials imports reached their peak figure in 2018 and are expected to retain its growth in the immediate term.

In value terms, packaging materials imports amounted to $2.2B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. The total import value increased at an average annual rate of +1.6% from 2008 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2011 when imports increased by 15% y-o-y. In that year, packaging materials imports attained their peak of $2.3B. From 2012 to 2018, the growth of packaging materials imports remained at a lower figure.

Imports by Country

The U.S. (422K tonnes), Sweden (309K tonnes) and Taiwan, Chinese (168K tonnes) were the main suppliers of packaging materials imports to China, together comprising 39% of total imports. These countries were followed by Indonesia, Russia, Australia, Japan, Brazil, Finland, Canada, South Korea and New Zealand, which together accounted for a further 37%.

From 2008 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main suppliers, was attained by Canada, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest packaging materials suppliers to China were the U.S. ($390M), Sweden ($293M) and Japan ($146M), together accounting for 37% of total imports. Taiwan, Chinese, Russia, Australia, Indonesia, Brazil, Finland, South Korea, Canada and New Zealand lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 33%.

In terms of the main suppliers, Canada experienced the highest rates of growth with regard to imports, over the last decade, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Import Prices by Country

The average packaging materials import price stood at $982 per tonne in 2018, remaining relatively unchanged against the previous year. Over the last decade, it increased at an average annual rate of +1.1%. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2010 an increase of 15% year-to-year. The import price peaked at $1,120 per tonne in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, import prices stood at a somewhat lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major supplying countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Japan ($1,286 per tonne), while the price for Indonesia ($630 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2008 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Australia, while the prices for the other major suppliers experieznced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

commerce

COMMERCE ISSUES PRELIMINARY DETERMINATIONS IN PROBES OF DRIED TART CHERRY IMPORTS FROM TURKEY

The U.S. Department of Commerce on Sept. 23 announced the affirmative preliminary determinations in the antidumping duty (AD) and countervailing duty (CVD) investigations of imports of dried tart cherries from Turkey, finding that exporters sold dried tart cherries at less than fair value at rates ranging from 541.29 to 648.35 percent and received countervailable subsidies at a rate of 204.93 percent.

Commerce will instruct U.S. Customs and Border Protection to collect cash deposits from importers of dried tart cherries from Turkey based on these preliminary rates.

Investigations were initiated based on petitions filed by the Dried Tart Cherry Trade Committee, whose members include Cherry Central Cooperative (Traverse City, Michigan), Graceland Fruit, Inc. (Frankfort, Michigan), Payson Fruit Growers Coop (Payson, Utah), Shoreline Fruit, LLC (Traverse City, Michigan) and Smeltzer Orchard Co. (Frankfort, Michigan). In 2018, imports of dried tart cherries from Turkey were valued at an estimated $1.2 million.

Commerce is scheduled to announce its final AD and CVD determinations on or about Dec. 5. If affirmative final determinations are made, the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) will be scheduled to make its final injury determinations on or about Jan. 21, 2020. Only if both Commerce and the ITC make affirmative final injury determinations will AD and CVD orders be issued. Any negative final determinations end the investigations with no orders issued.

avocado

Global Avocado Market 2019 – Mexican Exporters Enjoy New Growth Momentum, Thanks To Rising Demand In the U.S.

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Avocados – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The global avocado market revenue amounted to $13.5B in 2018, reducing by -9.3% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Overall, avocado consumption continues to indicate a remarkable expansion. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2017 with an increase of 29% y-o-y. In that year, the global avocado market attained its peak level of $14.9B, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Production 2007-2018

In 2018, the amount of avocados produced worldwide amounted to 6.4M tonnes, rising by 6% against the previous year. Overall, the total output indicated a strong expansion from 2007 to 2018: its volume increased at an average annual rate of +5.3% over the last eleven year period. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2018 figures, the avocado production increased by +85.2% against 2008 indices. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2009 with an increase of 13% y-o-y. Over the period under review, global avocado production attained its peak figure volume in 2018 and is expected to retain its growth in the immediate term. The general positive trend in terms of avocado output was largely conditioned by remarkable growth of the harvested area and a modest expansion in yield figures.

In value terms, avocado production stood at $12.9B in 2018 estimated in export prices. Over the period under review, avocado production continues to indicate a remarkable increase. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2017 when the output figure increased by 40% against the previous year. In that year, global avocado production attained its peak level of $15.6B, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Exports 2007-2018

In 2018, approx. 2.4M tonnes of avocados were exported worldwide; growing by 23% against the previous year. In general, avocado exports continue to indicate resilient growth. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2018 when exports increased by 23% y-o-y. In that year, global avocado exports attained their peak and are likely to continue its growth in the immediate term.

In value terms, avocado exports totaled $5.6B in 2018. Overall, avocado exports continue to indicate a buoyant increase. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2016 with an increase of 36% against the previous year. Global exports peaked at $5.8B in 2017, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Exports by Country

Mexico represented the major exporting country with an export of around 1.1M tonnes, which reached 45% of total exports. It was distantly followed by Peru (361K tonnes), the Netherlands (246K tonnes) and Chile (133K tonnes), together comprising a 31% share of total exports. The following exporters – Spain (106K tonnes), South Africa (85K tonnes), Kenya (72K tonnes) and the U.S. (68K tonnes) – together made up 14% of total exports.

From 2007 to 2018, average annual rates of growth with regard to avocado exports from Mexico stood at +12.5%. At the same time, Peru (+20.8%), the U.S. (+19.6%), the Netherlands (+18.2%), Kenya (+14.3%), Spain (+7.3%) and South Africa (+6.3%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Peru emerged as the fastest growing exporter in the world, with a CAGR of +20.8% from 2007-2018. By contrast, Chile (-1.1%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. Mexico (+33 p.p.), Peru (+13 p.p.), the Netherlands (+8.6 p.p.), the U.S. (+2.4 p.p.), Spain (+2.4 p.p.), Kenya (+2.3 p.p.) and South Africa (+1.7 p.p.) significantly strengthened its position in terms of the global exports, while the shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, Mexico ($2.4B) remains the largest avocado supplier worldwide, comprising 43% of global exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by the Netherlands ($734M), with a 13% share of global exports. It was followed by Peru, with a 13% share.

In Mexico, avocado exports increased at an average annual rate of +13.4% over the period from 2007-2018. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: the Netherlands (+21.6% per year) and Peru (+23.1% per year).

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average avocado export price amounted to $2,308 per tonne, lowering by -22% against the previous year. Over the period from 2007 to 2018, it increased at an average annual rate of +2.5%. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2017 when the average export price increased by 25% y-o-y. In that year, the average export prices for avocados attained their peak level of $2,960 per tonne, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Export prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest export price was Spain ($3,160 per tonne), while Kenya ($1,646 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of export prices was attained by Chile, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports 2007-2018

In 2018, the amount of avocados imported worldwide stood at 2.4M tonnes, growing by 12% against the previous year. Overall, avocado imports continue to indicate a resilient expansion. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010 when imports increased by 25% against the previous year. Over the period under review, global avocado imports attained their maximum in 2018 and are expected to retain its growth in the immediate term.

In value terms, avocado imports amounted to $5.9B in 2018. Overall, avocado imports continue to indicate a buoyant expansion. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2011 with an increase of 32% year-to-year. Global imports peaked at $6.3B in 2017, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Imports by Country

The U.S. was the key importing country with an import of around 1M tonnes, which accounted for 43% of total imports. The Netherlands (258K tonnes) held the second position in the ranking, followed by France (144K tonnes), the UK (118K tonnes) and Spain (115K tonnes). All these countries together took near 26% share of total imports. Canada (93K tonnes), Germany (93K tonnes), Japan (74K tonnes) and China (54K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

Imports into the U.S. increased at an average annual rate of +10.4% from 2007 to 2018. At the same time, China (+136.2%), the Netherlands (+16.0%), Spain (+15.1%), Germany (+14.6%), Canada (+13.5%), Japan (+9.8%), the UK (+9.1%) and France (+2.3%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, China emerged as the fastest growing importer in the world, with a CAGR of +136.2% from 2007-2018. The U.S. (+29 p.p.), the Netherlands (+8.6 p.p.), Spain (+3.8 p.p.), the UK (+3 p.p.), Germany (+3 p.p.), Canada (+2.9 p.p.), China (+2.2 p.p.) and Japan (+2 p.p.) significantly strengthened its position in terms of the global imports, while the shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, the U.S. ($2.4B) constitutes the largest market for imported avocados worldwide, comprising 42% of global imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by the Netherlands ($539M), with a 9.2% share of global imports. It was followed by France, with a 7% share.

In the U.S., avocado imports expanded at an average annual rate of +13.4% over the period from 2007-2018. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: the Netherlands (+17.1% per year) and France (+6.5% per year).

Import Prices by Country

The average avocado import price stood at $2,439 per tonne in 2018, dropping by -16.8% against the previous year. Over the last eleven year period, it increased at an average annual rate of +2.7%. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2011 an increase of 23% year-to-year. Global import price peaked at $2,931 per tonne in 2017, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Import prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest import price was Germany ($3,414 per tonne), while Spain ($1,920 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of import prices was attained by Germany, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

Vinegar Market in the EU – Germany Emerges As The Largest Importer, Italy Lags Behind Slightly

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Vinegar – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends And Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the vinegar market in the European Union amounted to $1B in 2018, surging by 5.8% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). In general, vinegar consumption continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2011, with an increase of 12% year-to-year. In that year, the vinegar market attained its peak level of $1.1B. From 2012 to 2018, the growth of the vinegar market remained at a somewhat lower figure.

Production in the EU

In 2018, production of vinegar in the European Union stood at 1.2B litres, growing by 4.4% against the previous year. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.6% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with only minor fluctuations being observed in certain years.

Exports in the EU

In 2018, vinegar exports in the European Union amounted to 409M litres, jumping by 3.7% against the previous year. The total exports indicated a pronounced increase from 2007 to 2018: its volume increased at an average annual rate of +3.4% over the last eleven year period. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2018 figures, the vinegar exports increased by +31.7% against 2015 indices. In value terms, vinegar exports totaled $520M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

In 2018, Italy (124M litres) was the key exporter for vinegar, achieving 30% of total exports. Germany (63M litres) took the second position in the ranking, followed by the Czech Republic (38M litres), Greece (36M litres), Spain (30M litres), the Netherlands (28M litres) and France (26M litres). All these countries together held approx. 54% share of total exports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by the Czech Republic, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Italy ($303M) remains the largest vinegar supplier in the European Union, comprising 58% of total vinegar exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Spain ($45M), with a 8.7% share of total exports. It was followed by Germany, with a 7.1% share.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the vinegar export price in the European Union amounted to $1,273 per thousand litres, going up by 6.5% against the previous year. In general, the vinegar export price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. There were significant differences in the average export prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest export price was Italy ($2,432 per thousand litres), while the Czech Republic ($325 per thousand litres) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of export prices was attained by Spain, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports in the EU

The imports stood at 306M litres in 2018, growing by 4% against the previous year. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +4.0% from 2007 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded over the period under review. In value terms, vinegar imports totaled $349M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

Germany (60M litres) and Italy (58M litres) represented roughly 39% of total imports of vinegar in 2018. The UK (32M litres) held a 10% share (based on tonnes) of total imports, which put it in second place, followed by France (8.6%), the Netherlands (6.5%) and Hungary (4.5%). The Czech Republic (12M litres), Austria (12M litres), Poland (10M litres), Sweden (9.1M litres), Spain (8.9M litres) and Belgium (7.9M litres) held a minor share of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Hungary, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Germany ($86M), the UK ($53M) and France ($52M) were the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2018, with a combined 55% share of total imports. Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Austria, Belgium, Sweden, the Czech Republic, Poland and Hungary lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 35%.

Import Prices by Country

In 2018, the vinegar import price in the European Union amounted to $1,142 per thousand litres, jumping by 13% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the vinegar import price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2018, an increase of 13% y-o-y. Over the period under review, the import prices for vinegar attained their peak figure at $1,186 per thousand litres in 2009; however, from 2010 to 2018, import prices stood at a somewhat lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average import prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2018, the country with the highest import price was France ($1,956 per thousand litres), while Hungary ($331 per thousand litres) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of import prices was attained by the Netherlands, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform