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Drilling Rig Curbs Squeeze the Global Baryte Market


Drilling Rig Curbs Squeeze the Global Baryte Market

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Barytes – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2020, the global baryte market fell by 15%, hampered by a severe decline seen in the oil industry, which currently consumes 80% of the total baryte output. India remained the only country to maintain 2019 production figures. While the oil industry is set to operate at minimum production levels in the medium term, alternative chemical, coating, and construction baryte applications may emerge as market drivers. 

Key Trends and Insights

In 2020, global baryte production fell by near 20% y-o-y to 7.8М tonnes (IndexBox estimates). Many baryte mining and processing companies ceased to operate following the sharp slump in demand from the oil and gas sector, which consumes 80% of global baryte output. In accordance with Baker Hughes data, the number of drilling rigs declined from 2,177 in 2019 to 1,352 in 2020, and only 1,228 rigs remained in operation in early 2021.

In most countries, baryte exports in 2020 experienced a twofold decrease. India remained the exception, compensating for the drop in exports to the U.S. by increasing export supplies to the Middle East. Despite the decrease of 2020, India and China remain the largest baryte producers in the world and continue to dominate the global exports with a combined share of 55%.

Following the slump seen in 2020, the forecast indicates that the global baryte market may reach 8M tonnes by 2030, achieving an average annual growth rate of 1.0% CAGR over the period from 2020-2030. Maintaining oil and gas drilling even at the minimum level will buoy baryte consumption. Further expansion of the market is more likely to come from the increased demand for barytes as a filler for resin, paper, linoleum, primers for vehicle coatings, and high-density concretes.

Global Baryte Consumption

The countries with the highest volumes of baryte consumption in 2020 were China (2M tonnes), the U.S. (1M tonnes) and Saudi Arabia (688K tonnes), together accounting for 51% of global consumption. These countries were followed by India, Kazakhstan, Morocco, Russia, Kuwait and Iran, which accounted for a further 29%.

From 2007 to 2020, the most notable growth rate in terms of baryte consumption, amongst the key consuming countries, was attained by Kazakhstan, while baryte consumption for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, China ($272M) led the market, alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by the U.S. ($133M). It was followed by Kazakhstan.

Global Baryte Imports

The U.S. (855K tonnes) and Saudi Arabia (688K tonnes) represented roughly 51% of total imports of barytes in 2020. Kuwait (218K tonnes) held the next position in the ranking, followed by the Netherlands (195K tonnes). All these countries together took near 14% share of total imports. The United Arab Emirates (106K tonnes), Russia (82K tonnes), Spain (75K tonnes), Oman (65K tonnes), Norway (61K tonnes), Azerbaijan (59K tonnes), Argentina (53K tonnes) and Indonesia (53K tonnes) held a relatively small share of total imports.

In value terms, the U.S. ($122M) constitutes the largest market for imported barytes worldwide, comprising 29% of global imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Saudi Arabia ($59M), with a 14% share of global imports. It was followed by the Netherlands, with a 6.3% share.

In the U.S., baryte imports expanded at an average annual rate of +1.9% over 2007-2020. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Saudi Arabia (+12.0% per year) and the Netherlands (+1.9% per year).

In 2020, the average baryte import price amounted to $138 per tonne, picking up by 9.1% against the previous year. There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2020, the country with the highest price was Azerbaijan ($206 per tonne), while Kuwait ($74 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform