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The American Hardwood Veneer and Plywood Market: Vietnam Replaces China as Top Foreign Supplier

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The American Hardwood Veneer and Plywood Market: Vietnam Replaces China as Top Foreign Supplier

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘U.S. Hardwood veneer and plywood Market. Analysis And Forecast to 2025’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The American Hardwood Veneer and Plywood Market is to Languish on the Backdrop of the Pandemic

The hardwood veneer and plywood market in the U.S. stood at $4.9B in 2019 (IndexBox estimates), which was  -9.1% less than the year before. This figure reflects the total revenue of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, taxes, and tariffs, which will be included in the final consumer price). Over the last five years, it increased gradually, driven by rising construction.

In physical terms, the market volume reached approx. 6.9M cubic meters, declining by -3.3%. The decrease in market volume was caused, on the one hand, by the slowdown in the U.S. economy in 2019, and, on the other hand, by a sharp drop in the volume of imports from China due to the introduction of anti-dumping duties, which could not be immediately replenished by domestic producers and suppliers from other countries.

Plywood is one of the basic materials widely used in construction, and, to a lesser extent, in industry. Therefore, the key factor determining the development of the plywood market is the dynamics of construction, which, in a broader context, reflects the overall GDP growth.

According to the World Bank outlook from January 2020, the U.S. economy was expected to slow down to +1.7% per year in the medium term, hampered by increasing global uncertainty, trade war, and slower global growth. The number of building permits increased steadily, with single-family premises posting the most prominent growth. Those factors were driving the market over the period under review and were assumed to remain in the medium term.

In early 2020, however, the global economy entered a period of the crisis caused by the COVID-19 epidemic, due to which most countries in the world put on halt production and transport activity. The result will be a drop in GDP relative to previous years and an unprecedented decline in oil prices.

The U.S. is struggling with a drastic short-term recession, with the expected contraction of GDP of approx. -6.1% in 2020, as the hit of the pandemic was harder than expected, and unemployment soared due to the shutdown and social isolation. The construction sector has proven extremely vulnerable to the pandemic as due to quarantine measures, construction projects were paused, and the drop in incomes of the population makes mortgage loans less affordable.

In the medium term, should the pandemic outbreak end in the second half of 2020, the economy is to start recovering in 2021 and then return to the market trend of the gradual growth, driven by the fundamentals existed before 2020 and boosted by support measures imposed by the government.

Taking into account the above, it is expected that in 2020, the consumption of plywood will drop by approx. 6%. In the medium term, as the economy recovers from the effects of the pandemic, the market is expected to grow gradually, with an anticipated CAGR of +0.2% for the period from 2019 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 7B cubic meters by the end of 2030.

The U.S. Hardwood Veneer and Plywood Market Remains Dependent on Imports

In 2019, the production of hardwood veneer and plywood decreased by -2.3% to 4.5M cubic meters, falling for the second year in a row after five years of growth. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +4.7% over the period from 2013 to 2019; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years.

Over the period under review, the share of imports in terms of total hardwood veneer and plywood consumption in the U.S. decreased from 52% in 2007 to 44% in 2019 (based on physical terms). It means that the U.S. hardwood veneer and plywood market is still largely supplied by foreign manufacturers. The market position of domestic producers may improve further as the anti-dumping tariffs were imposed against plywood from China. This, however, is disputed by American furniture producers who relied on the imports of cheap raw materials. Anyway, some other countries like Viet Nam and Cambodia, and, to a lesser extent, Brazil, Spain, Canada, and Russia, benefit from the counter-China trade measures, increasing their supplies to the U.S. market to fill the market gap.

Viet Nam Emerged as the Largest Hardwood Veneer and Plywood Supplier to the U.S. After the Chinese Products Were Kicked Out

The volume of hardwood veneer and plywood imports in the U.S. totaled 2.8M cubic meters (IndexBox estimates) in 2019, decreasing significantly for the second consecutive year. As mentioned above, the decrease is caused by a deep slump in supplies from China which has not yet been compensated by other supplying countries. In value terms, it amounted to $1.7B in 2019.

In terms of supplying countries, Viet Nam (555K cubic meters), Indonesia (441K cubic meters), Russia (432K cubic meters), and Canada (411K cubic meters) were the main suppliers of hardwood veneer and plywood imports to the U.S., together accounting for 62% of total imports. Imports from Viet Nam soared over 2018-2019, filling a gap that appeared on the market after the Chinese plywood been pushed off. Imports from Brazil, Cambodia, and Spain also increased due to the same reason.

In value terms, the largest hardwood veneer and plywood suppliers to the U.S. were Viet Nam ($362M), China ($340M), and Canada ($302M), with a combined 45% share of total imports. These countries were followed by Indonesia, Russia, Cambodia, Malaysia, Spain, Brazil, Ecuador, Italy, and Uruguay, which together accounted for a further 43%.

The average hardwood veneer and plywood import price stood at $742 per cubic meter in 2019, with a decrease of -11.6% against the previous year. Over the period from 2013 to 2019, it increased at an average annual rate of +2.0%. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2018 when the average import price increased by 19% year-to-year. As a result, import price reached the peak level of $839 per cubic meter and then declined in the following year.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was Cambodia ($1,310 per cubic meter), while the price for Uruguay ($285 per cubic meter) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by China, while the prices for the other major suppliers experienced more modest paces of growth.

Companies Mentioned in the Report

Columbia Forest Products, Smith Family Companies, Veneer Technologies, States Industries, Decorative Panels International, Mt. Baker Products, Rutland Plywood Corp., The Freeman Corporation, Marion Plywood Corporation, David R. Webb Company, Nmsa, International Timber and Veneer, Miller Veneers, Amos-Hill Associates, Swaner Hardwood Co., Manthei, Murphy Company, Ferche Millwork, Standard Plywoods Incorporated, Swanson Group Mfg., Coldwater Veneer, Birchwood Lumber & Veneer Co., Plycraft Industries, Bessemer Plywood Corp., Davis Wood Products, Timber Products Michigan Limited Partnership, Danzer Services, Northern Michigan Veneers, Columbia Plywood Corporation, Plum Creek Northwest Plywood, Coastal Plywood Company, Ivc USA Inc.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

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Plywood Market in the Middle East is Set to Expand Robustly

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘Middle East – Plywood – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the plywood market in the Middle East amounted to $1.4B in 2018, increasing by 1.9% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). The total market indicated a remarkable expansion from 2007 to 2018: its value increased at an average annual rate of +4.1% over the last eleven-year period. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of plywood consumption in 2018 were the United Arab Emirates (726K cubic meters), Saudi Arabia (648K cubic meters) and Qatar (394K cubic meters), together comprising 51% of total consumption. Israel, Turkey, Iraq and Oman lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 30%.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of plywood consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Oman, while plywood consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest plywood markets in the Middle East were the United Arab Emirates ($260M), Saudi Arabia ($233M) and Israel ($215M), together comprising 50% of the total market. Turkey, Qatar, Iraq and Oman lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 32%.

The countries with the highest levels of plywood per capita consumption in 2018 were Qatar (136 cubic meters per 1000 persons), the United Arab Emirates (71 cubic meters per 1000 persons) and Israel (43 cubic meters per 1000 persons).

Market Forecast to 2030

Driven by increasing demand for plywood in the Middle East, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to decelerate, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +2.8% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 4.8M cubic meters by the end of 2030.

Production in the Middle East

In 2018, approx. 263K cubic meters of plywood were produced in the Middle East; surging by 2.7% against the previous year. In general, plywood production, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010 with an increase of 5.1% against the previous year.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of plywood production in 2018 were Turkey (112K cubic meters), Israel (109K cubic meters) and Lebanon (34K cubic meters), together comprising 97% of total production.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of plywood production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Israel, while plywood production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Exports in the Middle East

In 2018, approx. 171K cubic meters of plywood were exported in the Middle East; increasing by 26% against the previous year. In general, plywood exports continue to indicate prominent growth. The volume of exports peaked at 180K cubic meters in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2018, exports stood at a somewhat lower figure. In value terms, plywood exports stood at $65M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

The United Arab Emirates (70K cubic meters) and Saudi Arabia (59K cubic meters) were the major exporters of plywood in 2018, reaching near 41% and 35% of total exports, respectively. Turkey (25K cubic meters) held a 14% share (based on tonnes) of total exports, which put it in second place, followed by Palestine (5.8%). Kuwait (2,719 cubic meters) occupied a little share of total exports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by Kuwait, while exports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the United Arab Emirates ($24M), Saudi Arabia ($18M) and Turkey ($13M) constituted the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2018, together comprising 83% of total exports.

Export Prices by Country

The plywood export price in the Middle East stood at $381 per cubic meter in 2018, declining by -4% against the previous year. Overall, the plywood export price continues to indicate a moderate contraction.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Palestine ($806 per cubic meter), while Kuwait ($223 per cubic meter) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Palestine, while the other leaders experienced a decline in the export price figures.

Imports in the Middle East

In 2018, approx. 3.3M cubic meters of plywood were imported in the Middle East; falling by -2.7% against the previous year. The total imports indicated a strong expansion from 2007 to 2018: its volume increased at an average annual rate of +4.6% over the last eleven years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2018 figures, plywood imports increased by +18.9% against 2016 indices. Over the period under review, plywood imports reached their peak figure at 3.4M cubic meters in 2017, and then declined slightly in the following year. In value terms, plywood imports totaled $1.3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

In 2018, the United Arab Emirates (796K cubic meters) and Saudi Arabia (707K cubic meters) were the largest importers of plywood in the Middle East, together comprising 45% of total imports. It was distantly followed by Qatar (395K cubic meters), Israel (255K cubic meters), Iraq (219K cubic meters), Oman (181K cubic meters), Turkey (175K cubic meters) and Kuwait (154K cubic meters), together comprising a 41% share of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Oman, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest plywood importing markets in the Middle East were the United Arab Emirates ($272M), Saudi Arabia ($250M) and Israel ($153M), with a combined 52% share of total imports. Qatar, Turkey, Iraq, Oman and Kuwait lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 33%.

Import Prices by Country

The plywood import price in the Middle East stood at $389 per cubic meter in 2018, picking up by 9% against the previous year. In general, the plywood import price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2011 when the import price increased by 26% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the import prices for plywood reached their maximum at $528 per cubic meter in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, import prices remained at a lower figure.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Israel ($597 per cubic meter), while Qatar ($292 per cubic meter) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Saudi Arabia, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

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Global Plywood Market 2019 – The Industry Desperately Needs New Growth Drivers

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Plywood – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The global plywood industry is currently affected by the US-China trade war and the slowdown of China’s economy. In 2018, its market size was estimated at $73.9B, surging by 2.6% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

Over the period under review, plywood consumption continues to indicate a buoyant increase. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2014 with an increase of 34% y-o-y. Over the period under review, the global plywood market reached its peak figure level at $93.9B in 2015; however, from 2016 to 2018, consumption remained at a lower figure.

Consumption By Country

China (101M cubic meters) remains the largest plywood consuming country worldwide, accounting for 64% of total consumption. Moreover, plywood consumption in China exceeded the figures recorded by the world’s second-largest consumer, the U.S. (16M cubic meters), sixfold. The third position in this ranking was occupied by Japan (6.2M cubic meters), with a 3.9% share.

In China, plywood consumption increased at an average annual rate of +9.7% over the period from 2007-2018. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: the U.S. (-0.4% per year) and Japan (+4.5% per year).

In value terms, China ($45.8B) led the market, alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by the U.S. ($7.3B). It was followed by Japan.

The countries with the highest levels of plywood per capita consumption in 2018 were Canada (71 cubic meters per 1000 persons), China (70 cubic meters per 1000 persons) and Japan (49 cubic meters per 1000 persons).

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of plywood per capita consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by China, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Production 2007-2018

In 2018, approx. 160M cubic meters of plywood were produced worldwide; approximately equating the previous year. Over the period under review, the total output indicated strong growth from 2007 to 2018: its volume increased at an average annual rate of +4.9% over the last eleven-year period. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2018 figures, plywood production decreased by -2.8% against 2016 indices. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2011 with an increase of 16% y-o-y. Over the period under review, global plywood production reached its peak figure volume at 165M cubic meters in 2016; however, from 2017 to 2018, production remained at a lower figure.

In value terms, plywood production amounted to $72.7B in 2018 estimated in export prices. Over the period under review, plywood production continues to indicate prominent growth. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2014 when production volume increased by 46% y-o-y. The global plywood production peaked at $101.4B in 2015; however, from 2016 to 2018, production failed to regain its momentum.

Production By Country

China (113M cubic meters) remains the largest plywood producing country worldwide, accounting for 71% of total production. Moreover, plywood production in China exceeded the figures recorded by the world’s second-largest producer, the U.S. (11M cubic meters), tenfold. The third position in this ranking was occupied by Russia (4M cubic meters), with a 2.5% share.

From 2007 to 2018, the average annual growth rate of volume in China totaled +8.8%. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: the U.S. (-0.7% per year) and Russia (+3.4% per year).

Exports 2007-2018

Global exports stood at 34M cubic meters in 2018, rising by 4.7% against the previous year. Over the period under review, plywood exports, however, continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2010 with an increase of 39% year-to-year. Over the period under review, global plywood exports attained their maximum at 34M cubic meters in 2007; however, from 2008 to 2018, exports stood at a somewhat lower figure.

In value terms, plywood exports amounted to $15.8B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. The total export value increased at an average annual rate of +2.0% from 2007 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010 when exports increased by 30% year-to-year. Over the period under review, global plywood exports reached their maximum at $16.5B in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, exports remained at a lower figure.

Exports by Country

In 2018, China (12M cubic meters) was the key exporter of plywood, creating 36% of total exports. It was distantly followed by Russia (3.6M cubic meters), Indonesia (2.8M cubic meters), Brazil (2.6M cubic meters) and Malaysia (2.2M cubic meters), together creating a 33% share of total exports. Finland (1.1M cubic meters), Chile (1.1M cubic meters), Viet Nam (735K cubic meters), the U.S. (699K cubic meters), Germany (628K cubic meters) and Canada (548K cubic meters) took a minor share of total exports.

Exports from China increased at an average annual rate of +3.7% from 2007 to 2018. At the same time, Viet Nam (+25.1%), the U.S. (+3.8%), Russia (+3.7%), Chile (+1.6%) and Germany (+1.4%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Viet Nam emerged as the fastest-growing exporter in the world, with a CAGR of +25.1% from 2007-2018. Canada and Finland experienced a relatively flat trend pattern. By contrast, Brazil (-1.9%), Indonesia (-2.6%) and Malaysia (-9.6%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. From 2007 to 2018, the share of China, Russia and Viet Nam increased by +12%, +3.4% and +2% percentage points, while Brazil (-1.8 p.p.), Indonesia (-2.7 p.p.) and Malaysia (-13.1 p.p.) saw their share reduced. The shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, China ($5.4B) remains the largest plywood supplier worldwide, comprising 34% of global exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Indonesia ($1.7B), with a 11% share of global exports. It was followed by Russia, with a 8.7% share.

In China, plywood exports increased at an average annual rate of +4.0% over the period from 2007-2018. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Indonesia (+1.4% per year) and Russia (+6.1% per year).

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average plywood export price amounted to $459 per cubic meter, rising by 1.9% against the previous year. Over the period from 2007 to 2018, it increased at an average annual rate of +2.1%. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2014 when the average export price increased by 19% y-o-y. In that year, the average export prices for plywood attained their peak level of $594 per cubic meter. From 2015 to 2018, the growth in terms of the average export prices for plywood failed to regain its momentum.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was Indonesia ($609 per cubic meter), while Brazil ($293 per cubic meter) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Chile, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports 2007-2018

In 2018, the amount of plywood imported worldwide amounted to 32M cubic meters, surging by 5.2% against the previous year. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.9% from 2007 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2010 when imports increased by 31% against the previous year. The global imports peaked in 2018 and are likely to see steady growth in the near future.

In value terms, plywood imports amounted to $14.9B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. The total import value increased at an average annual rate of +2.8% over the period from 2007 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2010 with an increase of 29% against the previous year. Over the period under review, global plywood imports reached their peak figure in 2018 and are expected to retain its growth in the immediate term.

Imports by Country

In 2018, the U.S. (4.8M cubic meters), followed by Japan (3M cubic meters), the UK (1.7M cubic meters), Germany (1.7M cubic meters) and South Korea (1.5M cubic meters) were the key importers of plywood, together achieving 40% of total imports. The Philippines (1.1M cubic meters), the United Arab Emirates (950K cubic meters), Canada (939K cubic meters), the Netherlands (875K cubic meters), Egypt (853K cubic meters), Saudi Arabia (788K cubic meters) and Mexico (786K cubic meters) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by the Philippines, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the U.S. ($2.5B), Japan ($1.7B) and Germany ($883M) appeared to be the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2018, together accounting for 34% of global imports. These countries were followed by South Korea, the UK, the Netherlands, Canada, Egypt, Mexico, the Philippines, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, which together accounted for a further 28%.

The Philippines experienced the highest growth rate of imports, among the main importing countries over the last eleven-year period, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Import Prices by Country

The average plywood import price stood at $473 per cubic meter in 2018, approximately reflecting the previous year. In general, the plywood import price, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2008 an increase of 16% against the previous year. The global import price peaked at $583 per cubic meter in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, import prices failed to regain their momentum.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Japan ($576 per cubic meter), while Saudi Arabia ($229 per cubic meter) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by South Korea, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform