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Despite Ranking only Fifth in Terms of Market Size, the Netherlands Leads European Chicken Egg Exports

egg

Despite Ranking only Fifth in Terms of Market Size, the Netherlands Leads European Chicken Egg Exports

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Hen Eggs – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2019, the EU chicken egg market decreased by -2.1% to $12.7B for the first time since 2016, thus ending a two-year rising trend. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2017 with an increase of 8.7% against the previous year. The level of consumption peaked at $15.8B in 2007; however, from 2008 to 2019, consumption failed to regain the momentum.

In physical terms, the volume of consumption amounted to 6.3M tonnes which remained relatively stable against the previous year; over the last decade, it increased gradually with some slight fluctuations in certain years.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of chicken egg consumption in 2019 were Germany (1.1M tonnes), France (881K tonnes) and Spain (761K tonnes), together accounting for 44% of total consumption. Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Belgium, Austria, Portugal, Hungary and Sweden lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 44%.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of chicken egg consumption, amongst the key consuming countries, was attained by Belgium, while chicken egg consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest chicken egg markets in the European Union were Germany ($2.3B), France ($2B) and Spain ($1.4B), together comprising 45% of the total market. These countries were followed by Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Hungary, Sweden, Romania, Austria, Portugal and Belgium, which together accounted for a further 40%.

The countries with the highest levels of chicken egg per capita consumption in 2019 were the Netherlands (31 kg per person), Austria (17 kg per person) and Spain (16 kg per person).

Market Forecast to 2030

Driven by increasing demand for chicken egg in the European Union, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to retain its current trend pattern, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +1.0% for the period from 2019 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 7M tonnes by the end of 2030.

Production in the EU

Chicken egg production reached 6.4M tonnes in 2019, stabilizing at 2018 figures. Over the period under review, production, however, showed a relatively flat trend pattern. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2013 when the production volume increased by 9.2% y-o-y. As a result, production reached the peak volume of 6.6M tonnes. From 2014 to 2019, production growth remained at a somewhat lower figure.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of chicken egg production in 2019 were Germany (852K tonnes), France (845K tonnes) and Spain (841K tonnes), with a combined 39% share of total production. Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Belgium, Portugal, Hungary, Austria and Sweden lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 48%.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of chicken egg production, amongst the leading producing countries, was attained by Austria, while chicken egg production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Producing Animals in the EU

The total number of hens for egg production stood at 458M heads in 2019, approximately equating 2018 figures. Over the period under review, the number of producing animals continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010 with an increase of 5.5% y-o-y. As a result, the number of producing animals attained the peak level of 461M heads. From 2011 to 2019, the growth of this number failed to regain the momentum.

Yield in the EU

The average chicken egg yield dropped slightly to 14 kg per head in 2019, approximately equating the year before. Over the period under review, the yield saw a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2013 when the yield increased by 7.2% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the chicken egg yield reached the peak level at 15 kg per head in 2007; however, from 2008 to 2019, the yield failed to regain the momentum.

Exports in the EU

In 2019, the amount of chicken eggs exported in the European Union fell modestly to 1.1M tonnes, declining by -2% against the year before. Overall, exports saw a abrupt curtailment. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2018 with an increase of 2.4% year-to-year.

In value terms, chicken egg exports dropped modestly to $2.1B (IndexBox estimates) in 2019. Over the period under review, exports saw a relatively flat trend pattern. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2013 with an increase of 17% year-to-year. The level of export peaked at $2.3B in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2019, exports failed to regain the momentum.

Exports by Country

The Netherlands was the largest exporting country with an export of around 396K tonnes, which accounted for 34% of total exports. It was distantly followed by Poland (214K tonnes), Germany (130K tonnes), Spain (87K tonnes) and Belgium (85K tonnes), together mixing up a 45% share of total exports. France (34K tonnes), Latvia (22K tonnes), Italy (19K tonnes), Bulgaria (18K tonnes) and the Czech Republic (18K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2007 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Spain, while shipments for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the Netherlands ($743M) remains the largest chicken egg supplier in the European Union, comprising 35% of total exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Poland ($284M), with a 13% share of total exports. It was followed by Germany, with a 13% share.

In the Netherlands, chicken egg exports plunged by an average annual rate of -3.0% over the period from 2007-2019. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Poland (+13.0% per year) and Germany (-1.6% per year).

Export Prices by Country

The chicken egg export price in the European Union stood at $1,845 per tonne in 2019, approximately mirroring the previous year. In general, the export price recorded strong growth. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2013 when the export price increased by 28% against the previous year. Over the period under review, export prices reached the maximum at $1,875 per tonne in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2019, export prices stood at a somewhat lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2019, the country with the highest price was the Czech Republic ($2,582 per tonne), while Latvia ($1,259 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Belgium, while the other leaders experienced mixed trends in the export price figures.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

flatware

U.S. Is the World’s Largest Market for Imported Table Flatware ($515M), Comprising 21% of Global Imports

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Table Flatware – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The global table flatware market revenue amounted to $6.3B in 2018, increasing by 3.8% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

Global Exports 2013-2018

In 2018, approx. 340K tonnes of table flatware were exported worldwide; standing approx. at the previous year. In general, table flatware exports, however, continue to indicate a measured setback. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2017 with an increase of 7.6% y-o-y. Over the period under review, global table flatware exports attained their maximum at 380K tonnes in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, exports failed to regain their momentum.

In value terms, table flatware exports amounted to $2.7B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

China dominates table flatware exports structure, amounting to 274K tonnes, which was approx. 81% of total exports in 2018. Viet Nam (9.6K tonnes), Germany (7.7K tonnes) and India (5.6K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

Exports from China decreased at an average annual rate of -2.4% from 2013 to 2018. At the same time, Viet Nam (+1.8%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Viet Nam emerged as the fastest-growing exporter exported in the world, with a CAGR of +1.8% from 2013-2018. Germany experienced a relatively flat trend pattern. By contrast, India (-7.0%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. China (-10.5 p.p.) significantly weakened its position in terms of the global exports, while the shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, China ($1.9B) remains the largest table flatware supplier worldwide, comprising 70% of global exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Viet Nam ($129M), with a 4.8% share of global exports. It was followed by Germany, with a 4.2% share.

In China, table flatware exports remained relatively stable over the period from 2013-2018. The remaining exporting countries recorded the following average annual rates of exports growth: Viet Nam (+0.7% per year) and Germany (-0.3% per year).

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average table flatware export price amounted to $7,997 per tonne, jumping by 4% against the previous year. Over the period from 2013 to 2018, it increased at an average annual rate of +2.2%. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2015 an increase of 10% y-o-y. In that year, the average export prices for table flatware attained their peak level of $8,036 per tonne; afterwards, it flattened through to 2018.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Germany ($14,767 per tonne), while China ($6,989 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by India, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Global Imports 2013-2018

In 2018, the global imports of table flatware amounted to 328K tonnes, jumping by 3.7% against the previous year.

In value terms, table flatware imports amounted to $2.5B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

In 2018, the U.S. (61K tonnes), distantly followed by Germany (15K tonnes) were the main importers of table flatware, together comprising 23% of total imports. The UK (14K tonnes), Indonesia (9.4K tonnes), the United Arab Emirates (8.7K tonnes), France (8.6K tonnes), Canada (8.5K tonnes), Iran (8.1K tonnes), the Philippines (7.9K tonnes), the Netherlands (7.6K tonnes), Spain (7.5K tonnes) and Iraq (7.4K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

Imports into the U.S. increased at an average annual rate of +1.5% from 2013 to 2018. At the same time, Indonesia (+22.3%), Iraq (+11.1%), Spain (+8.6%), the Netherlands (+5.6%) and the Philippines (+5.4%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Indonesia emerged as the fastest-growing importer imported in the world, with a CAGR of +22.3% from 2013-2018. Canada experienced a relatively flat trend pattern.

By contrast, the UK (-1.6%), Germany (-4.2%), France (-4.7%), the United Arab Emirates (-9.2%) and Iran (-11.2%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. From 2013 to 2018, the share of Indonesia increased by +1.8% percentage points, while the United Arab Emirates (-1.7 p.p.) and Iran (-2 p.p.) saw their share reduced. The shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, the U.S. ($515M) constitutes the largest market for imported table flatware worldwide, comprising 21% of global imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Germany ($176M), with a 7.1% share of global imports. It was followed by the UK, with a 4.6% share.

From 2013 to 2018, the average annual growth rate of value in the U.S. totaled +1.7%. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Germany (-2.5% per year) and the UK (-0.0% per year).

Import Prices by Country

The average table flatware import price stood at $7,533 per tonne in 2018, approximately reflecting the previous year. There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Germany ($11,354 per tonne), while Iran ($3,877 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Iraq, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

laboratory

Germany Dominates the EU Market for Composite Diagnostic and Laboratory Reagents

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Composite Diagnostic Or Laboratory Reagents – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends And Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2018, the market value for composite laboratory reagents in the European Union totaled $9.4B. Over the period under review, composite laboratory reagents consumption, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2011 with an increase of 14% year-to-year. Over the period under review, the composite laboratory reagents market reached its peak figure level at $12.2B in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, consumption stood at a somewhat lower figure.

Consumption by Country

The largest composite laboratory reagents markets in the European Union were Germany ($2.8B), the UK ($1.7B) and Italy ($1.1B), together comprising 60% of the total market. The Netherlands, Spain, Hungary, Austria, Belgium, Sweden, Portugal, Greece and Poland lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 31%.

Exports in the EU

In value terms, composite laboratory reagents exports totaled $15.7B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. The total export value increased at an average annual rate of +4.5% from 2009 to 2018; the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded over the period under review.

Exports by Country

Germany ($4.7B), the UK ($2.5B) and the Netherlands ($2.3B) appeared to be the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2018, with a combined 61% share of total exports. These countries were followed by Ireland, France, Sweden, Italy, Belgium, Spain, Poland, Austria and Hungary, which together accounted for a further 33%.

In terms of the main exporting countries, Poland recorded the highest growth rate of the value of exports, over the period under review, while exports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports in the EU

EU’s composite laboratory reagents imports totaled $12.5B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. The total import value increased at an average annual rate of +2.5% over the period from 2009 to 2018.

Imports by Country

In value terms, the largest composite laboratory reagents importing markets in the European Union were Germany ($3B), the Netherlands ($1.7B) and France ($1.5B), with a combined 49% share of total imports.

The Netherlands recorded the highest growth rate of the value of imports, among the main importing countries over the period under review, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

tissue

Spain’s Tissue Paper Market – Key Statistics and Trends

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘Spain – Toilet Or Facial Tissue Stock, Towel And Similar Paper – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the tissue paper market in Spain amounted to $228M in 2018, surging by 2.6% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

Production in Spain

In 2018, the tissue paper production in Spain amounted to 192K tonnes, declining by -16.4% against the previous year. In general, tissue paper production continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2015 with an increase of 19% year-to-year. Tissue paper production peaked at 229K tonnes in 2017, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Exports from Spain

In 2018, the amount of toilet or facial tissue stock, towel and similar paper exported from Spain stood at 70K tonnes, coming down by -12.3% against the previous year. In value terms, tissue paper exports amounted to $94M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

France (21K tonnes), Portugal (15K tonnes) and the UK (11K tonnes) were the main destinations of tissue paper exports from Spain, together comprising 67% of total exports. These countries were followed by Italy, Belgium, Morocco and Germany, which together accounted for a further 20%.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main countries of destination, was attained by Italy, while exports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest markets for tissue paper exported from Spain were France ($28M), Portugal ($17M) and the UK ($13M), with a combined 62% share of total exports. These countries were followed by Italy, Belgium, Germany and Morocco, which together accounted for a further 21%.

Export Prices by Country

The average tissue paper export price stood at $1,346 per tonne in 2018, growing by 12% against the previous year. Over the period from 2013 to 2018, it increased at an average annual rate of +1.0%. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2018 an increase of 12% y-o-y. Over the period under review, the average export prices for toilet or facial tissue stock, towel and similar paper reached their peak figure at $1,368 per tonne in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, export prices failed to regain their momentum.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Germany ($2,821 per tonne), while the average price for exports to Italy ($1,077 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was recorded for supplies to Germany, while the prices for the other major destinations experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports into Spain

In 2018, the amount of toilet or facial tissue stock, towel and similar paper imported into Spain amounted to 68K tonnes, waning by -6.2% against the previous year.

In value terms, tissue paper imports stood at $102M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

In 2018, Italy (28K tonnes) constituted the largest tissue paper supplier to Spain, accounting for a 41% share of total imports. Moreover, tissue paper imports from Italy exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest supplier, Portugal (13K tonnes), twofold. France (8.5K tonnes) ranked third in terms of total imports with a 13% share.

From 2013 to 2018, the average annual growth rate of volume from Italy totaled +5.7%. The remaining supplying countries recorded the following average annual rates of imports growth: Portugal (+13.4% per year) and France (-4.5% per year).

In value terms, Italy ($40M) constituted the largest supplier of tissue paper to Spain, comprising 39% of total tissue paper imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Portugal ($17M), with a 17% share of total imports. It was followed by Germany, with a 14% share.

Import Prices by Country

The average tissue paper import price stood at $1,501 per tonne in 2018, surging by 5% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the tissue paper import price, however, continues to indicate a moderate contraction. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2014 when the average import price increased by 9.2% year-to-year. In that year, the average import prices for toilet or facial tissue stock, towel and similar paper reached their peak level of $1,846 per tonne. From 2015 to 2018, the growth in terms of the average import prices for toilet or facial tissue stock, towel and similar paper failed to regain its momentum.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major supplying countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Germany ($2,081 per tonne), while the price for Algeria ($999 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Germany, while the prices for the other major suppliers experienced a decline.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

particle board

The EU Particle Board Market Is Set To Post Only Modest Growth

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Particle Board – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the particle board market in the European Union amounted to $11.4B in 2018, growing by 6.5% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of particle board consumption in 2018 were Germany (7.7M cubic meters), Poland (7.2M cubic meters) and France (3.6M cubic meters), with a combined 48% share of total consumption. Italy, the UK, Romania, Spain, Lithuania, Sweden, the Netherlands, Belgium and Austria lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 41%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of particle board consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Romania, while particle board consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Germany ($2.5B), Poland ($1.9B) and Italy ($1.3B) were the countries with the highest levels of market value in 2018, together accounting for 49% of the total market. These countries were followed by the UK, France, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Lithuania, Belgium, the Netherlands and Austria, which together accounted for a further 41%.

In 2018, the highest levels of particle board per capita consumption was registered in Lithuania (438 cubic meters per 1000 persons), followed by Poland (189 cubic meters per 1000 persons), Romania (144 cubic meters per 1000 persons) and Sweden (107 cubic meters per 1000 persons), while the world average per capita consumption of particle board was estimated at 76 cubic meters per 1000 persons.

Market Forecast to 2030

Driven by rising demand for particle board in the European Union, the market is expected to start an upward consumption trend over the next decade. The performance of the market is forecast to increase slightly, with an anticipated CAGR of +0.2% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 40M cubic meters by the end of 2030.

Production in the EU

In 2018, the volume of particle board production in the European Union amounted to 40M cubic meters, remaining constant against the previous year. Over the period under review, particle board production continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2016 when production volume increased by 3.6% y-o-y.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of particle board production in 2018 were Germany (7M cubic meters), Poland (5.8M cubic meters) and Romania (4.4M cubic meters), with a combined 43% share of total production. These countries were followed by France, Italy, Austria, the UK, Spain, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Latvia and Bulgaria, which together accounted for a further 45%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of particle board production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Latvia, while particle board production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Exports in the EU

In 2018, the volume of particle board exports in the European Union amounted to 18M cubic meters, leveling off at the previous year. The total export volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.8% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being observed in certain years. Over the period under review, particle board exports attained their peak figure at 18M cubic meters in 2017, and then declined slightly in the following year. In value terms, particle board exports amounted to $4.9B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

The countries with the highest levels of particle board exports in 2018 were Germany (2,386K cubic meters), Austria (2,213K cubic meters), Romania (1,831K cubic meters), Belgium (1,384K cubic meters), the Czech Republic (1,375K cubic meters), France (1,328K cubic meters), Latvia (986K cubic meters), Poland (919K cubic meters), Spain (835K cubic meters), Italy (672K cubic meters), Slovakia (664K cubic meters) and Portugal (504K cubic meters), together finishing at 86% of total export.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by Romania, while exports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest particle board supplying countries in the European Union were Austria ($767M), Germany ($758M) and Romania ($497M), with a combined 41% share of total exports.

Export Prices by Country

The particle board export price in the European Union stood at $281 per cubic meter in 2018, growing by 11% against the previous year. In general, the particle board export price, however, continues to indicate a slight decrease. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2011 an increase of 12% y-o-y.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was Italy ($364 per cubic meter), while Slovakia ($186 per cubic meter) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Austria, while the other leaders experienced a decline in the export price figures.

Imports in the EU

The volume of imports totaled 17M cubic meters in 2018, rising by 2% against the previous year. The total imports indicated a pronounced expansion from 2007 to 2018: its volume increased at an average annual rate of +3.2% over the last eleven-year period. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period.

Based on 2018 figures, particle board imports increased by +47.0% against 2012 indices. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2010 with an increase of 17% against the previous year. Over the period under review, particle board imports attained their peak figure in 2018 and are expected to retain its growth in the immediate term. In value terms, particle board imports stood at $4.4B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

In 2018, Germany (3,140K cubic meters) and Poland (2,309K cubic meters) were the largest importers of particle board in the European Union, together resulting at near 32% of total imports. Italy (1,445K cubic meters) occupied the next position in the ranking, followed by the UK (1,263K cubic meters), the Netherlands (1,242K cubic meters) and France (1,005K cubic meters). All these countries together occupied near 30% share of total imports. Sweden (626K cubic meters), the Czech Republic (567K cubic meters), Spain (563K cubic meters), Austria (555K cubic meters), Belgium (548K cubic meters) and Lithuania (548K cubic meters) held a relatively small share of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Belgium, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest particle board importing markets in the European Union were Germany ($874M), Poland ($472M) and the UK ($356M), with a combined 38% share of total imports.

Import Prices by Country

The particle board import price in the European Union stood at $265 per cubic meter in 2018, surging by 12% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the particle board import price, however, continues to indicate a measured contraction. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2011 an increase of 13% against the previous year.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was the Czech Republic ($321 per cubic meter), while Lithuania ($202 per cubic meter) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of import prices was attained by the Czech Republic, while the other leaders experienced a decline in the import price figures.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform