Driven by Rising Demand in Russia and Ukraine, the East-European Cucumber and Gherkin Market to See Solid Growth - Global Trade Magazine
  July 16th, 2020 | Written by

Driven by Rising Demand in Russia and Ukraine, the East-European Cucumber and Gherkin Market to See Solid Growth

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  • In 2019, the cucumber and gherkin import price in Eastern Europe amounted to $889 per tonne.
  • The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.3% over the period from 2007 to 2019.

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘Eastern Europe – Cucumbers And Gherkins – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2019, the East European cucumber and gherkin market increased by 9.1% to $4.5B, rising for the third consecutive year after four years of decline. The total consumption indicated notable growth from 2007 to 2019: its value increased at an average annual rate of +2.4% over the last twelve years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2019 figures, consumption increased by +26.9% against 2016 indices.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of cucumber and gherkin consumption in 2019 were Russia (1.8M tonnes), Ukraine (1M tonnes), and Poland (587K tonnes), with a combined 82% share of total consumption. Romania, Belarus, Bulgaria, and the Czech Republic lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 14%.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of cucumber and gherkin consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Bulgaria, while cucumber and gherkin consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Russia ($2.1B), Ukraine ($1.2B), and Poland ($560M) were the countries with the highest levels of market value in 2019, together comprising 87% of the total market.

The countries with the highest levels of cucumber and gherkin per capita consumption in 2019 were Ukraine (24 kg per person), Belarus (19 kg per person), and Poland (15 kg per person).

Market Forecast to 2030

Driven by increasing demand for cucumber and gherkin in Eastern Europe, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to retain its current trend pattern, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +1.9% for the period from 2019 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 5.1M tonnes by the end of 2030.

Production in Eastern Europe

In 2019, the production of cucumbers and gherkins increased by 2.8% to 3.8M tonnes, rising for the second year in a row after two years of decline. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.3% over the period from 2007 to 2019; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with only minor fluctuations in certain years. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2011 with an increase of 16% y-o-y. Over the period under review, production reached the peak volume at 3.9M tonnes in 2015; however, from 2016 to 2019, production stood at a somewhat lower figure. The generally positive trend in terms output was largely conditioned by a slight contraction of the harvested area against a perceptible expansion in the yield figures.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of cucumber and gherkin production in 2019 were Russia (1.7M tonnes), Ukraine (1M tonnes), and Poland (541K tonnes), with a combined 84% share of total production.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of cucumber and gherkin production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Russia, while cucumber and gherkin production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Harvested Area in Eastern Europe

In 2019, the cucumber and gherkin harvested area in Eastern Europe dropped to 131K ha, shrinking by -1.5% on 2018 figures. In general, the harvested area showed a slight shrinkage. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2011 with an increase of 3.8% against the previous year. As a result, the harvested area attained the peak level of 167K ha. From 2012 to 2019, the growth of the cucumber and gherkin harvested area failed to regain the momentum.

Yield in Eastern Europe

In 2019, the average yield of cucumbers and gherkins in Eastern Europe rose modestly to 29 tonnes per ha, increasing by 4.4% compared with 2018. The yield indicated a moderate increase from 2007 to 2019: its figure increased at an average annual rate of +4.1% over the last twelve years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2019 figures, cucumber and gherkin yield increased by +61.1% against 2007 indices. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2011 with an increase of 12% against the previous year. The level of yield peaked in 2019 and is likely to see further growth in the immediate term.

Imports in Eastern Europe

In 2019, purchases abroad of cucumbers and gherkins increased by 6.5% to 419K tonnes, rising for the third consecutive year after two years of decline. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +4.0% over the period from 2007 to 2019; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. The volume of imports peaked in 2019 and is expected to retain growth in the immediate term.

In value terms, cucumber and gherkin imports fell modestly to $372M (IndexBox estimates) in 2019. The total import value increased at an average annual rate of +4.2% from 2007 to 2019; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. The level of import peaked at $375M in 2018, and then contracted slightly in the following year.

Imports by Country

In 2019, Russia (123K tonnes), distantly followed by the Czech Republic (77K tonnes), Poland (63K tonnes), Bulgaria (33K tonnes), Ukraine (26K tonnes), Hungary (21K tonnes), Romania (20K tonnes) and Slovakia (19K tonnes) were the main importers of cucumbers and gherkins, together making up 92% of total imports.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of purchases, amongst the key importing countries, was attained by Ukraine, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest cucumber and gherkin importing markets in Eastern Europe were Russia ($127M), the Czech Republic ($65M) and Poland ($64M), with a combined 69% share of total imports. Romania, Slovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ukraine lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 21%.

Import Prices by Country

In 2019, the cucumber and gherkin import price in Eastern Europe amounted to $889 per tonne, falling by -6.8% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the import price, however, showed a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2017 an increase of 29% y-o-y. The level of imports peaked at $983 per tonne in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2019, import prices stood at a somewhat lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2019, the country with the highest price was Russia ($1,032 per tonne), while Ukraine ($425 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Russia, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform