Air Freight Makes Solid Start to 2016
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) released data for global air freight markets in January showing a rise in freight ton kilometers (FTK) of 2.7 percent compared to January 2015.
This continues the improving trend witnessed toward the end of 2015, and is the fastest pace since April of last year. The freight load factor (FLF) fell 1.8 percentage points, however, indicating that yields are likely to come under further pressure.
Total FTKs in January surpassed the previous all-time peak reached in February 2015. All regions except the smallest markets of Africa and Latin America expanded in January, but all regions reported declines in the FLF. Despite this good start, the underlying weak trade performance makes it unlikely that growth will accelerate significantly in the coming months.
“It is good news that volumes are growing, but yields and revenues are still under tremendous pressure,” said Tony Tyler, IATA’s director general and CEO.
African airlines’ FTKs declined by 1.4 percent in January compared to January 2015, and the FLF was 22.6 percent, down 4.8 percentage points, and the lowest of any region. The largest economies in the region, Nigeria and South Africa, are heavily dependent on energy industries and have been hit hard by the slump in global commodity prices.
Asia-Pacific carriers, which comprise almost 39 percent of all air freight, expanded by 1.3 percent year-over-year, although the international freight figure was a much lower 0.2 percent. The FLF fell 2.3 percentage points to 49.8 percent, still the highest of any region. Emerging Asia trade contracted in the second half of 2015 and in general trade to and from Asia-Pacific is weak.
European airlines’ demand grew by 2.5 percent in January but the FLF fell 1.5 percentage points, to 41.6 percent. Growth may have been flattered by the volatility and weakness seen a year ago. The growth trend for volumes looks weak for the months ahead, so there is a strong possibility that Europe could slip back into negative growth.
Latin American carriers continued the weak performance of recent months, declining by 3.6 percent. The FLF fell 2.7 percentage points, down to 32.9 percent. Brazil, the region’s largest economy, has struggled, particularly with the fall in the price of oil and other commodities.
Middle Eastern carriers resumed their strong growth trend, expanding 8.8 percent in January. The FLF was broadly stable, declining just 0.3 percentage points to 39.2 percent. The region’s airlines continue to enjoy strong growth, helped by large-scale network and fleet expansion.
North American airlines saw FTKs expand 2.5 percent in January compared to January 2015. The FLF was 34.6 percent, a fall of 1.4 percentage points. Following the spike in volumes due to last year’s West Coast ports strike, air freight from the U.S. across the Pacific fell away. On the other hand trade with Europe, particularly imports, has increased.
Total freight traffic market shares by region of carriers in terms of FTK were: Asia-Pacific 38.9 percent, Europe 22.3 percent, North America 20.5 percent, Middle East 14.0 percent, Latin America 2.8 percent, and Africa 1.5 percent.