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Turkey Emerges as the Largest Producer of Tomatoes in the Middle East

tomatoes

Turkey Emerges as the Largest Producer of Tomatoes in the Middle East

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘Middle East – Tomatoes – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the tomato market in the Middle East amounted to $18.6B in 2018, declining by -8.5% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

The market value increased at an average annual rate of +1.6% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being observed throughout the analyzed period. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2017 with an increase of 25% against the previous year. In that year, the tomato market attained its peak level of $20.3B, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of tomato consumption in 2018 were Turkey (12M tonnes), Iran (6.5M tonnes) and Syrian Arab Republic (658K tonnes), together accounting for 86% of total consumption. Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Iraq lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 7.9%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of tomato consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Jordan, while tomato consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest tomato markets in the Middle East were Turkey ($10.5B), Iran ($5.3B) and Israel ($559M), with a combined 88% share of the total market. These countries were followed by Iraq, Jordan, Syrian Arab Republic and Saudi Arabia, which together accounted for a further 6.4%.

The countries with the highest levels of tomato per capita consumption in 2018 were Turkey (144 kg per person), Iran (79 kg per person) and Jordan (57 kg per person).

Market Forecast to 2030

Driven by increasing demand for tomatoes in the Middle East, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to retain its current trend pattern, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +1.6% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 27M tonnes by the end of 2030.

Production in the Middle East

The tomato production stood at 22.2M tonnes in 2018, remaining constant against the previous year. In general, tomato production continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2009 when production volume increased by 5.3% year-to-year.

In value terms, tomato production stood at $19.8B in 2018 estimated in export prices. The total output value increased at an average annual rate of +1.6% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded over the period under review. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2017 with an increase of 36% y-o-y. In that year, tomato production attained its peak level of $21.5B, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of tomato production in 2018 were Turkey (12M tonnes) and Iran (6.6M tonnes), with a combined 84% share of total production.

Harvested Area in the Middle East

In 2018, approx. 415K ha of tomatoes were harvested in the Middle East; standing approx. at the previous year. Over the period under review, the tomato harvested area continues to indicate a mild curtailment. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2008 with an increase of 4% y-o-y. In that year, the tomato harvested area reached its peak level of 493K ha. From 2009 to 2018, the growth of the tomato harvested area remained at a lower figure.

Yield in the Middle East

In 2018, the average yield of tomatoes in the Middle East stood at 53 tonne per ha, stabilizing at the previous year. The yield figure increased at an average annual rate of +2.1% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2009 with an increase of 7.2% year-to-year. The level of tomato yield peaked in 2018 and is likely to continue its growth in the near future.

Exports in the Middle East

In 2018, the exports of tomatoes in the Middle East stood at 782K tonnes, rising by 14% against the previous year. In value terms, tomato exports amounted to $618M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

Turkey (379K tonnes) and Jordan (258K tonnes) represented roughly 81% of total exports of tomatoes in 2018. It was distantly followed by Iran (84K tonnes), committing an 11% share of total exports. Syrian Arab Republic (32K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by Iran, while exports for the other leaders experienced mixed trends in the exports figures.

In value terms, Turkey ($339M) remains the largest tomato supplier in the Middle East, comprising 55% of total tomato exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Jordan ($168M), with a 27% share of total exports. It was followed by Iran, with a 12% share.

In Turkey, tomato exports increased at an average annual rate of +1.2% over the period from 2007-2018. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Jordan (-0.4% per year) and Iran (+33.5% per year).

Export Prices by Country

The tomato export price in the Middle East stood at $791 per tonne in 2018, leveling off at the previous year.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Iran ($913 per tonne), while Syrian Arab Republic ($463 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Jordan, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports in the Middle East

In 2018, the tomato imports in the Middle East totaled 602K tonnes, jumping by 6.9% against the previous year. In value terms, tomato imports amounted to $366M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

Saudi Arabia (155K tonnes) and the United Arab Emirates (143K tonnes) represented roughly 50% of total imports of tomatoes in 2018. Kuwait (68K tonnes) took the next position in the ranking, followed by Iraq (67K tonnes), Qatar (49K tonnes), Oman (32K tonnes), Israel (31K tonnes) and Bahrain (31K tonnes). All these countries together accounted for a 46% share of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Israel, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Saudi Arabia ($98M), the United Arab Emirates ($86M) and Kuwait ($49M) constituted the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2018, together accounting for 64% of total imports. Qatar, Iraq, Israel, Oman and Bahrain lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 32%.

In terms of the main importing countries, Oman recorded the highest rates of growth with regard to the value of imports, over the period under review, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Import Prices by Country

The tomato import price in the Middle East stood at $608 per tonne in 2018, reducing by -13.2% against the previous year.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Israel ($725 per tonne), while Iraq ($369 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by the United Arab Emirates.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

middle east

The Apple Market in the Middle East Reached $3.3B

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘Middle East – Apple – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the apple market in the Middle East amounted to $3.3B in 2018, picking up by 9% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Over the period under review, apple consumption continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. Over the period under review, the apple market attained its peak figure level at $3.9B in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2018, consumption remained at a lower figure.

Consumption By Country in the Middle East

The countries with the highest volumes of apple consumption in 2018 were Turkey (2.9M tonnes), Iran (1.9M tonnes) and Syria (364K tonnes), together accounting for 86% of total consumption.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of apple consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Syria, while apple consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest apple markets in the Middle East were Turkey ($1.1B), Iran ($1B) and Syria ($384M), with a combined 77% share of the total market.

The countries with the highest levels of apple per capita consumption in 2018 were Turkey (35 kg per person), Iran (23 kg per person) and Syria (20 kg per person).

Production in the Middle East

In 2018, the amount of apples produced in the Middle East stood at 5.8M tonnes, approximately equating the previous year. Overall, apple production, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2016 when production volume increased by 6.9% against the previous year. The general negative trend in terms of apple output was largely conditioned by a relatively flat trend pattern of the harvested area and a mild drop in yield figures.

Production By Country in the Middle East

The countries with the highest volumes of apple production in 2018 were Turkey (3.1M tonnes), Iran (2M tonnes) and Syria (362K tonnes), together accounting for 94% of total production.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of apple production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Syria, while apple production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Harvested Area in the Middle East

In 2018, the total area harvested in terms of apples production in the Middle East totaled 426K ha, rising by 2.1% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the apple harvested area continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. Over the period under review, the harvested area dedicated to apple production attained its maximum at 544K ha in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, harvested area failed to regain its momentum.

Yield in the Middle East

In 2018, the average apple yield in the Middle East amounted to 14 tonne per ha. Over the period under review, the apple yield continues to indicate a mild curtailment. Over the period under review, the apple yield attained its maximum level at 16 tonne per ha in 2009; however, from 2010 to 2018, yield stood at lower figures.

Exports in the Middle East

The volume of exports totaled 500K tonnes in 2018, surging by 30% against the previous year, which refers to the increased supplies from Turkey and Iran. The volume of exports peaked in 2018 and are expected to retain its growth in the immediate term. In value terms, apple exports totaled $254M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

Turkey was the key exporter of apples exported in the Middle East, with the volume of exports amounting to 238K tonnes, which was near 48% of total exports in 2018. Iran (139K tonnes) ranks second in terms of the total exports with a 28% share, followed by Lebanon (12%) and Syrian Arab Republic (4.6%). Israel (18K tonnes) and the United Arab Emirates (12K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by Turkey, while exports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest apple supplying countries in the Middle East were Turkey ($95M), Iran ($78M) and Syrian Arab Republic ($26M), with a combined 78% share of total exports.

Export Prices by Country

The apple export price in the Middle East stood at $507 per tonne in 2018, dropping by -6.1% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the apple export price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. Export price peaked at $676 per tonne in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, export prices remained at a lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Israel ($1,304 per tonne), while Lebanon ($213 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

Imports in the Middle East

In 2018, approx. 635K tonnes of apples were imported in the Middle East; declining by -1.6% against the previous year. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.8% over the period from 2007 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. The volume of imports peaked at 702K tonnes in 2015; however, from 2016 to 2018, imports failed to regain their momentum. In value terms, apple imports totaled $579M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

Saudi Arabia (187K tonnes), the United Arab Emirates (125K tonnes) and Iraq (103K tonnes) represented roughly 66% of total imports of apples in 2018. Jordan (42K tonnes) occupied a 6.6% share (based on tonnes) of total imports, which put it in second place, followed by Israel (5.9%) and Kuwait (5.1%). Qatar (26K tonnes) held a relatively small share of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Israel, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest apple importing markets in the Middle East were Saudi Arabia ($194M), the United Arab Emirates ($154M) and Israel ($47M), with a combined 68% share of total imports.

Import Prices by Country

The apple import price in the Middle East stood at $912 per tonne in 2018, rising by 11% against the previous year. Over the last eleven years, it increased at an average annual rate of +1.7%.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Israel ($1,262 per tonne), while Iraq ($221 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Qatar, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

persimmon

Persimmon Market in the Middle East – Key Insights

IndexBox has just published a new report, the Middle East – Persimmons – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the persimmon market in Middle East amounted to $75M in 2017, growing by 10% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). The total market indicated a remarkable expansion from 2012 to 2017: its value increased at an average annual rate of +9.4% over the last five years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period.

Based on 2017 figures, the persimmon consumption increased by +72.2% against 2012 indices. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2013, when it surged by 32% year-to-year. Over the period under review, the persimmon market reached its peak figure level in 2017, and is likely to see steady growth in the immediate term.

Production in the Middle East

In 2017, the amount of persimmons produced in Middle East stood at 60K tonnes, growing by 2.4% against the previous year. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +4.4% from 2012 to 2017; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years.

Persimmon Exports

The exports totaled 7.6K tonnes in 2017, rising by 21% against the previous year. The persimmon exports continue to indicate a drastic decrease. In value terms, persimmon exports stood at $12M (IndexBox estimates) in 2017.

Exports by Country

Israel was the key exporting countries with an export of around 5.5K tonnes, which amounted to 72% of total exports. It was distantly followed by Iran (1.1K tonnes) and the United Arab Emirates (572 tonnes), together constituting 21% share of total exports. Lebanon (300 tonnes) held the minor share of total exports.

From 2012 to 2017, average annual rates of growth with regard to persimmon exports from Israel stood at -13.3%. At the same time, the United Arab Emirates (+285.1%) and Iran (+43.6%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, the United Arab Emirates emerged as the fastest growing exporter in Middle East, with a CAGR of +285.1% from 2012-2017. By contrast, Lebanon (-30.0%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. While the share of Israel (75%) and Lebanon (19%) increased significantly in terms of the global exports from 2012-2017, the share of the United Arab Emirates (-7.5%) and Iran (-11.7%) displayed negative dynamics.

In value terms, Israel ($11M) remains the largest persimmon supplier in Middle East, comprising 91% of global exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by the United Arab Emirates ($406K), with a 3.5% share of global exports. It was followed by Iran, with a 3.2% share.

Export Prices by Country

In 2017, the persimmon export price in Middle East amounted to $1.5 per kg, increasing by 13% against the previous year. The the persimmon export price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern.

Export prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest export price was Israel ($1.9 per kg), while Iran ($353 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2012 to 2017, the most notable rate of growth in terms of export prices was attained by Israel (+3.1% per year), while the other leaders experienced mixed trends in the export price figures.

Persimmon Imports

In 2017, persimmon imports in Middle East amounted to 9K tonnes, rising by 2.5% against the previous year. The persimmon imports continue to indicate a strong expansion. In value terms, persimmon imports stood at $13M (IndexBox estimates) in 2017.

Imports by Country

Saudi Arabia was the largest importer of persimmons in Middle East, with the volume of imports accounting for 3.9K tonnes, which was approx. 43% of total imports in 2017. Jordan (2.5K tonnes) held the second position in the ranking, followed by Palestine (1.9K tonnes). All these countries together occupied approx. 50% share of total imports. The following importers – the United Arab Emirates (255 tonnes) and Bahrain (193 tonnes) together made up 5% of total imports.

From 2012 to 2017, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Bahrain (+55.3% per year), while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Saudi Arabia ($5.1M), Jordan ($3.7M) and Palestine ($2.7M) constituted the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2017, together comprising 92% of total imports. These countries were followed by the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, which together accounted for a further 6.2%.

Import Prices by Country

In 2017, the persimmon import price in Middle East amounted to $1.4 per kg, coming down by -2.1% against the previous year. The import price indicated a strong increase from 2012 to 2017: its price increased at an average annual rate of +12.9% over the last five year period. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2017 figures, the persimmon import price decreased by -3.8% against 2015 indices.

There were significant differences in the average import prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2017, the country with the highest import price was the United Arab Emirates ($2 per kg), while Saudi Arabia ($1.3 per kg) was amongst the lowest.

From 2012 to 2017, the most notable rate of growth in terms of import prices was attained by Saudi Arabia (+23.0% per year), while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform