Camel Meat Market in the Middle East is Driven by Rising Demand in Saudi Arabia - Global Trade Magazine
  February 21st, 2020 | Written by

Camel Meat Market in the Middle East is Driven by Rising Demand in Saudi Arabia

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  • In value terms, Oman ($3M) constitutes the largest market for imported camel meat in the Middle East.
  • From 2007 to 2018, average annual rates of growth with regard to camel meat exports from Saudi Arabia stood at +2.0%.
  • In Saudi Arabia, camel meat production expanded at an average annual rate of +9.6% over the period from 2007-2018.

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘Middle East – Camel Meat – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the camel meat market in the Middle East amounted to $1.1B in 2018, surging by 23% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

Consumption By Country

The country with the largest volume of camel meat consumption was Saudi Arabia (113K tonnes), comprising approx. 61% of total volume. Moreover, camel meat consumption in Saudi Arabia exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest consumer, the United Arab Emirates (35K tonnes), threefold. Oman (16K tonnes) ranked third in terms of total consumption with a 8.6% share.

In Saudi Arabia, camel meat consumption increased at an average annual rate of +9.6% over the period from 2007-2018. The remaining consuming countries recorded the following average annual rates of consumption growth: the United Arab Emirates (+3.4% per year) and Oman (+8.0% per year).

In value terms, Saudi Arabia ($746M) led the market, alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by the United Arab Emirates ($154M). It was followed by Oman.

The countries with the highest levels of camel meat per capita consumption in 2018 were the United Arab Emirates (3,441 kg per 1000 persons), Saudi Arabia (3,333 kg per 1000 persons) and Oman (3,319 kg per 1000 persons).

Production in the Middle East

In 2018, the production of camel meat in the Middle East amounted to 183K tonnes, picking up by 7.9% against the previous year. Over the period under review, camel meat production continues to indicate a resilient expansion. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2014 with an increase of 52% year-to-year. The volume of camel meat production peaked in 2018 and is likely to continue its growth in the near future. The general positive trend in terms of camel meat output was largely conditioned by strong growth of the number of producing animals and a relatively flat trend pattern in yield figures.

In value terms, camel meat production stood at $1.3B in 2018 estimated in export prices. Over the period under review, camel meat production continues to indicate a skyrocketing expansion. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2014 with an increase of 118% year-to-year. The level of camel meat production peaked in 2018 and is likely to see steady growth in the near future.

Production By Country

The country with the largest volume of camel meat production was Saudi Arabia (113K tonnes), comprising approx. 61% of total volume. Moreover, camel meat production in Saudi Arabia exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest producer, the United Arab Emirates (35K tonnes), threefold. The third position in this ranking was occupied by Oman (15K tonnes), with a 8.1% share.

In Saudi Arabia, camel meat production expanded at an average annual rate of +9.6% over the period from 2007-2018. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: the United Arab Emirates (+3.4% per year) and Oman (+7.4% per year).

Producing Animals

In 2018, the number of animals slaughtered for camel meat production in the Middle East stood at 860K heads, jumping by 7.4% against the previous year. Overall, the number of animals slaughtered for camel meat production continues to indicate a buoyant expansion. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2014 with an increase of 47% y-o-y. Over the period under review, this number attained its peak figure level in 2018 and is expected to retain its growth in the near future.

Yield

In 2018, the average yield of camel meat totaled 213 kg per head, flattening at the previous year. In general, the camel meat yield continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2014 with an increase of 3.2% y-o-y. The level of camel meat yield peaked in 2018 and is likely to continue its growth in the near future.

Exports in the Middle East

The exports stood at 14 tonnes in 2018, rising by 6.4% against the previous year. Over the period under review, camel meat exports continue to indicate a moderate expansion. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2014 with an increase of 44% y-o-y. In that year, camel meat exports attained their peak of 30 tonnes. From 2015 to 2018, the growth of camel meat exports failed to regain its momentum.

In value terms, camel meat exports totaled $111K (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. Overall, camel meat exports continue to indicate a skyrocketing expansion. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2012 when exports increased by 87% y-o-y. Over the period under review, camel meat exports reached their maximum at $140K in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, exports stood at a somewhat lower figure.

Exports by Country

Saudi Arabia prevails in camel meat exports structure, resulting at 13 tonnes, which was near 94% of total exports in 2018. Bahrain (370 kg) and Kuwait (260 kg) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2007 to 2018, average annual rates of growth with regard to camel meat exports from Saudi Arabia stood at +2.0%. At the same time, Bahrain (+30.8%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Bahrain emerged as the fastest-growing exporter exported in the Middle East, with a CAGR of +30.8% from 2007-2018. Kuwait experienced a relatively flat trend pattern. From 2007 to 2018, the share of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and Kuwait increased by +19%, +2.6% and +1.9% percentage points, while the shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, Saudi Arabia ($99K) remains the largest camel meat supplier in the Middle East, comprising 89% of total camel meat exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Bahrain ($1.7K), with a 1.5% share of total exports.

From 2007 to 2018, the average annual growth rate of value in Saudi Arabia totaled +21.4%. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Bahrain (+23.5% per year) and Kuwait (0.0% per year).

Export Prices by Country

The camel meat export price in the Middle East stood at $8,092 per tonne in 2018, increasing by 25% against the previous year. In general, the camel meat export price continues to indicate a buoyant expansion. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2012 when the export price increased by 43% against the previous year. The level of export price peaked in 2018 and is likely to see steady growth in the immediate term.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Saudi Arabia ($7,664 per tonne), while Kuwait ($1,192 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Saudi Arabia, while the other leaders experienced mixed trends in the export price figures.

Imports in the Middle East

In 2018, the amount of camel meat imported in the Middle East amounted to 1K tonnes, surging by 115% against the previous year. In general, camel meat imports continue to indicate a remarkable expansion. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2018 when imports increased by 115% year-to-year. In that year, camel meat imports reached their peak and are likely to continue its growth in the immediate term.

In value terms, camel meat imports amounted to $3.3M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. Over the period under review, camel meat imports continue to indicate buoyant growth. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2018 when imports increased by 144% y-o-y. In that year, camel meat imports attained their peak and are likely to continue its growth in the immediate term.

Imports by Country

Oman dominates camel meat imports structure, amounting to 954 tonnes, which was approx. 94% of total imports in 2018. It was distantly followed by Saudi Arabia (47 tonnes), creating a 4.6% share of total imports.

Oman was also the fastest-growing in terms of the camel meat imports, with a CAGR of +50.9% from 2007 to 2018. Saudi Arabia (-9.5%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. From 2007 to 2018, the share of Oman increased by +93% percentage points, while Saudi Arabia (-9.3 p.p.) saw their share reduced.

In value terms, Oman ($3M) constitutes the largest market for imported camel meat in the Middle East, comprising 90% of total camel meat imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Saudi Arabia ($234K), with a 7.1% share of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the average annual rate of growth in terms of value in Oman stood at +48.0%.

Import Prices by Country

In 2018, the camel meat import price in the Middle East amounted to $3,229 per tonne, increasing by 13% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the camel meat import price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2018 an increase of 13% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the import prices for camel meat reached their peak figure at $4,169 per tonne in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, import prices remained at a lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Saudi Arabia ($4,935 per tonne), while Oman totaled $3,110 per tonne.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Saudi Arabia.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform