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Global Toilet Paper Market – U.S. ($375M), Germany ($320M), and the Netherlands ($164M) Are the Biggest Importers

toilet paper

Global Toilet Paper Market – U.S. ($375M), Germany ($320M), and the Netherlands ($164M) Are the Biggest Importers

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Toilet Paper – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends And Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The global toilet paper market revenue amounted to $60.4B in 2018, going up by 6.6% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

The market value increased at an average annual rate of +2.9% over the period from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with only minor fluctuations being observed throughout the analyzed period. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2008 with an increase of 12% year-to-year. The global toilet paper consumption peaked in 2018 and is expected to retain its growth in the immediate term.

Exports 2007-2018

In 2018, approx. 2.1M tonnes of toilet paper were exported worldwide; going up by 4.9% against the previous year. Over the period under review, toilet paper exports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010 when exports increased by 5.3% against the previous year. Over the period under review, global toilet paper exports reached their peak figure in 2018 and are expected to retain its growth in the near future.

In value terms, toilet paper exports totaled $3.7B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

China (229K tonnes) and Germany (222K tonnes) represented the main exporters of toilet paper in 2018, finishing at approx. 11% and 11% of total exports, respectively. It was followed by Italy (127K tonnes), France (113K tonnes), Poland (109K tonnes) and Sweden (104K tonnes), together comprising a 21% share of total exports. Canada (84K tonnes), El Salvador (80K tonnes), Mexico (73K tonnes), Slovakia (73K tonnes), the U.S. (71K tonnes) and Austria (70K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by Mexico, while exports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average toilet paper export price amounted to $1,735 per tonne, increasing by 5.9% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the toilet paper export price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2008 when the average export price increased by 15% y-o-y. Over the period under review, the average export prices for toilet paper attained their maximum at $1,903 per tonne in 2011; however, from 2012 to 2018, export prices stood at a somewhat lower figure.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was the U.S. ($2,648 per tonne), while Slovakia ($1,346 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by the U.S., while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports 2007-2018

In 2018, the global toilet paper imports amounted to 2.1M tonnes, growing by 5.1% against the previous year. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.4% over the period from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being observed throughout the analyzed period. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010 when imports increased by 7.9% year-to-year. Over the period under review, global toilet paper imports attained their peak figure in 2018 and are likely to continue its growth in the immediate term.

In value terms, toilet paper imports amounted to $3.6B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

The U.S. (208K tonnes) and Germany (199K tonnes) represented roughly 20% of total imports of toilet paper in 2018. It was followed by the Netherlands (100K tonnes), achieving a 4.9% share of total imports. The following importers – France (87K tonnes), China, Hong Kong SAR (83K tonnes), Denmark (72K tonnes), Saudi Arabia (66K tonnes), Canada (66K tonnes), Belgium (64K tonnes), the Czech Republic (60K tonnes), Norway (52K tonnes) and Austria (48K tonnes) – together made up 29% of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Saudi Arabia, while imports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the U.S. ($375M), Germany ($320M) and the Netherlands ($164M) were the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2018, with a combined 24% share of global imports.

Import Prices by Country

In 2018, the average toilet paper import price amounted to $1,747 per tonne, jumping by 3.1% against the previous year. Overall, the toilet paper import price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2008 when the average import price increased by 9.5% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the average import prices for toilet paper attained their maximum at $1,937 per tonne in 2011; however, from 2012 to 2018, import prices remained at a lower figure.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Norway ($2,473 per tonne), while Saudi Arabia ($1,460 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by China, Hong Kong SAR, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

strawberry

EU Strawberry Market Reached $3.8B and Is Set To Continue Moderate Growth

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Strawberries – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the strawberry market in the European Union amounted to $3.8B in 2018, rising by 1.9% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). The market value increased at an average annual rate of +2.1% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations over the period under review. Strawberry consumption peaked in 2018 and is expected to retain its growth in the near future.

Consumption By Country

The countries with the highest volumes of strawberry consumption in 2018 were Germany (233K tonnes), Poland (203K tonnes) and the UK (183K tonnes), together comprising 51% of total consumption. Italy, France, Spain, Belgium, Romania, Greece, Portugal, Austria and Sweden lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 39%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of strawberry consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Greece, while strawberry consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Germany ($819M), the UK ($792M) and Italy ($360M) were the countries with the highest levels of market value in 2018, together comprising 52% of the total market. Poland, France, Spain, Romania, Belgium, Sweden, Austria, Portugal and Greece lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 36%.

The countries with the highest levels of strawberry per capita consumption in 2018 were Poland (5,315 kg per 1000 persons), Belgium (2,900 kg per 1000 persons) and Germany (2,844 kg per 1000 persons).

Market Forecast to 2030

Driven by increasing demand for strawberry in the European Union, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to retain its current trend pattern, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +1.1% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 1.4M tonnes by the end of 2030.

Production in the EU

In 2018, approx. 1.3M tonnes of strawberries were produced in the European Union; standing approx. at the previous year. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.6% over the period from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations in certain years. In 2015, strawberry production reached its peak volume of 1.4M tonnes but from 2016 to 2018 it failed to regain its momentum. The general positive trend in terms of strawberry output was largely conditioned by a mild expansion of the harvested area and measured growth in yield figures.

Production By Country

The countries with the highest volumes of strawberry production in 2018 were Spain (345K tonnes), Poland (196K tonnes) and Germany (142K tonnes), together accounting for 54% of total production. The UK, Italy, the Netherlands and Greece lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 29%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of strawberry production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Greece, while strawberry production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Harvested Area

In 2018, approx. 103K ha of strawberries were harvested in the European Union; reducing by -1.7% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the strawberry harvested area continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2013 with an increase of 9.6% against the previous year. In that year, the strawberry harvested area attained its peak level of 111K ha. From 2014 to 2018, the growth of the strawberry harvested area failed to regain its momentum.

Yield

The average strawberry yield stood at 12 tonne per ha in 2018, flattening at the previous year. The yield figure increased at an average annual rate of +2.1% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with only minor fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period.

Exports in the EU

In 2018, the amount of strawberries exported in the European Union totaled 476K tonnes, coming down by -3.8% against the previous year. The total export volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.3% from 2007 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded over the period under review. Over the period under review, strawberry exports reached their maximum at 515K tonnes in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, exports remained at a lower figure. In value terms, strawberry exports totaled $1.3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

Spain represented the main exporter of strawberries exported in the European Union, with the volume of exports amounting to 279K tonnes, which was approx. 59% of total exports in 2018. The Netherlands (70K tonnes) ranks second in terms of the total exports with a 15% share, followed by Belgium (9.5%) and Greece (6.2%). Italy (14K tonnes), Germany (12K tonnes) and France (11K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

Exports from Spain increased at an average annual rate of +2.7% from 2007 to 2018. At the same time, Greece (+19.9%), the Netherlands (+6.2%) and Belgium (+1.3%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Greece emerged as the fastest-growing exporter exported in the European Union, with a CAGR of +19.9% from 2007-2018. Germany experienced a relatively flat trend pattern with regard to strawberry exports. By contrast, Italy (-2.2%) and France (-7.2%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. From 2007 to 2018, the share of Spain, the Netherlands and Greece increased by +15%, +7.1% and +5.3% percentage points, while France (-2.8 p.p.) saw their share reduced. The shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, Spain ($694M) remains the largest strawberry supplier in the European Union, comprising 52% of total strawberry exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by the Netherlands ($261M), with a 19% share of total exports. It was followed by Belgium, with a 13% share.

Export Prices by Country

The strawberry export price in the European Union stood at $2,810 per tonne in 2018, picking up by 2.9% against the previous year. In general, the strawberry export price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. Over the period under review, the export prices for strawberries attained their peak figure at $3,298 per tonne in 2011; however, from 2012 to 2018, export prices remained at a lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Belgium ($4,000 per tonne), while Greece ($1,385 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by France, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports in the EU

In 2018, the amount of strawberries imported in the European Union stood at 428K tonnes, falling by -8.1% against the previous year. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2012 when imports increased by 13% against the previous year. In that year, strawberry imports attained their peak of 471K tonnes. From 2013 to 2018, the volume of strawberry imports remained at a lower figure. In value terms, strawberry imports amounted to $1.3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

In 2018, Germany (103K tonnes), distantly followed by the UK (52K tonnes), France (47K tonnes), Italy (36K tonnes), Belgium (35K tonnes), the Netherlands (27K tonnes) and Portugal (20K tonnes) were the largest importers of strawberries, together mixing up 75% of total imports. The following importers – Spain (15K tonnes), Austria (14K tonnes), Poland (13K tonnes), the Czech Republic (13K tonnes) and Sweden (7.6K tonnes) – together made up 15% of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Poland, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest strawberry importing markets in the European Union were Germany ($281M), the UK ($204M) and France ($173M), together accounting for 49% of total imports. These countries were followed by Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy, Austria, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Sweden and the Czech Republic, which together accounted for a further 41%.

Import Prices by Country

In 2018, the strawberry import price in the European Union amounted to $3,141 per tonne, picking up by 12% against the previous year. Over the last decade, it increased at an average annual rate of +2.1%.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Sweden ($4,036 per tonne), while Portugal ($2,113 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Austria, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

ireland

NORTHERN IRELAND ISN’T WAITING ON POST-BREXIT TRADE DEAL TO COURT U.S. INVESTORS

A Trade Agreement for the “Whole of the U.K.”

On March 2, 2020 the United Kingdom (U.K.) released its public negotiating objectives for a free trade agreement with the United States, its largest bilateral trading partner. In pursuing increased trade in goods and services and greater cross-border investment, the U.K government seeks an “agreement that works for the whole of the U.K.,” including “all four constituent nations,” and that takes account of the Northern Ireland Protocol that aims to avoid the introduction of a hard border on the island of Ireland. The United States released its objectives for talks with the U.K. in February of 2019.

Trade agreements are a valuable tool governments use to generate broad economic benefits, but negotiations can take time and outcomes are uncertain. Many governments simultaneously deploy export and investment promotion agencies to promote access to new markets for its companies or attract investments that will create jobs at home.

Usually affiliated with government, these agencies may promote the image and offerings of the home market, provide export training, offer support in identifying partners or specific business opportunities, organize trade fairs or trade missions, and conduct research and market analysis. They may be based domestically and maintain offices abroad.

The U.K. has enjoyed longstanding success in attracting inbound investment, but with uncertainties surrounding the implementation and impact of Brexit, U.K. trade and investment promotion agencies have a key role to play in promoting a thriving post-Brexit economic future. Although the U.K.’s Department for International Trade is on the front lines in providing trade and investment services, another agency — Invest Northern Ireland (Invest NI) — is specifically focused on making sure benefits accrue to Northern Ireland.

Banking on Belfast

Formed in Belfast in 2002 through a consolidation of the departments of trade, investment, and research and development, Invest NI helps new and existing Northern Irish businesses to compete internationally and works to attract new investment to Northern Ireland. The organization has over 600 professionals in its network, with business advisors across Northern Ireland, and throughout Europe, the Americas, Asia and the Middle East. With U.S.-U.K. commercial relations in the headlines, we spoke with Peta Conn, the Boston-based Executive Vice President and Head of Americas for Invest NI about the narrative she shares.

“Northern Ireland’s strength is its talent – a growing youth population, excellent universities and people who want to stay. We offer a strong ecosystem that brings together government, academia and business. There is a real focus on ensuring we can cater to future demand for skills. I’d add that Northern Ireland offers a great lifestyle and one that is affordable. Many come for the business and stay for the life.”

Look at Belfast

Key industries in Northern Ireland include financial services, legal services and cyber security. According to FT fDi Markets, Belfast has been ranked as the world’s number one destination for financial technology development projects, the top city in Europe for new software development projects, and the number one international location for U.S. cyber security development projects.

Conn highlighted the importance of testimonials, including the vote of confidence from Boston-based security analytics software and services firm Rapid7, which announced in October 2014 it would set up a software innovation center in Boston’s sister city of Belfast, creating high-paying jobs. Speaking of the investment at that time, Rapid7 CEO Corey Thomas pointed to the work that Northern Ireland’s universities were doing in IT security and the availability of high-quality technical staff.

The Hunt for Talent

Despite the uncertainties of Brexit, Conn noted that the last few years have seen some of the strongest foreign direct investment flows out of the United States into Northern Ireland. “It’s really about the need for talent and an immediate need for developers.”

That talent flows from Northern Ireland’s two major universities – Queens University Belfast and Ulster University. Both are leaders in innovative research, and Queens is home to the Centre for Secure Information Technologies, the U.K.’s national innovation and knowledge center for cyber security.

“If you want development operations or software, you can do this at Belfast salaries that are 20 percent lower than Dublin and 30 percent lower than London, and also have lower workforce attrition.”

NI's human talent

The Tools

Conn leads the Americas team, which includes a dozen people in Boston and 28 people in total across the region, in New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Miami, Toronto, Santiago, and, as of very recently, Los Angeles. In addition to promoting foreign direct investment, the team also helps Northern Ireland companies export to the United States.

Their performance indicators are based on employment and economic growth. Sales teams work to identify prospective investors and explain how Northern Ireland could fit within their growth strategies. Business development teams then offer customized solutions of how the market can specifically support business plans.

Once a company has committed to set up in Northern Ireland, one of the programs on offer is a pre-employment program called Assured Skills, which is unique to the region. Companies can co-design an academy-style course with a local training institution and then recruit a cohort of potential employees to take the course. At its conclusion, all participants are offered a job interview, thus de-risking the recruitment process and leading to a conversion rate of about 90 percent.

Crushing It

As U.S.-U.K. trade talks get underway, politics in both countries and the U.K.’s parallel negotiations with the EU, make the timing of any deal uncertain. The issue of Northern Ireland, which under the U.K.’s Withdrawal Agreement with the European Union (EU), remains part of the UK customs territory but subject to EU regulations, will be a focus of attention among U.S. lawmakers insistent on avoiding a hard border in Ireland and protecting the 1998 peace agreement that helped bring an end to conflict in the region.

A U.K. trade deal with the United States may bring modest benefits for Northern Ireland as government analysis suggests, but the Rt. Hon. Brandon Lewis, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, has emphasized: “The United Kingdom is going to be one area and all will be able to benefit from our future global trade deals.”

While the talks proceed, Invest NI will continue to offer a compelling narrative of innovation, entrepreneurship, and opportunities to invest in Northern Ireland. Their stories will include everything from sophisticated software development to Northern Ireland’s dominance in producing 40 percent of the world’s mobile crushing machines and manufacturing a third of the world’s airline seats.

Like free trade agreement talks, investment promotion involves understanding long-term strategy direction and the areas of an economy’s competitive advantage. Invest NI will remain an important complement to U.K. government trade negotiation efforts, serving as the messenger of an economy that is open for business.

____________________________________________________________

Leslie Griffin is Principal of Boston-based Allinea LLC. She was previously Senior Vice President for International Public Policy for UPS and is a past president of the Association of Women in International Trade in Washington, D.C.

This article originally appeared on TradeVistas.org. Republished with permission.

rye

U.S. Rye Production Dropped for a Third Consecutive Year in 2018

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘U.S. – Rye – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The U.S. rye market rose by 16% to reach  $362M in 2018. Over the last decade, rye consumption continues to indicate a resilient expansion. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2013 with an increase of 29% against the previous year. Rye consumption peaked at $364M in 2015; however, from 2016 to 2018, consumption failed to regain its momentum.

Market Forecast

Driven by increasing demand for rye in the U.S., the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to decelerate, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +3.4% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 728K tonnes by the end of 2030.

U.S. Production

Rye production in the U.S. totaled 214K tonnes in 2018, going down by -17.8% against the previous year. Based on 2018 figures, rye production decreased by -26.7% against 2015 indices. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2015 when production volume increased by 60% against the previous year. In that year, rye production attained its peak volume of 292K tonnes. From 2016 to 2018, rye production growth failed to regain its momentum.

Harvested Area and Yield

In 2018, the rye harvested area in the U.S. stood at 110K ha, lowering by -9% against the previous year. The average yield of rye totaled 1.9 tonne per ha, shrinking by -9.6% against the previous year. From 2007 to 2018, the yield figure increased at an average annual rate of +1.9% over the period .

Exports from the U.S.

Rye exports from the U.S. amounted to 3.6K tonnes in 2018, lowering by -13% against the previous year.

In value terms, rye exports amounted to $3.6M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. Over the period under review, rye exports reached their peak figure at $6.6M in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2018, exports remained at a lower figure.

Exports by Country

South Korea (583 tonnes), Japan (392 tonnes) and Canada (135 tonnes) were the main destinations of rye exports from the U.S., with a combined 31% share of total exports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main countries of destination, was attained by Japan, while exports for the other leaders experienced a decline.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average rye export price amounted to $993 per tonne, growing by 16% against the previous year. Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was South Korea ($4,780 per tonne), while the average price for exports to the U.S. ($993 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was recorded for supplies to Canada, while the prices for the other major destinations experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports into the U.S.

In 2018, the amount of rye imported into the U.S. amounted to 279K tonnes, jumping by 53% against the previous year. In value terms, rye imports stood at $68M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

Canada (162K tonnes), Germany (85K tonnes) and Sweden (23K tonnes) were the main suppliers of rye imports to the U.S., together comprising 97% of total imports. These countries were followed by Denmark, which accounted for a further 2.7%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main suppliers, was attained by Denmark, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Canada ($43M) constituted the largest supplier of rye to the U.S., comprising 14% of total rye imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Germany ($18M), with a 5.8% share of total imports. It was followed by Sweden, with a 1.3% share.

From 2007 to 2018, the average annual growth rate of value from Canada amounted to +12.4%. The remaining supplying countries recorded the following average annual rates of imports growth: Germany (+3.2% per year) and Sweden (+14.2% per year).

Import Prices by Country

In 2018, the average rye import price amounted to $242 per tonne, shrinking by -2.5% against the previous year. There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major supplying countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Denmark ($317 per tonne), while the price for Sweden ($172 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Canada.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

scaffolding

EU Scaffolding Market Rose 4.5% to Reach $2.4B in 2018

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Equipment For Scaffolding, Shuttering, Propping Or Pit Propping – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the scaffolding market in the European Union amounted to $2.4B in 2018, surging by 4.5% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of scaffolding consumption in 2018 were Poland (489K tonnes), Italy (317K tonnes) and Germany (161K tonnes), with a combined 52% share of total consumption. These countries were followed by France, Spain, Belgium, the UK, Bulgaria, Austria, Portugal, Sweden and the Czech Republic, which together accounted for a further 37%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of scaffolding consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Belgium, while scaffolding consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest scaffolding markets in the European Union were Poland ($401M), Germany ($333M) and Italy ($300M), together accounting for 42% of the total market. France, the UK, Austria, Sweden, Spain, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria and Portugal lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 40%.

The countries with the highest levels of scaffolding per capita consumption in 2018 were Poland (12,800 kg per 1000 persons), Belgium (10,778 kg per 1000 persons) and Bulgaria (10,126 kg per 1000 persons).

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of scaffolding per capita consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Belgium, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Production in the EU

The EU scaffolding production totaled 2.1M tonnes in 2018, therefore, remained relatively stable against the previous year. Overall, scaffolding production, however, continues to indicate a measured drop. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2014 with an increase of 16% against the previous year. Over the period under review, scaffolding production attained its maximum volume at 2.8M tonnes in 2007; however, from 2008 to 2018, production failed to regain its momentum.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of scaffolding production in 2018 were Poland (541K tonnes), Italy (389K tonnes) and Germany (257K tonnes), with a combined 57% share of total production. These countries were followed by Austria, Spain, Belgium and Bulgaria, which together accounted for a further 29%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of scaffolding production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Austria, while scaffolding production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Exports in the EU

In 2018, the exports of equipment for scaffolding, shuttering, propping or pit propping in the European Union amounted to 1.3M tonnes, surging by 13% against the previous year. In general, scaffolding exports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2011 with an increase of 20% year-to-year. Over the period under review, scaffolding exports reached their peak figure in 2018 and are expected to retain its growth in the immediate term.

In value terms, scaffolding exports totaled $3.1B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

Germany (360K tonnes) and Austria (266K tonnes) were the largest exporters of equipment for scaffolding, shuttering, propping or pit propping in 2018, accounting for approx. 28% and 21% of total exports, respectively. Italy (115K tonnes) occupied the next position in the ranking, followed by Spain (109K tonnes) and Poland (101K tonnes). All these countries together occupied approx. 26% share of total exports. The Czech Republic (44K tonnes), the Netherlands (43K tonnes), Belgium (39K tonnes), the UK (36K tonnes), Sweden (26K tonnes), France (25K tonnes) and Portugal (21K tonnes) occupied a little share of total exports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by Sweden.

In value terms, the largest scaffolding supplying countries in the European Union were Germany ($1.1B), Austria ($652M) and Spain ($235M), together comprising 63% of total exports. These countries were followed by Italy, Poland, the Netherlands, Belgium, the UK, the Czech Republic, Sweden, France and Portugal, which together accounted for a further 31%.

Export Prices by Country

The scaffolding export price in the European Union stood at $2,440 per tonne in 2018, surging by 8.7% against the previous year. Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was Germany ($2,954 per tonne), while the Czech Republic ($1,538 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Belgium.

Imports in the EU

The imports totaled 1M tonnes in 2018, going up by 15% against the previous year. In general, scaffolding imports, however, continue to indicate a slight curtailment. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2018 when imports increased by 15% against the previous year. The volume of imports peaked at 1.2M tonnes in 2007; however, from 2008 to 2018, imports stood at a somewhat lower figure.

In value terms, scaffolding imports amounted to $2.3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

In 2018, Germany (263K tonnes), distantly followed by France (114K tonnes), the UK (91K tonnes), Austria (72K tonnes), the Netherlands (54K tonnes), Belgium (49K tonnes), Poland (49K tonnes) and Sweden (49K tonnes) were the main importers of equipment for scaffolding, shuttering, propping or pit propping, together comprising 71% of total imports. The following importers – Spain (45K tonnes), Italy (42K tonnes), the Czech Republic (29K tonnes) and Denmark (25K tonnes) – together made up 14% of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, average annual rates of growth with regard to scaffolding imports into Germany stood at +5.8%. At the same time, Sweden (+6.9%), the Czech Republic (+1.8%), Denmark (+1.6%) and Austria (+1.1%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Sweden emerged as the fastest-growing importer imported in the European Union, with a CAGR of +6.9% from 2007-2018. France experienced a relatively flat trend pattern. By contrast, Poland (-1.8%), Belgium (-1.9%), Spain (-4.8%), the Netherlands (-7.0%), Italy (-7.2%) and the UK (-8.3%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. While the share of Germany (+12 p.p.) and Sweden (+2.4 p.p.) increased significantly in terms of the total imports from 2007-2018, the share of Spain (-3.2 p.p.), Italy (-5.2 p.p.), the Netherlands (-6.3 p.p.) and the UK (-14 p.p.) displayed negative dynamics. The shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, Germany ($539M) constitutes the largest market for imported equipment for scaffolding, shuttering, propping or pit propping in the European Union, comprising 24% of total scaffolding imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by France ($251M), with a 11% share of total imports. It was followed by the UK, with a 9.2% share.

From 2007 to 2018, the average annual growth rate of value in Germany amounted to +3.3%. The remaining importing countries recorded the following average annual rates of imports growth: France (-0.4% per year) and the UK (-4.8% per year).

Import Prices by Country

In 2018, the scaffolding import price in the European Union amounted to $2,185 per tonne, increasing by 5.3% against the previous year. In general, the scaffolding import price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2008 an increase of 19% y-o-y. In that year, the import prices for equipment for scaffolding, shuttering, propping or pit propping attained their peak level of $2,586 per tonne. From 2009 to 2018, the growth in terms of the import prices for equipment for scaffolding, shuttering, propping or pit propping failed to regain its momentum.

Average prices varied somewhat amongst the major importing countries. In 2018, major importing countries recorded the following prices: in the Netherlands ($2,588 per tonne) and Austria ($2,468 per tonne), while Poland ($1,998 per tonne) and Germany ($2,044 per tonne) were amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Italy, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

modex

MODEX Day Two: Coronavirus Impacting More than Just Trade Operations

Day two for MODEX 2020 concluded with industry players addressing the now-notorious coronavirus and what this means for both domestic and international markets fortunate enough to continue operations without disruption. From what we learned during the session, “Coronavirus and Global Supply Chains” the wave currently felt in China, Italy, and beyond, will eventually make its way to the U.S. and companies have no reason not to be prepared.

Researcher Philip J. Palin, John Paxton with MHI, and David Shillingford with Resilience360 took the unsettling topic head-on and addressed concerns without hesitation. Traders be aware: for domestic and untouched international markets, the worst isn’t over. The coronavirus creates more than just health concerns. It impacts trade operations, legal concerns, and causes financial turmoil as we’ve already started to see.

“The virus is the primary cause of the supply chain impact but the secondary causes coming from the virus include financial, regulatory, compliance, and legal,” explained Shillingford. “Another risk to think about is workforce risk. How many of the workers that left for Chinese New Year have been able to come back, and for those that have returned, are they able to work with open factories or are they still under quarantine?”

“The good news is, the extraordinary supply and demand disruption we’re discussing in terms of China is being released. It’s slow but it’s happening and it’s giving us a benchmark of for how long domestic disruption will be,” Palin stated after announcing the first containership from China arrived at the Port of Los Angeles in almost 10 days on Monday.

Shillingford goes on to explain the shifting patterns in consumer behavior as well, noting that due to worldwide panic, demand is shifting and challenging the logistics sector. Buying habits have undoubtedly changed in recent weeks along with mindsets. Interactions are now limited to a fist-bump or elbow touch rather than a handshake and the numbers of public events cancelled are going up.

“Other things we are seeing involve personnel movement. It’s not just transportation impacted,” Shillingford added.

On the legal side of the crisis, Chinese suppliers are having an issue with certificates and contractual obligations. Shillingford urges industry players to understand the importance of knowing if suppliers have been issued force majeure slips.

“One thing supply chains hate is variance, and there’s going to be a lot of variance and volatility on the demand side,” he concluded.

What does all this mean for the U.S.? At the end of the day, it’s a matter of preparation and strategizing for the more fortunate markets without the disruption of a complete shut-down.

“There was a hidden, horrible problem in the Hubei province that required a draconian measure to prevent transmission of the virus. We should be ahead of that curve as well as the rest of the world, even with this very contagious virus,” explained Palin. “And even if we are behind that curve, we don’t have 300 million workers separated from their place of work.”

plaster

Germany’s Gypsum Plaster Production Grew for the Fifth Consecutive Year in 2018

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘Germany – Gypsum Plasters – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends And Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the plaster market in Germany amounted to $208M in 2018, increasing by 3.8% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

The market value increased at an average annual rate of +1.2% over the period from 2007 to 2018; however, the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being recorded over the period under review. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2008 with an increase of 21% y-o-y. Plaster consumption peaked at $239M in 2016; however, from 2017 to 2018, consumption stood at a somewhat lower figure.

Market Forecast to 2030

Driven by increasing demand for plaster in Germany, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to decelerate, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +1.8% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 2.5M tonnes by the end of 2030.

Production in Germany

Plaster production in Germany amounted to 3.3M tonnes in 2018, levelling off at the previous year. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.5% over the period from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being observed in certain years. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2008 with an increase of 11% against the previous year. Over the period under review, plaster production attained its maximum volume in 2018 and is likely to see steady growth in the near future.

In value terms, plaster production stood at $326M in 2018 estimated in export prices. In general, plaster production continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern.

Exports from Germany

In 2018, the amount of plaster exported from Germany totaled 1.4M tonnes, falling by -4.1% against the previous year. Over the period under review, plaster exports attained their maximum at 1.4M tonnes in 2012; however, from 2013 to 2018, exports remained at a lower figure.

In value terms, plaster exports totaled $100M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

The UK (308K tonnes), Belgium (259K tonnes) and the Netherlands (155K tonnes) were the main destinations of plaster exports from Germany, with a combined 13% share of total exports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main countries of destination, was attained by the UK, while exports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest markets for plaster exported from Germany were Switzerland ($16M), Belgium ($14M) and the UK ($13M), with a combined 7.1% share of total exports.

The UK recorded the highest rates of growth with regard to the value of exports, in terms of the main countries of destination over the period under review, while exports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average plaster export price amounted to $74 per tonne, jumping by 6.7% against the previous year. Overall, the plaster export price, however, continues to indicate a mild descent. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2013 an increase of 29% y-o-y. Over the period under review, the average export prices for plaster reached their peak figure at $107 per tonne in 2009; however, from 2010 to 2018, export prices stood at a somewhat lower figure.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Switzerland ($130 per tonne), while the average price for exports to the UK ($43 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was recorded for supplies to Belgium, while the prices for the other major destinations experienced mixed trend patterns.

Imports into Germany

In 2018, the amount of plaster imported into Germany totaled 112K tonnes, growing by 14% against the previous year. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.6% over the period from 2007 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2017 when imports increased by 34% y-o-y. Imports peaked in 2018 and are expected to retain its growth in the immediate term.

In value terms, plaster imports amounted to $10M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

Austria (45K tonnes), Belgium (36K tonnes) and France (14K tonnes) were the main suppliers of plaster imports to Germany, with a combined 2.4% share of total imports. The U.S., the Netherlands, the UK and Poland lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 0.3%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main suppliers, was attained by the U.S., while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, France ($3.8M) constituted the largest supplier of plaster to Germany, comprising 0.7% of total plaster imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Austria ($1.6M), with a 0.3% share of total imports. It was followed by Belgium, with a 0.3% share.

From 2007 to 2018, the average annual growth rate of value from France amounted to +4.5%. The remaining supplying countries recorded the following average annual rates of imports growth: Austria (-0.6% per year) and Belgium (+1.6% per year).

Import Prices by Country

The average plaster import price stood at $91 per tonne in 2018, declining by -13.2% against the previous year. In general, the plaster import price continues to indicate a mild shrinkage. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2008 when the average import price increased by 31% year-to-year. In that year, the average import prices for plaster attained their peak level of $136 per tonne. From 2009 to 2018, the growth in terms of the average import prices for plaster remained at a somewhat lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major supplying countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was France ($267 per tonne), while the price for Austria ($36 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by the Netherlands, while the prices for the other major suppliers experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

Folding Boxboard

The EU Folding Boxboard Market Reached $9.6B

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Folding Boxboard – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the folding boxboard market in the European Union amounted to $9.6B in 2018, growing by 7.9% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Overall, folding boxboard consumption continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2011 when the market value increased by 8% year-to-year. In that year, the folding boxboard market attained its peak level of $10.7B. From 2012 to 2018, the growth of the folding boxboard market remained at a lower figure.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of folding boxboard consumption in 2018 were Germany (1.1M tonnes), Poland (1M tonnes) and France (1M tonnes), with a combined 40% share of total consumption.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of folding boxboard consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Poland, while folding boxboard consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest folding boxboard markets in the European Union were Germany ($1.4B), Poland ($1.3B) and France ($1.3B), with a combined 41% share of the total market.

In 2018, the highest levels of folding boxboard per capita consumption was registered in Austria (63 kg per person), followed by Poland (27 kg per person), the Netherlands (21 kg per person) and Italy (17 kg per person), while the world average per capita consumption of folding boxboard was estimated at 15 kg per person.

Market Forecast to 2030

Driven by increasing demand for folding boxboard in the European Union, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to accelerate, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +1.8% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 9.8M tonnes by the end of 2030.

Production in the EU

In 2018, approx. 12M tonnes of folding boxboard were produced in the European Union; picking up by 1.6% against the previous year. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.5% over the period from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010 with an increase of 7.6% y-o-y. Over the period under review, folding boxboard production attained its peak figure volume in 2018 and is likely to continue its growth in the near future.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of folding boxboard production in 2018 were Sweden (3.1M tonnes), Finland (2.8M tonnes) and Germany (1.8M tonnes), with a combined 64% share of total production. Italy, Austria, Poland and France lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 24%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of folding boxboard production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Poland, while folding boxboard production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Exports in the EU

In 2018, the amount of folding boxboard exported in the European Union totaled 11M tonnes, approximately equating the previous year. The total export volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.3% over the period from 2007 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. In value terms, folding boxboard exports totaled $13.3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

The exports of the three major exporters of folding boxboard, namely Sweden, Finland and Germany, represented more than two-thirds of total export. Italy (503K tonnes), Belgium (461K tonnes), Austria (363K tonnes), Poland (350K tonnes), France (341K tonnes), the Netherlands (319K tonnes), Spain (295K tonnes), Slovenia (233K tonnes) and the UK (214K tonnes) held a minor share of total exports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by Belgium, while exports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Sweden ($3.1B), Finland ($2.8B) and Germany ($2.8B) appeared to be the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2018, together comprising 66% of total exports. Italy, Poland, the Netherlands, France, Belgium, Spain, Austria, the UK and Slovenia lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 30%.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the folding boxboard export price in the European Union amounted to $1,160 per tonne, jumping by 5.1% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the folding boxboard export price, however, continues to indicate a slight reduction. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2011 when the export price increased by 12% year-to-year. In that year, the export prices for folding boxboard reached their peak level of $1,471 per tonne. From 2012 to 2018, the growth in terms of the export prices for folding boxboard remained at a somewhat lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Poland ($1,711 per tonne), while Slovenia ($753 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Slovenia, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports in the EU

The imports totaled 7.3M tonnes in 2018, approximately mirroring the previous year. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.5% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations being recorded over the period under review. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2010 when imports increased by 14% against the previous year. The volume of imports peaked in 2018 and are likely to continue its growth in the immediate term. In value terms, folding boxboard imports amounted to $8.9B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

In 2018, Germany (1.4M tonnes), distantly followed by the UK (768K tonnes), Italy (743K tonnes), France (678K tonnes), Poland (671K tonnes), Spain (546K tonnes), the Netherlands (541K tonnes) and Belgium (462K tonnes) represented the main importers of folding boxboard, together mixing up 79% of total imports. The Czech Republic (208K tonnes), Austria (190K tonnes), Portugal (159K tonnes) and Hungary (139K tonnes) took a little share of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Poland, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Germany ($1.7B), the UK ($928M) and Italy ($849M) appeared to be the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2018, with a combined 38% share of total imports. These countries were followed by France, Poland, Spain, the Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, the Czech Republic, Portugal and Hungary, which together accounted for a further 49%.

Import Prices by Country

The folding boxboard import price in the European Union stood at $1,217 per tonne in 2018, increasing by 7.7% against the previous year. In general, the folding boxboard import price, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2011 when the import price increased by 12% y-o-y. In that year, the import prices for folding boxboard reached their peak level of $1,458 per tonne. From 2012 to 2018, the growth in terms of the import prices for folding boxboard remained at a lower figure.

Average prices varied somewhat amongst the major importing countries. In 2018, major importing countries recorded the following prices: in Austria ($1,416 per tonne) and Portugal ($1,407 per tonne), while the Czech Republic ($1,125 per tonne) and Belgium ($1,136 per tonne) were amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by the Netherlands, while the other leaders experienced a decline in the import price figures.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

particle board

The EU Particle Board Market Is Set To Post Only Modest Growth

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Particle Board – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the particle board market in the European Union amounted to $11.4B in 2018, growing by 6.5% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of particle board consumption in 2018 were Germany (7.7M cubic meters), Poland (7.2M cubic meters) and France (3.6M cubic meters), with a combined 48% share of total consumption. Italy, the UK, Romania, Spain, Lithuania, Sweden, the Netherlands, Belgium and Austria lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 41%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of particle board consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Romania, while particle board consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Germany ($2.5B), Poland ($1.9B) and Italy ($1.3B) were the countries with the highest levels of market value in 2018, together accounting for 49% of the total market. These countries were followed by the UK, France, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Lithuania, Belgium, the Netherlands and Austria, which together accounted for a further 41%.

In 2018, the highest levels of particle board per capita consumption was registered in Lithuania (438 cubic meters per 1000 persons), followed by Poland (189 cubic meters per 1000 persons), Romania (144 cubic meters per 1000 persons) and Sweden (107 cubic meters per 1000 persons), while the world average per capita consumption of particle board was estimated at 76 cubic meters per 1000 persons.

Market Forecast to 2030

Driven by rising demand for particle board in the European Union, the market is expected to start an upward consumption trend over the next decade. The performance of the market is forecast to increase slightly, with an anticipated CAGR of +0.2% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 40M cubic meters by the end of 2030.

Production in the EU

In 2018, the volume of particle board production in the European Union amounted to 40M cubic meters, remaining constant against the previous year. Over the period under review, particle board production continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2016 when production volume increased by 3.6% y-o-y.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of particle board production in 2018 were Germany (7M cubic meters), Poland (5.8M cubic meters) and Romania (4.4M cubic meters), with a combined 43% share of total production. These countries were followed by France, Italy, Austria, the UK, Spain, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Latvia and Bulgaria, which together accounted for a further 45%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of particle board production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Latvia, while particle board production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Exports in the EU

In 2018, the volume of particle board exports in the European Union amounted to 18M cubic meters, leveling off at the previous year. The total export volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.8% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being observed in certain years. Over the period under review, particle board exports attained their peak figure at 18M cubic meters in 2017, and then declined slightly in the following year. In value terms, particle board exports amounted to $4.9B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

The countries with the highest levels of particle board exports in 2018 were Germany (2,386K cubic meters), Austria (2,213K cubic meters), Romania (1,831K cubic meters), Belgium (1,384K cubic meters), the Czech Republic (1,375K cubic meters), France (1,328K cubic meters), Latvia (986K cubic meters), Poland (919K cubic meters), Spain (835K cubic meters), Italy (672K cubic meters), Slovakia (664K cubic meters) and Portugal (504K cubic meters), together finishing at 86% of total export.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by Romania, while exports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest particle board supplying countries in the European Union were Austria ($767M), Germany ($758M) and Romania ($497M), with a combined 41% share of total exports.

Export Prices by Country

The particle board export price in the European Union stood at $281 per cubic meter in 2018, growing by 11% against the previous year. In general, the particle board export price, however, continues to indicate a slight decrease. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2011 an increase of 12% y-o-y.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was Italy ($364 per cubic meter), while Slovakia ($186 per cubic meter) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Austria, while the other leaders experienced a decline in the export price figures.

Imports in the EU

The volume of imports totaled 17M cubic meters in 2018, rising by 2% against the previous year. The total imports indicated a pronounced expansion from 2007 to 2018: its volume increased at an average annual rate of +3.2% over the last eleven-year period. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period.

Based on 2018 figures, particle board imports increased by +47.0% against 2012 indices. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2010 with an increase of 17% against the previous year. Over the period under review, particle board imports attained their peak figure in 2018 and are expected to retain its growth in the immediate term. In value terms, particle board imports stood at $4.4B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

In 2018, Germany (3,140K cubic meters) and Poland (2,309K cubic meters) were the largest importers of particle board in the European Union, together resulting at near 32% of total imports. Italy (1,445K cubic meters) occupied the next position in the ranking, followed by the UK (1,263K cubic meters), the Netherlands (1,242K cubic meters) and France (1,005K cubic meters). All these countries together occupied near 30% share of total imports. Sweden (626K cubic meters), the Czech Republic (567K cubic meters), Spain (563K cubic meters), Austria (555K cubic meters), Belgium (548K cubic meters) and Lithuania (548K cubic meters) held a relatively small share of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Belgium, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest particle board importing markets in the European Union were Germany ($874M), Poland ($472M) and the UK ($356M), with a combined 38% share of total imports.

Import Prices by Country

The particle board import price in the European Union stood at $265 per cubic meter in 2018, surging by 12% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the particle board import price, however, continues to indicate a measured contraction. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2011 an increase of 13% against the previous year.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was the Czech Republic ($321 per cubic meter), while Lithuania ($202 per cubic meter) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of import prices was attained by the Czech Republic, while the other leaders experienced a decline in the import price figures.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

paper dishes

The EU Paper Dishes And Cups Imports Soar, Boosted by Rising Demand in Western Europe

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Paper Trays, Dishes, Plates And Cups – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the paper dishes and cups market in the European Union amounted to $1.4B in 2018. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). The market value increased at an average annual rate of +1.1% over the period from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of paper dishes and cups consumption in 2018 were the UK (111K tonnes), Germany (71K tonnes) and France (36K tonnes), together accounting for 51% of total consumption.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of paper dishes and cups consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by the UK, while paper dishes and cups consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest paper dishes and cups markets in the European Union were the UK ($376M), Germany ($238M) and France ($128M), with a combined 54% share of the total market. Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Belgium, Sweden, Romania, Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 33%.

The countries with the highest levels of paper dishes and cups per capita consumption in 2018 were the UK (1,667 kg per 1000 persons), the Netherlands (1,396 kg per 1000 persons) and Sweden (1,157 kg per 1000 persons).

Exports in the EU

In 2018, the amount of paper trays, dishes, plates and cups exported in the European Union stood at 202K tonnes, going up by 9.9% against the previous year. The total export volume increased at an average annual rate of +4.2% over the period from 2007 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. In value terms, paper dishes and cups exports stood at $791M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

Italy represented the largest exporter of paper trays, dishes, plates and cups exported in the European Union, with the volume of exports resulting at 64K tonnes, which was approx. 32% of total exports in 2018. Germany (22K tonnes) took an 11% share (based on tonnes) of total exports, which put it in second place, followed by Poland (10%), the UK (9.5%), Finland (6.8%), Spain (6.4%) and the Netherlands (4.8%).

From 2007 to 2018, average annual rates of growth with regard to paper dishes and cups exports from Italy stood at +3.1%. At the same time, the Netherlands (+15.4%), Poland (+10.0%), Spain (+8.4%), the UK (+2.5%) and Germany (+1.1%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, the Netherlands emerged as the fastest-growing exporter exported in the European Union, with a CAGR of +15.4% from 2007-2018. By contrast, Finland (-1.4%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. From 2007 to 2018, the share of Italy, Poland, Spain, the Netherlands and the UK increased by +9.1%, +6.7%, +3.8%, +3.8% and +2.2% percentage points, while the shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, Italy ($276M) remains the largest paper dishes and cups supplier in the European Union, comprising 35% of total paper dishes and cups exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Germany ($86M), with a 11% share of total exports. It was followed by the UK, with a 10% share.

Export Prices by Country

The paper dishes and cups export price in the European Union stood at $3,914 per tonne in 2018, increasing by 3.3% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the paper dishes and cups export price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was the Netherlands ($4,651 per tonne), while Finland ($2,981 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Italy, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports in the EU

In 2018, approx. 288K tonnes of paper trays, dishes, plates and cups were imported in the European Union; picking up by 11% against the previous year. In general, paper dishes and cups imports continue to indicate resilient growth. The volume of imports peaked in 2018 and are likely to continue its growth in the near future. In value terms, paper dishes and cups imports amounted to $912M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

The imports of the four major importers of paper trays, dishes, plates and cups, namely the UK, Germany, the Netherlands and France, represented more than half of total import. Sweden (14K tonnes) took a 4.9% share (based on tonnes) of total imports, which put it in second place, followed by Spain (4.9%). The following importers – Belgium (13K tonnes), Ireland (9K tonnes), Italy (8.5K tonnes), Greece (8.2K tonnes), Austria (8.1K tonnes) and Romania (7K tonnes) – together made up 19% of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Romania, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Germany ($147M), the UK ($134M) and France ($113M) were the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2018, together accounting for 43% of total imports. These countries were followed by the Netherlands, Sweden, Belgium, Spain, Ireland, Italy, Austria, Romania and Greece, which together accounted for a further 42%.

Import Prices by Country

The paper dishes and cups import price in the European Union stood at $3,160 per tonne in 2018, growing by 1.6% against the previous year. In general, the paper dishes and cups import price, however, continues to indicate a mild deduction.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Belgium ($3,706 per tonne), while the UK ($2,354 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Italy, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform