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The Philippines, India, and Indonesia Dominate the $35B-Worth Global Coconut Market

coconut

The Philippines, India, and Indonesia Dominate the $35B-Worth Global Coconut Market

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Coconut – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2019, after two years of growth, there was decline in the global coconut market, when its value decreased by -3.2% to $35.2B. Overall, consumption, however, saw a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2018 when the market value increased by 7.9% year-to-year. As a result, consumption reached a peak level of $36.4B, and then dropped modestly in the following year.

Consumption By Country

The countries with the highest volumes of coconut consumption in 2019 were Indonesia (18M tonnes), the Philippines (15M tonnes) and India (12M tonnes), together accounting for 71% of global consumption. These countries were followed by Sri Lanka, Brazil, Viet Nam, Papua New Guinea, Mexico and Thailand, which together accounted for a further 16%.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of coconut consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Viet Nam, while coconut consumption for the other global leaders experienced mixed trends in the consumption figures.

In value terms, the largest coconut markets worldwide were the Philippines ($9.8B), India ($6.8B) and Indonesia ($4.8B), together comprising 61% of the global market. These countries were followed by Sri Lanka, Brazil, Thailand, Viet Nam, Papua New Guinea and Mexico, which together accounted for a further 18%.

The countries with the highest levels of coconut per capita consumption in 2019 were Papua New Guinea (140 kg per person), the Philippines (136 kg per person) and Sri Lanka (125 kg per person).

Production

In 2019, the number of coconuts produced worldwide reached 62M tonnes, approximately reflecting the previous year. Overall, production, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2018 when the production volume increased by 2.4% year-to-year. Global production peaked at 62M tonnes in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2019, production stood at a somewhat lower figure.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of coconut production in 2019 were Indonesia (18M tonnes), the Philippines (15M tonnes) and India (12M tonnes), together accounting for 72% of global production. Sri Lanka, Brazil, Viet Nam, Papua New Guinea and Mexico lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 14%.

From 2013 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Viet Nam, while coconut production for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Harvested Area and Yield

In 2019, the global harvested area of coconuts amounted to 13M ha, approximately equating the previous year. Over the period under review, the harvested area recorded a relatively flat trend pattern. In 2019, the global average coconut yield declined to 5 tonnes per ha, standing approx. at the previous year’s figure.

Exports

For the fourth consecutive year, the global market recorded growth in overseas shipments of coconuts, which increased by 11% to 1.1M tonnes in 2019. Over the period under review, exports posted a prominent increase. Over the period under review, global exports attained the maximum in 2019 and are expected to retain growth in the immediate term. In value terms, coconut exports rose significantly to $527M (IndexBox estimates) in 2019.

Exports by Country

Indonesia represented the major exporter of coconuts in the world, with the volume of exports resulting at 474K tonnes, which was approx. 44% of total exports in 2019. Thailand (178K tonnes) ranks second in terms of the total exports with a 16% share, followed by Viet Nam (16%) and India (9.9%). Guyana (27K tonnes), Hong Kong SAR (25K tonnes) and Sri Lanka (21K tonnes) held a little share of total exports.

From 2013 to 2019, the average annual rates of growth with regard to coconut exports from Indonesia stood at +29.1%. At the same time, Hong Kong SAR (+47.5%), Thailand (+26.7%), Guyana (+17.3%), India (+13.6%) and Viet Nam (+6.2%) displayed positive paces of growth. By contrast, Sri Lanka (-14.7%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period.

In value terms, Thailand ($151M), Indonesia ($115M) and Viet Nam ($88M) appeared to be the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2019, together comprising 67% of global exports. India, Sri Lanka and Guyana lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 18%.

Export Prices by Country

The average coconut export price stood at $487 per tonne in 2019, with an increase of 1.9% against the previous year. Overall, the export price, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2015 an increase of 11% y-o-y. Over the period under review, average export prices attained the maximum at $528 per tonne in 2017; however, from 2018 to 2019, export prices stood at a somewhat lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2019, the country with the highest price was Sri Lanka ($852 per tonne), while Indonesia ($242 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Sri Lanka, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

railway

France, Italy, and Austria Drive the European Railroad Rail Market

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Railway Or Tramway Track Construction Material Of Iron Or Steel – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2019, the EU market for railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel increased by 1.9% to $3.1B, rising for the third consecutive year after two years of decline. Overall, consumption continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2017 with an increase of 9% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the market hit record highs at $3.7B in 2008; however, from 2009 to 2019, consumption remained at a lower figure.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of consumption of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel in 2019 were France (463K tonnes), Italy (434K tonnes) and Germany (369K tonnes), together accounting for 40% of total consumption. These countries were followed by the UK, Poland, Austria, Spain, the Netherlands, Romania, Belgium, the Czech Republic and Luxembourg, which together accounted for a further 52%.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of consumption of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by France, Italy, and Austria, while consumption of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest iron and steel railway construction materials markets in the European Union were France ($601M), Italy ($506M) and Germany ($333M), together accounting for 47% of the total market. These countries were followed by Spain, Austria, Poland, the Netherlands, Romania, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Czech Republic and the UK, which together accounted for a further 43%.

In 2019, the highest levels of per capita consumption of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel were registered in Luxembourg (108 kg per person), followed by Austria (30 kg per person), Belgium (9.15 kg per person) and the Netherlands (8.78 kg per person), while the world average per capita consumption of iron and steel railway construction materials was estimated at 6.13 kg per person.

From 2007 to 2019, the average annual growth rate of the per capita consumption of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel in Luxembourg totaled -3.5%. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Austria (+14.8% per year) and Belgium (+0.2% per year).

Production in the EU

In 2019, production of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel increased by 1.4% to 3.2M tonnes, rising for the second consecutive year after two years of decline. Overall, production, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. In value terms, production of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel expanded remarkably to $5.4B in 2019 estimated at export prices.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of production of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel in 2019 were Austria (718K tonnes), Poland (406K tonnes) and Spain (387K tonnes), with a combined 48% share of total production.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of production of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Poland, while the production of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports in the EU

For the third consecutive year, the European Union recorded growth in overseas purchases of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel, which increased by 4.9% to 1.4M tonnes in 2019. Total imports indicated a temperate increase from 2007 to 2019: its volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.2% over the last twelve-year period. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2019 figures, imports increased by +32.8% against 2016 indices. Over the period under review, imports attained the peak figure in 2019 and are likely to see gradual growth in years to come. In value terms, imports of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel dropped to $1.3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2019.

Imports by Country

In 2019, Germany (314K tonnes), distantly followed by Italy (173K tonnes), France (155K tonnes), the UK (118K tonnes), Poland (88K tonnes) and Belgium (86K tonnes) were the major importers of railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel, together creating 69% of total imports. The Czech Republic (59K tonnes), Sweden (55K tonnes), Spain (55K tonnes), the Netherlands (35K tonnes), Hungary (33K tonnes) and Portugal (27K tonnes) occupied a minor share of total imports.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of purchases, amongst the leading importing countries, was attained by Italy, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Germany ($271M), Italy ($201M) and France ($126M) appeared to be the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2019, with a combined 45% share of total imports.

Import Prices by Country

The import price for railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel in the European Union stood at $993 per tonne in 2019, falling by -11.2% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the import price showed a mild curtailment.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2019, the country with the highest price was Hungary ($1,402 per tonne), while the UK ($655 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Hungary, while the other leaders experienced a decline in the import price figures.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

tea

The UK Remains an Indisputable Leader for the European Tea Market

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Tea – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2019, the EU tea market decreased by -5.1% to 214K tonnes, slipping back slightly from the previous year. Over the last five years, consumption remains relatively stable which indicates that any prerequisites for sharp growth of the demand aren’t currently expected.

Consumption by Country

The country with the largest volume of tea consumption was the UK (104K tonnes), accounting for 48% of total volume. Moreover, tea consumption in the UK exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest consumer, Germany (27K tonnes), fourfold. Poland (15K tonnes) ranked third in terms of total consumption with a 7% share.

In the UK, tea consumption contracted by an average annual rate of -1.5% over the period from 2013-2019. The remaining consuming countries recorded the following average annual rates of consumption growth: Germany (+0.7% per year) and Poland (+0.7% per year).

The countries with the highest levels of tea per capita consumption in 2019 were Ireland (2,314 kg per 1000 persons), the UK (1,540 kg per 1000 persons) and the Netherlands (536 kg per 1000 persons).

Imports in the EU

Tea imports reduced modestly to 311K tonnes in 2019, with a decrease of -3.5% against 2018 figures. In general, imports recorded a mild decline. Over the period under review, imports hit record highs at 344K tonnes in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2019, imports remained at a lower figure. In value terms, tea imports fell to $1.5B (IndexBox estimates) in 2019.

Imports by Country

In 2019, the UK (123K tonnes) represented the key importer of tea, creating the demand for approx. 40% of total imports. Germany (50K tonnes) occupied the second position in the ranking, followed by Poland (38K tonnes), the Netherlands (17K tonnes), France (17K tonnes) and Belgium (14K tonnes). All these countries together occupied approx. 44% share of total imports. Ireland (12K tonnes) held a minor share of total imports.

Imports in the UK decreased at an average annual rate of -1.8% from 2013 to 2019. At the same time, Ireland (+7.7%) and Poland (+2.5%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Ireland emerged as the fastest-growing importer imported in the European Union, with a CAGR of +7.7% from 2013-2019. By contrast, France (-1.5%), Germany (-1.6%), Belgium (-3.5%) and the Netherlands (-11.7%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period.

In value terms, the largest tea importing markets in the European Union were the UK ($356M), Germany ($228M) and France ($167M), with a combined 51% share of total imports. These countries were followed by the Netherlands, Poland, Belgium and Ireland, which together accounted for a further 26%.

Import Prices by Country

The tea import price in the European Union stood at $4,701 per tonne in 2019, remaining constant against the previous year. Over the period under review, the import price, however, saw a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2017 an increase of 7.1% year-to-year. Over the period under review, import prices hit record highs at $4,754 per tonne in 2018, and then reduced slightly in the following year.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was France ($9,624 per tonne), while the UK ($2,890 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by the Netherlands, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

soft drink

The Soft Drink Market in Asia-Pacific Reached Near $200B, Posting Solid Gains Over the Third Year In a Row

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘Asia-Pacific – Soft Drinks – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2019, the Asia-Pacific soft drink market increased by 3.7% to $198.2B, rising for the third year in a row after three years of decline. In general, consumption showed a relatively flat trend pattern. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2017 when the market value increased by 7% y-o-y. Over the period under review, the market hit record highs at $209.1B in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2019, consumption failed to regain the momentum.

Consumption by Country

The country with the largest volume of soft drink consumption was China (89M tonnes), accounting for 42% of the total volume. Moreover, soft drink consumption in China exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest consumer, India (28M tonnes), threefold. The third position in this ranking was occupied by Indonesia (16M tonnes), with a 7.4% share.

From 2013 to 2019, the average annual growth rate of volume in China was relatively modest. In other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: India (+1.2% per year) and Indonesia (-1.7% per year).

In value terms, China ($83.2B) led the market, alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by India ($26.6B). It was followed by Indonesia.

The countries with the highest levels of soft drink per capita consumption in 2019 were Japan (116 kg per person), Pakistan (62 kg per person) and China (61 kg per person).

From 2013 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Japan, while soft drink per capita consumption for the other leaders experienced a decline in the per capita consumption figures.

Production in Asia-Pacific

After two years of growth, the production of soft drinks decreased by -0.3% to 213M tonnes in 2019. Overall, production saw a relatively flat trend pattern.

The country with the largest volume of soft drink production was China (89M tonnes), comprising approx. 42% of total volume. Moreover, soft drink production in China exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest producer, India (28M tonnes), threefold. Indonesia (16M tonnes) ranked third in terms of total production with a 7.3% share.

In China, soft drink production remained relatively stable over the period from 2013-2019. In other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: India (+1.1% per year) and Indonesia (-1.7% per year).

Imports in Asia-Pacific

In 2019, the amount of soft drinks imported in Asia-Pacific expanded notably to 2.7M tonnes, increasing by 5.7% compared with the previous year. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +4.9% over the period from 2013 to 2019; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. The volume of imports peaked in 2019 and is likely to see gradual growth in the immediate term. In value terms, soft drink imports expanded markedly to $3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2019.

Imports by Country

China (448K tonnes), Singapore (369K tonnes) and Hong Kong SAR (285K tonnes) represented roughly 40% of total imports of soft drinks in 2019. It was distantly followed by Australia (183K tonnes), Viet Nam (180K tonnes), India (178K tonnes) and Myanmar (143K tonnes), together generating a 25% share of total imports. Lao People’s Democratic Republic (104K tonnes), Japan (100K tonnes), Indonesia (98K tonnes), New Zealand (84K tonnes) and Cambodia (77K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of purchases, amongst the leading importing countries, was attained by Lao People’s Democratic Republic (+58.1% per year), while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, China ($635M) constitutes the largest market for imported soft drinks in Asia-Pacific, comprising 21% of total imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Hong Kong SAR ($297M), with a 9.8% share of total imports. It was followed by Australia, with a 8.9% share.

Import Prices by Country

The soft drink import price in Asia-Pacific stood at $1,105 per tonne in 2019, surging by 3% against the previous year. Over the last six-year period, it increased at an average annual rate of +2.4%. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2017 when the import price increased by 31% against the previous year. As a result, import price attained the peak level of $1,260 per tonne. From 2018 to 2019, the growth in terms of the import prices remained at a somewhat lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2019, the country with the highest price was Japan ($2,143 per tonne), while Singapore ($683 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Cambodia, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

electric

The Global Electric Generator Market to Seek New Balance Between the Pandemic, Cheaper Oil, And the Demand for Alternative Energy

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Electric Generating Sets And Rotary Converters – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The Increased Demand for Autonomous Electricity Supply for Business, Industrial Facilities, and IT Infrastructure Buoys Electric Generator Market

In 2019, the global market for electric generating sets and rotary converters was finally on the rise to reach $58.4B after two years of decline. Electric generating sets and rotary converters are equipment that is used for primary power generation and also serves as backup power supplies for infrastructure and residential buildings.

The key factors in the demand for generators are the growing demand for electricity, insufficient electrical infrastructure, especially in areas far from large cities, the need to provide a guaranteed power supply with a stable voltage, as well as backup power to important infrastructure facilities (hospitals, government agencies, business centers, airports, train stations, etc.) and technical equipment (communication towers, data centers, industrial enterprises, etc.).

In value terms, the largest electric generating set and rotary converter markets worldwide were the UK ($3.1B), China ($2.8B), and Russia ($2B), together comprising 14% of the global market (IndexBox estimates). Brazil, the U.S., India, Indonesia, Turkey, Japan, Nigeria, South Korea, and Angola lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 15%. The leadership of the UK in value terms is largely attributed to the high demand for wind generators in the country – such units are large, rather expensive, and their quantity is much less than, for example, portable gasoline generators.

In 2019, the highest levels of per capita consumption of electric generating sets and rotary converters were registered in Angola (30 units per 1000 persons), followed by South Korea (8.23 units per 1000 persons), Japan (7.40 units per 1000 persons), and Russia (6.79 units per 1000 persons), while the world average per capita consumption of electric generating set and rotary converter was estimated at 2.92 units per 1000 persons.

Since industrial and other high capacity generators constitute expensive equipment, their installation and use correspond with capital investments against the background of the general growth of industry and trade. The dynamics of construction also directly affects the generator market: business centers, retail outlets, infrastructure, and social facilities are increasingly being equipped with backup generator sets, while residential construction is driving the demand for portable generators for private homes, which are usually purchased in case of power outages.

Another fundamental factor of market growth is the growth of the IT sector, as well as the telecommunications sector: the coverage of the countries of the world with wireless networks and mobile Internet is increasing, the infrastructure for which requires a stable power supply.

The development of electric transport (especially electric vehicles) will require the creation of a large-scale network of charging stations, which may increase the demand for generators (local generators can become auxiliary or even the main sources of energy for charging stations in hard-to-reach areas).

The Pandemic Hampers Business Investment But Promotes the Equipment of Medical Facilities and the Demand for Portable Generators

In view of the above, the dynamics of the electric generating sets and rotary converters market as a whole reflects the overall GDP growth. In early 2020, the global economy entered a period of the crisis caused by the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. In order to battle the spread of the virus, most countries in the world implemented quarantine measures that put on halt production and transport activity.

The combination of those factors disrupts economic growth heavily throughout the world. According to World Bank forecasts, despite the gradual relaxing of restrictive measures and unprecedented government support in countries that faced the pandemic in early 2020, the annual decline of global GDP could amount to -5.2%, which is the deepest global recession being seen over the past eight decades.

In Asian countries, especially China, which faced the pandemic earlier than others, the epidemic situation improved earlier, with the quarantine measures largely relaxed, and the economy is gradually recovering from the forced outage. Thus, in China, by the end of 2020, an increase of 1% is expected (while a year earlier it was 6.1%), and in general in Southeast Asia in 2020, an increase of 0.5% is expected. In the medium term, it is assumed that the economy will gradually recover over several years as the restrictions are finally lifted. The U.S., meanwhile, is struggling with a drastic short-term recession, with the expected contraction of GDP of approx. -6.1% in 2020, as the hit of the pandemic was harder than expected, and unemployment soared due to the shutdown and social isolation.

The industrial sector has proven vulnerable to the pandemic as due to quarantine measures, industrial facilities may be stopped, and the drop in incomes of the population makes the growth of end markets unfeasible, thereby hampering any expansion of the industrial manufacturing. Thus, the above economic prerequisites will have a negative impact on the establishment of new industrial facilities and put a drag on market recovery.

On the other hand, measures to mobilize the medical system and equip temporary COVID hospitals required the use of a large number of generators. At the same time, in the second half of 2020, the effect of this factor may fade out against the background of the gradual weakening of the pandemic and the removal of social isolation.

In the wind energy segment, which comprises the global exports of $6.1B in 2019, an additional factor is also favorable government policy worldwide. Increased attention to environmental issues and the political goal of reducing the “carbon load” will increase the demand for generators on alternative energy sources, in particular, for wind turbines.

As for portable generators, the additional demand could be found in those countries with a lack of stale centralized electricity supply e.g., in many African countries. Furthermore, lower oil prices as a result of reduced demand and oversupply amid the pandemic are making oil and gas more affordable. Consequently, the cost of electricity that is generated by the fossil-fuel-based equipment is reduced, which contributes to the growth of the use for electric generating sets and rotary converters. The increasing social anxiety, as well as the continuing threat of isolation due to the virus, could lead to the purchase of portable generators for future use in case of power outages in emergency situations.

Taking into account the above, it is expected that in 2020 and the next few years, global consumption of electric generating sets and rotary converters should decline somewhat against 2019. In the medium term, as the global economy recovers from the effects of the pandemic, the market is expected to grow gradually. Overall, market performance is forecast to pursue a slightly upward trend over the next decade, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +0.9% for the period from 2019 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 25M units (IndexBox estimates) by the end of 2030.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

broccoli

Mexican Cauliflower And Broccoli Growers Enjoy Rising Demand in the U.S., the Fastest-Growing Importer

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Cauliflower And Broccoli – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The global cauliflower and broccoli market expanded slightly to $23.1B in 2019, surging by 4.2% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

The market value increased at an average annual rate of +4.6% from 2013 to 2019; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. Over the period under review, the global market attained the peak level in 2019 and is likely to see steady growth in the near future.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of cauliflower and broccoli consumption in 2019 were China (11M tonnes), India (9.2M tonnes) and the U.S. (1.2M tonnes), with a combined 78% share of global consumption. These countries were followed by Mexico, which accounted for a further 1.9%.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of cauliflower and broccoli consumption, amongst the leading consuming countries, was attained by Mexico, while cauliflower and broccoli consumption for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest cauliflower and broccoli markets worldwide were China ($9B), India ($6B) and the U.S. ($1.6B), with a combined 72% share of the global market. Mexico lagged somewhat behind, comprising a further 2.6%.

The countries with the highest levels of cauliflower and broccoli per capita consumption in 2019 were China (7.45 kg per person), India (6.68 kg per person) and Mexico (3.81 kg per person).

Production

For the seventh consecutive year, the global market recorded growth in production of cauliflower and broccoli, which increased by 3.2% to 27M tonnes in 2019. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.6% over the period from 2013 to 2019; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being observed throughout the analyzed period. The generally positive trend in terms output was largely conditioned by perceptible growth of the harvested area and a relatively flat trend pattern in yield figures.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of cauliflower and broccoli production in 2019 were China (11M tonnes), India (9.2M tonnes) and the U.S. (1.2M tonnes), with a combined 78% share of global production. Mexico and Spain lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 5.6%.

From 2013 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Mexico, while cauliflower and broccoli production for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Harvested Area and Yield

In 2019, approx. 1.5M ha of cauliflower and broccoli were harvested worldwide; growing by 2.9% in 2018. The harvested area increased at an average annual rate of +2.7% from 2013 to 2019; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations in certain years. The global average cauliflower and broccoli yield was estimated at 19 tonnes per ha in 2019, stabilizing at the previous year.

Exports

In 2019, global exports of cauliflower and broccoli rose modestly to 1.3M tonnes, increasing by 2.4% on the year before. The total export volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.2% over the period from 2013 to 2019; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with only minor fluctuations being recorded in certain years. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2017 when exports increased by 6.3% y-o-y. As a result, exports attained a peak of 1.4M tonnes. From 2018 to 2019, the growth of global exports remained at a lower figure. In value terms, cauliflower and broccoli exports expanded notably to $1.5B (IndexBox estimates) in 2019.

Exports by Country

Spain (385K tonnes) and Mexico (286K tonnes) represented roughly 51% of total exports of cauliflower and broccoli in 2019. They were distantly followed by the U.S. (120K tonnes), France (118K tonnes), China (87K tonnes) and Italy (72K tonnes), together creating a 30% share of total exports. The Netherlands (42K tonnes) took a minor share of total exports.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of shipments, amongst the key exporting countries, was attained by Mexico, while exports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth. Exports from Mexico increased tangibly from 2016-2019, driven by rising demand in the U.S.

In value terms, Spain ($480M), Mexico ($360M) and the U.S. ($167M) were the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2019, with a combined 66% share of global exports.

Among the main exporting countries, Mexico recorded the highest rates of growth with regard to the value of exports, over the period under review, while shipments for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Export Prices by Country

In 2019, the average cauliflower and broccoli export price amounted to $1,154 per tonne, with an increase of 4.8% against the previous year. Over the last six-year period, it increased at an average annual rate of +1.4%. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2016 an increase of 7.1% y-o-y. The global export price peaked in 2019 and is expected to retain growth in the near future.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2019, the country with the highest price was the Netherlands ($1,450 per tonne), while China ($825 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Mexico, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

cabbage

Portugal and Spain Emerge as the Fastest-Growing Exporters in the European Cabbage Market

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Cabbage And Other Brassicas – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The EU cabbage market rose significantly to $3.1B in 2019, increasing by 7.7% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). In general, consumption saw a relatively flat trend pattern. The level of consumption peaked at $3.1B in 2013; afterward, it flattened through to 2019.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of cabbage consumption in 2019 were Romania (1.1M tonnes), Poland (924K tonnes), and Germany (693K tonnes), with a combined 59% share of total consumption. These countries were followed by the UK, Italy, France, Spain, Belgium, Portugal, Greece, Austria, and the Czech Republic, which together accounted for a further 28%.

From 2013 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Spain, while cabbage consumption for the other leaders experienced mixed trends in the consumption figures.

In value terms, Poland ($510M), Germany ($438M) and Romania ($425M) constituted the countries with the highest levels of market value in 2019, together accounting for 45% of the total market.

In 2019, the highest levels of cabbage per capita consumption was registered in Romania (57 kg per person), followed by Poland (24 kg per person), Portugal (10 kg per person) and Belgium (9.60 kg per person), while the world average per capita consumption of cabbage was estimated at 9 kg per person.

Production in the EU

In 2019, the production of cabbage and other brassicas decreased by -1.3% to 4.6M tonnes, falling for the second year in a row after two years of growth. In general, production showed a mild curtailment. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2014 with an increase of 4.2% y-o-y. As a result, production reached a peak volume of 5.3M tonnes. From 2015 to 2019, production growth remained at a somewhat lower figure. The general negative trend in terms output was largely conditioned by a mild decline of the harvested area and a relatively flat trend pattern in yield figures.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of cabbage production in 2019 were Romania (1.1M tonnes), Poland (955K tonnes), and Germany (591K tonnes), with a combined 58% share of total production. Italy, the UK, Spain, the Netherlands, France, Portugal, Belgium, and Greece lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 31%.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of cabbage production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Spain, while cabbage production for the other leaders experienced a decline in the production figures.

Harvested Area and Yield in the EU

The cabbage harvested area fell to 156K ha in 2019, standing approx. the year before. In general, the harvested area showed a mild descent. The level of harvested area peaked at 166K ha in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2019, it remained at a lower figure.

The average cabbage yield amounted to 29 tonnes per ha in 2019, almost unchanged from the year before. In general, the yield, however, recorded a relatively flat trend pattern.

Exports in the EU

In 2019, the amount of cabbage and other brassicas exported in the European Union expanded slightly to 656K tonnes, growing by 2.5% compared with 2018 figures. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2014 when exports increased by 7.1% y-o-y. As a result, exports attained the peak of 743K tonnes. From 2015 to 2019, the growth exports remained at a somewhat lower figure. In value terms, cabbage exports expanded sharply to $613M (IndexBox estimates) in 2019.

Exports by Country

The Netherlands represented the major exporting country with an export of around 210K tonnes, which reached 32% of total exports. Spain (99K tonnes) occupied a 15% share (based on tonnes) of total exports, which put it in second place, followed by Germany (12%), Italy (11%), Poland (8.9%), Belgium (7.3%) and Portugal (5.3%).

The Netherlands experienced a relatively flat trend pattern with regard to the volume of exports of cabbage and other brassicas. At the same time, Portugal (+9.0%), Spain (+6.2%), Belgium (+3.9%), and Italy (+3.3%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Portugal emerged as the fastest-growing cabbage exporter in the European Union, with a CAGR of +9.0% from 2013-2019. By contrast, Germany (-2.4%) and Poland (-13.2%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period.

In value terms, the Netherlands ($224M) remains the largest cabbage supplier in the European Union, comprising 37% of total exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Spain ($107M), with a 17% share of total exports. It was followed by Italy, with a 15% share.

Export Prices by Country

The cabbage export price in the European Union stood at $934 per tonne in 2019, rising by 9.5% against the previous year. Over the period from 2013 to 2019, it increased at an average annual rate of +3.4%. As a result, export price attained the peak level and is likely to continue growing in the immediate term.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was Italy ($1,321 per tonne), while Poland ($609 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Germany, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

cheese

Global Cheese Market Hit Record Highs But Is to Lose Momentum Against the Pandemic

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Cheese – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2019, the global cheese market increased by 2.3% to $114.1B, rising for the third year in a row after two years of decline. The market value increased at an average annual rate of +1.1% over the period from 2013 to 2019; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations in certain years. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2017 when the market value increased by 7.1% year-to-year. Over the period under review, the global market reached its maximum level in 2019.

Taking into account the closure of the HoReCa sector worldwide due to the pandemic, a decrease in consumer incomes and possible disruptions in the work of international supply chains, global cheese consumption is expected to stagnate in 2020. Afterward, the start of gradual market growth is expected as the global economy recovers from the effects of the pandemic. The market is forecast to expand with an anticipated CAGR +0.6% for the period from 2019 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 27M tonnes by the end of 2030.

Consumption by Country

The U.S. (6.1M tonnes) remains the largest cheese consuming country worldwide, accounting for 24% of total volume. Moreover, cheese consumption in the U.S. exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest consumer, Germany (3M tonnes), twofold. The third position in this ranking was occupied by France (1.6M tonnes), with a 6.4% share.

From 2013 to 2019, the average annual rate of growth in terms of volume in the U.S. totaled +2.5%. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Germany (+4.4% per year) and France (+1.3% per year).

In value terms, the U.S. ($25.9B) led the market, alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Germany ($11.2B). It was followed by Italy.

The countries with the highest levels of cheese per capita consumption in 2019 were the Czech Republic (64 kg per person), Germany (37 kg per person) and France (25 kg per person).

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of cheese per capita consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by the Czech Republic, while cheese per capita consumption for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Market Forecast 2019-2025

Driven by increasing demand for cheese worldwide, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to retain its current trend pattern, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +1.8% for the period from 2019 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 31M tonnes by the end of 2030.

Production

In 2019, the amount of cheese produced worldwide rose slightly to 26M tonnes, picking up by 2.6% on the year before. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.6% from 2013 to 2019; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations in certain years.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of cheese production in 2019 were the U.S. (6.3M tonnes), Germany (3.5M tonnes) and France (1.9M tonnes), with a combined 46% share of global production. These countries were followed by Italy, Poland, the Netherlands, Argentina, Russia, the Czech Republic, Egypt, the UK and Canada, which together accounted for a further 26%.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of cheese production, amongst the key producing countries, was attained by the Czech Republic, while cheese production for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports

In 2019, approx. 7.1M tonnes of cheese were imported worldwide; rising by 3.5% against 2018. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.7% over the period from 2013 to 2019; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2018 with an increase of 4.2% against the previous year. Over the period under review, global imports attained the peak figure in 2019 and are expected to retain growth in the near future. In value terms, cheese imports rose to $32.3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2019.

Imports by Country

In 2019, Germany (778K tonnes), Italy (536K tonnes), the UK (495K tonnes), the Netherlands (390K tonnes), France (377K tonnes), Belgium (341K tonnes), Spain (310K tonnes), Japan (303K tonnes) and Russia (284K tonnes) represented the major importer of cheese in the world, mixing up 54% of total import. The U.S. (180K tonnes), Saudi Arabia (148K tonnes) and Greece (135K tonnes) took a relatively small share of total imports.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of purchases, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by the Netherlands, while imports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Germany ($4.2B) constitutes the largest market for imported cheese worldwide, comprising 13% of global imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by the UK ($2.1B), with a 6.5% share of global imports. It was followed by Italy, with a 6.3% share.

Import Prices by Country

The average cheese import price stood at $4,532 per tonne in 2019, falling by -1.6% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the import price showed a noticeable descent. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2017 when the average import price increased by 11% year-to-year. Over the period under review, average import prices attained the peak figure at $5,303 per tonne in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2019, import prices failed to regain the momentum.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was the U.S. ($7,560 per tonne), while Saudi Arabia ($3,362 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Japan, while the other global leaders experienced a decline in the import price figures.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

lemon juice

The Pandemic Hampers the Growth of the Global Concentrated Lemon Juice Market

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Concentrated Lemon And Other Citrus Fruit Juice – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

Only a Slight Growth of the Global Concentrated Lemon Juice Market is Expected, As The Pandemic Hit Major Importing Countries

The value of the global concentrated lemon and other citrus fruit juice (excl. orange and grapefruit juice) market stood at approx. $647M in 2019, declining by -6.0% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

In physical terms, global concentrated lemon and other citrus fruit juice consumption also declined slightly the last year, amounting to 258K tonnes in 2019. From 2015-2018, the market increased steadily, but in 2019 the growth lost its momentum due to a slight decrease in the lemon harvest in Argentina, which remains the largest lemon juice producing country.

The countries with the highest volumes of consumption of concentrated lemon and other citrus fruit juice in 2019 were the U.S. (31K tonnes), Argentina (16K tonnes) and Japan (15K tonnes), with a combined 24% share of global consumption (IndexBox estimates). These countries were followed by Canada, Spain, Germany, China, India, Peru, France, Brazil and Mexico, which together accounted for a further 38%.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of consumption of concentrated lemon and other citrus fruit juice, amongst the key consuming countries, was attained by Spain, while consumption of concentrated lemon and other citrus fruit juice for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest concentrated lemon and other citrus fruit juice markets worldwide were the U.S. ($79M), Japan ($56M) and Argentina ($47M), with a combined 28% share of the global market. These countries were followed by Germany, Spain, China, Canada, France, Brazil, India, Mexico and Peru, which together accounted for a further 37%.

The countries with the highest levels of concentrated lemon and other citrus fruit juice per capita consumption in 2019 were Canada (371 kg per 1000 persons), Argentina (354 kg per 1000 persons) and Peru (298 kg per 1000 persons).

Concentrated lemon juice is a well-known product in South America and in Southern Europe, as well as, being imported, in the U.S., Canada, and across Western Europe. By contrast, in Southern and South-Eastern Asia, the market is relatively underdeveloped; however, China emerges as the fastest-growing lemon juice importer – rapid urbanization and the rising popularity of the western-style cuisine drive the use of lemon juice here.

Apart from the other types of juices which are largely consumed as a beverage, concentrated lemon juice is used as an ingredient in various recipes in baking, grilling, and as an ingredient in marinades and salad dressings, in cocktails, hot tea, lemonade, and hot lemonade. It also may have some non-food applications like home deodorization and cleaning. Therefore, population growth remains a fundamental market driver, combined with increases in disposable income, which in turn will contribute to enhanced consumer spending.

The major downside risk for market growth comes from the possible contraction of incomes due to the COVID pandemic. In the context of falling incomes, consumers primarily tend to exclude non-staple goods from purchases, which include concentrated lemon and other citrus fruit juice.

Concentrated lemon and other citrus fruit juice is a widely traded commodity, with the share of exports in total global output increased from near 72% in 2007 to about 86% in 2019 (IndexBox estimates). This is conditioned by the rising demand for tropical and citrus fruit juices in those countries that don’t grow many lemons like the U.S., Europe, and Canada, on the one hand, and Argentina’s (together with some other countries) specialization in lemons, on the other hand.

The largest concentrated lemon and other citrus fruit juice importing markets worldwide were the U.S. ($102M), the Netherlands ($87M), and Japan ($63M), with a combined 40% share of global imports. Germany, France, Spain, Canada, Italy, the UK, China, Israel, and Belgium lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 37%. The hit of the pandemic in the U.S. and Europe was severe, which leads to a dramatic drop in terms of GDP and consumer spending. This is to affect the consumption of concentrated lemon juice which is largely supplied by imports.

In Latin America, the impact of the crisis on domestic demand should be less significant because concentrated lemon and other citrus fruits and concentrated lemon and other citrus fruit juice are available locally. However, the concentrated lemon and other citrus fruit industry in large producing countries (Argentina, Brazil, Mexico) are largely export-oriented, therefore, the decrease in demand in Western countries can damage local producers and cause further disruption of supply chains.

Accordingly, the market is expected to decrease somewhat in 2020 and then to start recovering gradually. Over the next decade, the market is expected to grow modestly, with an anticipated CAGR of +0.3% for the period from 2019 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 265K tonnes by the end of 2030.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

barley

Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Jordan Import the Most Barley in the Middle East

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘Middle East – Barley – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2019, the Middle Eastern barley market increased by 8.4% to $5B, rising for the second consecutive year after four years of decline. Overall, consumption recorded a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2013 when the market value increased by 16% y-o-y. As a result, consumption reached a peak level of $7.6B. From 2014 to 2019, the growth of the market failed to regain momentum.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of barley consumption in 2019 were Turkey (7.5M tonnes), Iran (5.3M tonnes), and Saudi Arabia (4.2M tonnes), together comprising 82% of total consumption. These countries were followed by Jordan, Kuwait, Iraq, and the Syrian Arab Republic, which together accounted for a further 12%.

From 2007 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Kuwait, while barley consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Turkey ($1.9B), Iran ($1.2B), and Saudi Arabia ($998M) were the countries with the highest levels of market value in 2019, together accounting for 82% of the total market. Jordan, Kuwait, Iraq, and the Syrian Arab Republic lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 12%.

The countries with the highest levels of barley per capita consumption in 2019 were Kuwait (140 kg per person), Saudi Arabia (121 kg per person), and Turkey (91 kg per person).

Production in the Middle East

Barley production shrank modestly to 11M tonnes in 2019, approximately reflecting 2018. Over the period under review, production saw a relatively flat trend pattern.

Turkey (7M tonnes) remains the largest barley producing country in the Middle East, accounting for 65% of total volume. Moreover, barley production in Turkey exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest producer, Iran (2.8M tonnes), threefold. Iraq (557K tonnes) ranked third in terms of total production with a 5.2% share.

In Turkey, barley production remained relatively stable over the period from 2007-2019. In other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Iran (-0.9% per year) and Iraq (-2.4% per year).

Harvested Area and Yield in the Middle East

In 2019, approx. 6.1M ha of barley were harvested in the Middle East; waning by -1.6% against the previous year. In general, the harvested area recorded a mild contraction.

In 2019, the average yield of barley in the Middle East totaled 1.8 tonnes per ha, stabilizing at the previous year’s figure. Over the period under review, the barley yield reached the peak level at 2 tonnes per ha in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2019, the yield remained at a lower figure.

Imports in the Middle East

After two years of growth, supplies from abroad of barley decreased by -2.8% to 10M tonnes in 2019. Overall, imports, however, showed a relatively flat trend pattern.Over the period under review, imports hit record highs at 13M tonnes in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2019, imports stood at a somewhat lower figure. In value terms, barley imports totaled $2.3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2019.

Imports by Country

Saudi Arabia was the main importing country with an import of about 4.2M tonnes, which amounted to 42% of total imports. It was distantly followed by Iran (2.6M tonnes), Jordan (0.9M tonnes), Kuwait (0.6M tonnes), and Turkey (0.6M tonnes), together committing a 46% share of total imports. The following importers – the United Arab Emirates (383K tonnes) and Israel (359K tonnes) – each comprised a 7.4% share of total imports.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of purchases, amongst the key importing countries, was attained by Iran, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Saudi Arabia ($966M), Iran ($546M), and Jordan ($213M) constituted the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2019, together accounting for 74% of total imports.

Import Prices by Country

In 2019, the barley import price in the Middle East amounted to $231 per tonne, increasing by 6.4% against the previous year. In general, the import price, however, showed a perceptible downturn. Over the period under review, import prices reached the maximum at $307 per tonne in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2019, import prices remained at a lower figure.

Average prices varied noticeably amongst the major importing countries. In 2019, major importing countries recorded the following prices: in Jordan ($248 per tonne) and Kuwait ($231 per tonne), while Israel ($209 per tonne) and Iran ($213 per tonne) were amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Iran, while the other leaders experienced a decline in the import price figures.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform