U.S.-China Reach Agreement on Phytosanitary Protocol for Rice Exports - Global Trade Magazine
  February 17th, 2016 | Written by

U.S.-China Reach Agreement on Phytosanitary Protocol for Rice Exports

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  • U.S.-China rice agreement includes separate inspections by USDA and its Chinese counterpart of U.S. mills.
  • The technical aspects of U.S.-China rice agreement are unlike any other the U.S. rice industry operates under.
  • Exporters interested in the Chinese rice trade should develop strict protocols including detailed records.

U.S. officials have confirmed that the United States and China have agreed on a phytosanitary protocol that will permit the import of U.S. milled rice.

“The challenge now is to move from agreement to shipments,” said Betsy Ward, CEO of USA Rice, an industry group.

“This extraordinary agreement has been a long time coming and I commend the U.S. negotiators and USA Rice for sticking to it and getting us a phytosanitary protocol,” said Dow Brantley, Arkansas rice farmer and USA Rice Chairman. “While more complicated and detailed than any other rice protocol in the world, it is something both industries appear able to make work that will result in a new market opening up for U.S.-grown rice.”

U.S. Department of Agriculture officials provided details on how they intend to turn the phytosanitary protocol into actual export opportunities for U.S. rice. USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) held a Grain Sector Strategic Planning Meeting where the status of access to China was a key topic discussed by APHIS leadership.  APHIS laid out a series of steps involving separate inspections by APHIS and its Chinese counterpart of U.S. mills and storage facilities interested in exporting to China, publication by China of a list of ports eligible to receive U.S. rice and, issuance of a decree by the Chinese government authorizing imports.  If there are no interruptions, imports could be permitted by early spring of this year, according to the agency.

“We have been working with APHIS for several weeks to identify U.S. mills and storage facilities interested in exporting to China and willing to comply with the insect trapping and record keeping requirements of the protocol,” said Bob Cummings, COO of USA Rice, who participated in the briefing.  “APHIS will soon contact these entities to arrange on-site inspections to assess compliance with APHIS’s work plan. A list of certified U.S. mills and storage facilities will then be forwarded by APHIS to China and Chinese authorities will do their own inspections, though perhaps just a sample of facilities. USA Rice will continue to work with APHIS and take the lead in educating the industry about the specific requirements of the protocol and work plan.”

“The technical aspects of this agreement are unlike any other protocol the U.S. rice industry currently operates under,” said Chris Crutchfield, president of American Commodity Company, a California rice mill and chair of the USA Rice Millers Phytosanitary Protocol Task Force.  “I strongly encourage all facilities and exporters who wish to be involved in the Chinese rice trade to carefully read and understand all aspects of the agreement, and to develop and follow strict standard operating procedures and protocols including the detailed maintenance of records, as everything will need to be available for inspection by Chinese government officials at their request.”