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The Rising Electric Vehicle Industry to Drive the Global Natural Graphite Market


The Rising Electric Vehicle Industry to Drive the Global Natural Graphite Market

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Graphite (Natural) – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends, and Insights.’ Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2020, most countries suspended mines since the pandemic started. However, natural graphite production is projected to grow worldwide, driven by increasing demand from the electric vehicle industry.

Key Trends and Insights

Global natural graphite production in 2020 is estimated to be 15% lower than in 2019 (IndexBox estimates). In most countries, mining has been suspended during the pandemic.

The development of the electric vehicle industry is expected to become the main driver of growth in the natural graphite market, as graphite is the main component of lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles. According to the Electric Vehicle World Sales Database, the fastest‑growing EV sales in 2020 were in Europe (+ 137% YoY), the US (+ 4%), and China (+ 12%), where the governments subsidize the industry. China’s share of the global electric car market is over 50%. China, the USA, and the EU are the world’s leading lithium-ion battery manufacturers and, therefore, the most promising markets for natural graphite.

Another steadily developing niche is the use of natural graphite as a filler in the plastic industry. China has a dominant market position concerning the global consumption of graphite fillers for plastics.

The market performance is forecast to increase, with an anticipated CAGR of +2.0% for the period from 2019 to 2030, projected to bring the market volume to 1.4M tonnes by the end of 2030.

China to Remain the Key Consumer and Exporter of Natural Graphite

China, with 465K tonnes, remains the largest graphite-consuming country worldwide, comprising approx. 42% of total volume. Moreover, graphite consumption in China exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest consumer, Japan (129K tonnes), fourfold. The third position in this ranking was occupied by India (79K tonnes), with a 7.3% share.

In China, graphite consumption decreased by an average annual rate of -3.9% over the period from 2012-2019. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Japan (+5.4% per year) and India (+7.5% per year).

In value terms, China ($422M) led the market alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Japan ($114M). Brazil followed it.

The countries with the highest levels of graphite per capita consumption in 2019 were Japan (1,010 kg per 1000 persons), South Korea (804 kg per 1000 persons), and Canada (788 kg per 1000 persons).

From 2012 to 2019, the most notable growth rate in terms of graphite per capita consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Canada, while graphite per capita consumption for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

China dominates the graphite export structure, accounting for 344K tonnes, which was approx. 65% of total exports in 2019. It was distantly followed by Madagascar (46K tonnes), creating an 8.7% share of total exports. Germany (19K tonnes), Brazil (19K tonnes), Canada (13K tonnes), Mexico (11K tonnes), Norway (11K tonnes), and the Netherlands (9.1K tonnes) held a minor share of total exports.

Exports from China increased at an average annual rate of +4.2% from 2012 to 2019. At the same time, Madagascar (+48.6%), the Netherlands (+19.6%), and Germany (+6.1%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Madagascar emerged as the fastest-growing exporter exported globally, with a CAGR of +48.6% from 2012-2019. Norway experienced a relatively flat trend pattern. By contrast, Canada (-4.0%), Brazil (-6.9%), and Mexico (-8.6%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. Madagascar (+8 p.p.) and China (+2.4 p.p.) significantly strengthened their positions in global exports, while Canada, Mexico, and Brazil saw their shares reduced by -1.8%, -3%, and -4% from 2012 to 2019, respectively. The shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, China ($353M) remains the largest graphite supplier worldwide, comprising 59% of global exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Germany ($37M), with a 6.2% share of global exports. It was followed by Madagascar, with a 5.5% share.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform