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Global Vegetable Market 2019 – Resilient Growth of Potato Consumption in China and India Shapes Overall Market Trend

Global Vegetable Market 2019 – Resilient Growth of Potato Consumption in China and India Shapes Overall Market Trend

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Vegetable – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The global vegetable market revenue amounted to $1,249.8B in 2018, picking up by 2.4% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). The market value increased at an average annual rate of +4.1% over the period from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2010, with an increase of 8.1% against the previous year. Global vegetable consumption peaked in 2018, and is likely to continue its growth in the immediate term.

Production 2007-2018

Global vegetable production stood at 1,555M tonnes in 2018, jumping by 3.2% against the previous year. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.8% over the period from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period.

Exports 2007-2018

In 2018, approx. 47M tonnes of vegetables were exported worldwide; standing approx. at the previous year. The total export volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.7% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations being recorded over the period under review. In value terms, vegetable exports amounted to $42.3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

The Netherlands (6.1M tonnes), Mexico (5.8M tonnes), Spain (5.1M tonnes), China (4.3M tonnes), France (3.5M tonnes), Germany (2.7M tonnes) and the U.S. (2.4M tonnes) represented roughly 64% of total exports of vegetables in 2018. The following exporters – Canada (1.4M tonnes), Belgium (1.3M tonnes), India (1.2M tonnes), Egypt (1.1M tonnes) and Italy (864K tonnes) – together made up 13% of total exports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by Mexico, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Spain ($6.7B), the Netherlands ($6.5B) and Mexico ($6.2B) constituted the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2018, together comprising 46% of global exports.

Export Prices by Country

The average vegetable export price stood at $899 per tonne in 2018, leveling off at the previous year. Over the period from 2007 to 2018, it increased at an average annual rate of +1.1%. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2017, when the average export price increased by 6.6% against the previous year. In that year, the average export prices for vegetables reached their peak level of $910 per tonne, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Export prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest export price was Italy ($1,679 per tonne), while Germany ($342 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of export prices was attained by Canada, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports 2007-2018

In 2018, approx. 47M tonnes of vegetables were imported worldwide; approximately mirroring the previous year. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.8% over the period from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2010, when imports increased by 7.2% year-to-year. Over the period under review, global vegetable imports attained their peak figure at 49M tonnes in 2016; however, from 2017 to 2018, imports stood at a somewhat lower figure. In value terms, vegetable imports totaled $41.9B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. The total import value increased at an average annual rate of +2.7% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2010, when imports increased by 17% year-to-year. Global imports peaked at $42.5B in 2017, and then declined slightly in the following year.

Imports by Country

In 2018, the U.S. (7.4M tonnes), distantly followed by Germany (3.8M tonnes), the Netherlands (3.1M tonnes), Russia (2.2M tonnes) and the UK (2.2M tonnes) were the key importers of vegetables, together achieving 39% of total imports. The following importers – Belgium (1.9M tonnes), Canada (1.9M tonnes), France (1.9M tonnes), Malaysia (1.4M tonnes), Italy (1.2M tonnes), Spain (1.2M tonnes) and Indonesia (819K tonnes) – together made up 22% of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by the U.S., while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest vegetable importing markets worldwide were the U.S. ($8.5B), Germany ($5.1B) and the UK ($3B), with a combined 40% share of global imports. These countries were followed by Canada, France, the Netherlands, Russia, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Malaysia and Indonesia, which together accounted for a further 30%.

Import Prices by Country

The average vegetable import price stood at $884 per tonne in 2018, approximately mirroring the previous year. Overall, the vegetable import price, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. There were significant differences in the average import prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2018, the country with the highest import price was the UK ($1,367 per tonne), while Malaysia ($472 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of import prices was attained by Spain, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

leek

Leek Market in Asia – Supply and Demand

IndexBox has just published a new report, the Asia – Leeks And Other Alliaceous Vegetables – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the leek market in Asia amounted to $1.1B in 2017, going down by -16% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). The market value increased at an average annual rate of +1.9% from 2007 to 2017; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations throughout the analyzed period.

The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2016, when the market value increased by 20% y-o-y. The level of leek consumption peaked at $1.3B in 2012; however, from 2013 to 2017, consumption failed to regain its momentum.

Production in Asia

In 2017, the amount of leeks and other alliaceous vegetables produced in Asia totaled 1.2M tonnes, falling by -3.1% against the previous year. The leek production continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern.

Leek Exports

Exports in Asia

In 2017, exports of leeks and other alliaceous vegetables in Asia amounted to 75K tonnes, surging by 17% against the previous year. The leek exports continue to indicate a modest increase.

In value terms, leek exports amounted to $70M (IndexBox estimates) in 2017.

Exports by Country

China dominates leek exports structure, recording 62K tonnes, which was approx. 82% of total exports in 2017. It was distantly followed by Turkey (5.1K tonnes), achieving 6.8% share of total exports. Malaysia (2.8K tonnes) and Pakistan (2.4K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2007 to 2017, average annual rates of growth with regard to leek exports from China stood at +2.3%. At the same time, Pakistan (+65.4%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Pakistan emerged as the fastest growing exporter in Asia, with a CAGR of +65.4% from 2007-2017. By contrast, Turkey (-1.5%) and Malaysia (-5.6%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. From 2007 to 2017, the share of Malaysia increased by 2.9% percentage points, while Pakistan (-3.1%) and China (-16.5%) saw their share reduced. The shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, China ($54M) remains the largest leek supplier in Asia, comprising 78% of global exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Turkey ($3.2M), with a 4.6% share of global exports. It was followed by Malaysia, with a 3.3% share.

Export Prices by Country

In 2017, the leek export price in Asia amounted to $925 per tonne, reducing by -17.3% against the previous year. The the leek export price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern.

There were significant differences in the average export prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2017, the country with the highest export price was China ($882 per tonne), while Pakistan ($395 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2017, the most notable rate of growth in terms of export prices was attained by Malaysia (+3.8% per year), while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Leek Imports
Imports in Asia

In 2017, imports of leeks and other alliaceous vegetables in Asia amounted to 92K tonnes, picking up by 13% against the previous year. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.9% from 2007 to 2017; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded over the period under review. In value terms, leek imports stood at $104M (IndexBox estimates) in 2017.

Imports by Country

Japan dominates leek imports structure, recording 63K tonnes, which was approx. 69% of total imports in 2017. South Korea (8.4K tonnes) ranks second in terms of the global imports with a 9.2% share, followed by Malaysia (6.2%). The following importers – Singapore (3.8K tonnes), China, Macao SAR (2.6K tonnes), Afghanistan (1.9K tonnes) and Vietnam (1.5K tonnes) together made up 11% of total imports.

From 2007 to 2017, average annual rates of growth with regard to leek imports into Japan stood at +1.3%. At the same time, Vietnam (+86.2%), Afghanistan (+79.8%), China, Macao SAR (+13.8%), South Korea (+13.0%) and Malaysia (+4.1%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Vietnam emerged as the fastest growing importer in Asia, with a CAGR of +86.2% from 2007-2017. By contrast, Singapore (-2.2%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. Vietnam (-1.6%), Malaysia (-2%), China, Macao SAR (-2%), Afghanistan (-2.1%), South Korea (-6.5%) and Japan (-8.6%) significantly weakened its position in terms of the global imports, while the shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, Japan ($79M) constitutes the largest market for imported leeks and other alliaceous vegetables in Asia, comprising 76% of global imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Singapore ($6.4M), with a 6.1% share of global imports. It was followed by Malaysia, with a 5.2% share.

Import Prices by Country

The leek import price in Asia stood at $1.1 per kg in 2017, reducing by -14.6% against the previous year. Over the period from 2007 to 2017, it increased at an average annual rate of +2.3%.

There were significant differences in the average import prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2017, the country with the highest import price was Singapore ($1.7 per kg), while Afghanistan ($399 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2017, the most notable rate of growth in terms of import prices was attained by Singapore (+7.2% per year), while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform