IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Maize – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.
In 2022, corn prices are projected to drop by approximately 10% y/y due to an expected all-time record high global production, which is to reach 1.2B tonnes. This forecast is subject to a number of risks, such as volatile fertilizer and energy prices, high freight rates, biofuel policies and weather conditions.
Corn prices are forecast to ease in 2022 due to a sharp increase in global production. The world’s corn output is to soar by 7% y/y to a record 1.2B tonnes with higher crops in the U.S. and South America. Production in Brazil is expected to rise by 31% y/y to 114M tonnes, fully recovering from the last year’s 15%-drop caused by a drought. Argentine farmers are to harvest 54M tonnes of corn, 5% more than a year earlier. U.S. production will grow by 7% y/y to 384M tonnes.
Crop increases are also forecast in China, the E.U., Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, South Africa. Significant output growth is projected in Russia and Ukraine, where corn production is to rise by 8% y/y to 15M tonnes and by 39% y/y to 42M tonnes, respectively.
According to World Bank data, the average annual price for U.S. corn (no. 2, yellow, FOB, U.S. Gulf ports) grew by 57% y-o-y to $260 per tonne in 2021. This year, the price is projected to drop by approx. 10% y/y with sufficient supply, but rising fertilizer and energy prices, logistic tensions, changing biofuel policies and weather conditions still pose risks on price stability.
World’s Largest Corn Importers
In 2020, approx. 146M tonnes of maize were imported worldwide, remaining relatively unchanged against the previous year. In value terms, maize imports stood at $35.9B (IndexBox estimates).
Japan (16M tonnes), Viet Nam (12M tonnes), South Korea (12M tonnes), China (11M tonnes), Egypt (8.5M tonnes), Spain (8.1M tonnes), Colombia (6.2M tonnes), Italy (6.1M tonnes), the Netherlands (5.9M tonnes), Taiwan (Chinese) (4.4M tonnes), Malaysia (3.8M tonnes) and Germany (3.8M tonnes) represented the major importer of maize in the world, generating 67% of total volume. Peru (3.8M tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.
The most notable growth rate of purchases, amongst the leading importing countries, was attained by China. Its volume of imports grew twofold in 2020.
In value terms, Japan ($3.3B), China ($2.5B) and Viet Nam ($2.4B) appeared to be the countries with the highest levels of purchases in 2020, together comprising 23% of global imports.
In 2020, the average maize import price amounted to $246 per tonne, stabilizing at the previous year. Average prices varied somewhat amongst the major importing countries. In 2020, major importing countries recorded the following prices: in Germany ($265 per tonne) and the Netherlands ($224 per tonne), while Colombia ($198 per tonne) and Viet Nam ($198 per tonne) were amongst the lowest. The most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Germany, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth in 2020.
Source: IndexBox Platform