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Holiday Gift-Giving in the Trade Spirit

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Holiday Gift-Giving in the Trade Spirit

FOR THE ROMANTIC

Tea Sampler:

Whether you favor green, black, oolong or white tea, all originate from the plant Camellia sinensis. It’s the soil, atmosphere and method of processing that confer different tastes, colors and scents. Tea traded globally is grown on large plantations in more than 30 countries. The four biggest producers are China, India, Kenya and Sri Lanka. This sampler of dissolvable “tea drops” includes citrus ginger, blueberry acai, rose earl grey, sweet peppermint, and matcha green tea made from teas sourced around the world but hand assembled by in Los Angeles, California.

FOR THE GOURMAND

Artisinal Chocolate Bars:

Cacao grows close to the equator in places like Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and Madagascar. Askinosie, a family-owned chocolatier in Springfield, Missouri offers dark chocolate bars sourced from women farmers in Tanzania. Harper Macaw of Washington, DC blends Brazilian cacao and Brazilian coffee beans roasted in Annapolis, Maryland to produce its milk chocolate Coffee Bar. Madecasse was founded by former American Peace Corps volunteers. It makes 92 percent pure dark bars in Madagascar from local cacao. Marou is truly small artisanal chocolate maker that works with small farmers to help Vietnam become the newest producer of cacao in the world.

Cashmere Sweater:

Your sweater begins as the coat of a cashmere goat. Named for their origin in the Himalayan region of Kashmir, cashmere-producing breeds also thrive in Australia and throughout China. Among the most famous are the Zalaa Ginst white goat of Mongolia and the Tibetan Plateau goat. Some $1.4 billion in cashmere garments are traded globally each year. Top manufacturers hail from Scotland and Italy, but these days you can find “cashmere-blends” on discount racks in U.S. fast fashion stores.

Homemade Hot Sauce:

If you’re going to try your hand at it, you’ll need two key ingredients – chili peppers and spices. Chili peppers grow in the United States but Capsicum annuum was originally domesticated in Mesoamerica, a region that extends from Central Mexico to Central America. After Spanish colonists returned with it to Europe, hot peppers traveled the globe swiftly on Portuguese trade routes to spice-loving India through the Portuguese-controlled port of Goa, and from there, over the Himalayas to Sichuan, China.

FOR THE PRAGMATIST

A Pair of Necessities:

Some people like receiving the essentials – from underwear to appliances. Many of our undergarments come to the United States from Sri Lanka, an island nation off the southern coast of India. Home to some 22 million people, Sri Lanka produces for major global brands like Victoria’s Secret, Gap, Nike, Tommy Hilfiger, H&M and more. The (still) popular Instant Pot is manufactured in China but was invented by Robert Wang, a former software engineer from Canada who applied his knowledge of microprocessors and sensors to the science of not burning dinner.

FOR THE TRENDY

A Small-Batch, Globe-Trotting Bourbon:

Why not support American whiskey, which has been hard hit in overseas markets by retaliatory tariffs. Jefferson’s Ocean is the brainchild of Jefferson’s, a Kentucky artisan distillery. Barrels of bourbon hitch a boat ride on a shark-tagging research vessel, crossing the equator four times, visiting over 30 ports on five continents. The temperature fluctuations, salt water air exposure, and constant motion of the ship during the journey renders a thick, dark bourbon with caramel flavors and a briny scent.

FOR THE RE-USER

Silicone Lunch Boxes and Nylon Bags:

We’ve written before about the silicon in sand which can be made into the tiny individual semiconductor chips that get embedded into our globally trade devices. Silicone, on the other hand, is a rubberlike plastic increasingly used in food storage, transportation and reheating, due to its low toxicity and high heat resistance. Food52 makes a colorful container with a silicone sleeve that is, according to the manufacturer, “just right for layering miso salmon and spinach over black rice.” No bag lunch for the modern hipster.

Baggu is a re-usable shopping bag made from lightweight ripstop nylon that comes in a variety of bold colors and prints. The synthetic polymer known as nylon was first produced in United States, born of the need to find alternatives to silk and hemp for parachutes in World War II. Today, China is the largest exporter of nylon.

FOR THE “VSCO GIRL”

If you’re not familiar with the term, you probably don’t have a teenager in your home. VSCO is a popular photo editing app that many social sharers use before posting on Instagram or other platforms. The term “VSCO girl” has been adopted to describe some of the latest teen fashion trends and must-haves for the middle and high school hallways.

Here are some of the essentials you might give the VSCO girl in your life, beginning with a Fjullraven Swedish backpack to put it all in. Add to it some Glossier Lip Balms if you care about transparency in the global supply chain of your makeup, a Hydroflask made of pro-grade 18/8 stainless steel (are there tariffs on that stainless steel?), some Pura Vida jewelry from Costa Rica, and an Instax camera from Japanese maker Fujifilm. Where do VSCO girls hang out when they aren’t in school? On TikTok, of course. There are some 422.4 million videos on Chinese app TikTok tagged #vscogirl.

Whatever you buy for the holidays this year, chances are, there’s a global trade aspect to your gift-gifting. As we like to say at TradeVistas, “see the trade in everything.” Happy holidays.

Note: Neither the author nor TradeVistas’ sponsor endorses the above-mentioned products. We merely seek to illustrate the global trade dimension in popular gifts this season.

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Andrea Durkin is the Editor-in-Chief of TradeVistas and Founder of Sparkplug, LLC. Ms. Durkin previously served as a U.S. Government trade negotiator and has proudly taught international trade policy and negotiations for the last fourteen years as an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University’s Master of Science in Foreign Service program.

This article originally appeared on TradeVistas.org. Republished with permission.

coffee and tea market

U.S. Coffee And Tea Market Enjoys the Second Year of Solid Gains, Peaking At Almost $16B

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘U.S. Coffee And Tea Market. Analysis And Forecast to 2025’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the coffee and tea market in the U.S. amounted to $15.9B in 2018, picking up by 3.9% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). The market value increased at an average annual rate of +4.2% from 2013 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being recorded over the period under review. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2015, with an increase of 13% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the coffee and tea market attained its maximum level in 2018, and is expected to retain its growth in the near future.

Coffee And Tea Production in the U.S.

In value terms, coffee and tea production totaled $14.5B in 2018. The total output value increased at an average annual rate of +4.7% from 2013 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations being observed in certain years. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2015, when the output figure increased by 15% against the previous year. Coffee and tea production peaked in 2018, and is expected to retain its growth in the near future.

Exports from the U.S.

In 2018, approx. 9.6K tonnes of coffee and tea were exported from the U.S.; falling by -11.2% against the previous year. Overall, coffee and tea exports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. In value terms, coffee and tea exports stood at $50M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

China (936 tonnes), the United Arab Emirates (913 tonnes) and South Korea (870 tonnes) were the main destinations of coffee and tea exports from the U.S., together comprising 28% of total exports. Japan, Belgium, Singapore, the UK, the Philippines, Ireland, Belize, Latvia and the Netherlands lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 40%.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main countries of destination, was attained by Belgium (+107.1% per year), while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Belgium ($8.4M), China ($4.3M) and South Korea ($4M) appeared to be the largest markets for coffee and tea exported from the U.S. worldwide, together accounting for 34% of total exports.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average coffee and tea export price amounted to $5,190 per tonne, growing by 2.2% against the previous year. Over the period from 2013 to 2018, it increased at an average annual rate of +4.4%. Export prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest export price was Belgium ($14,823 per tonne), while the average price for exports to Japan ($3,408 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of export prices was recorded for supplies to Belgium, while the export prices for the other major destinations experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports into the U.S.

In 2018, the amount of coffee and tea imported into the U.S. totaled 305K tonnes, going down by -4.5% against the previous year. Over the period under review, coffee and tea imports continue to indicate a mild setback. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2015, when imports increased by 1% against the previous year. Imports peaked at 330K tonnes in 2016; however, from 2017 to 2018, imports stood at a somewhat lower figure. In value terms, coffee and tea imports stood at $1.4B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. Overall, coffee and tea imports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2015, with an increase of 0.7% year-to-year. In that year, coffee and tea imports attained their peak of $1.5B. From 2016 to 2018, the growth of coffee and tea imports failed to regain its momentum.

Imports by Country

Argentina (51K tonnes), Germany (39K tonnes) and Brazil (32K tonnes) were the main suppliers of coffee and tea imports to the U.S., together accounting for 40% of total imports. Viet Nam, Colombia, China, India, Italy, Switzerland, Sri Lanka, Mexico and Indonesia lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 43%.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main suppliers, was attained by Switzerland, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Switzerland ($227M), Brazil ($158M) and Germany ($139M) were the largest coffee and tea suppliers to the U.S., with a combined 36% share of total imports.

Import Prices by Country

In 2018, the average coffee and tea import price amounted to $4,737 per tonne, going up by 3.2% against the previous year. Overall, the coffee and tea import price continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. There were significant differences in the average import prices amongst the major supplying countries. In 2018, the country with the highest import price was Switzerland ($19,925 per tonne), while the price for Argentina ($1,353 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of import prices was attained by Switzerland, while the import prices for the other major suppliers experienced more modest paces of growth.

Companies Mentioned in the Report

Peet’s Coffee & Tea, Community Coffee Company, Royal Cup, Reily Foods Company, S. & D. Coffee, R.C. Bigelow, Boyd Coffee Company, Keurig Green Mountain, New England Partnership, Imperial, Atlantic Coffee Industrial Solutions, Farmer Bros. Co., F. Gavina & Sons, Coffee Holding Co., Tc Global, The Folger Coffee Company, Celestial Seasonings, East West Tea Company, Millstone Coffee, Jbr, Wm. B. Reily & Company, Tetley US Holdings, CCC Holding, Hie Holdings, Twinlab Corporation, Refreshment Product Services, Inter American Products

Source: IndexBox AI Platform