Turkey Meat Market in the U.S. Remains Robust - Global Trade Magazine
  November 27th, 2019 | Written by

Turkey Meat Market in the U.S. Remains Robust

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  • In 2018, the average turkey meat import price amounted to $3,233 per tonne.
  • In value terms, turkey meat exports totaled $419M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.
  • In 2018, approx. 219K tonnes of turkey meat were exported from the U.S.

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘U.S. – Turkey Meat – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the turkey meat market in the U.S. amounted to $4.8B in 2018, growing by 6.1% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). The market value increased at an average annual rate of +2.0% from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2015 with an increase of 14% against the previous year. In that year, the turkey meat market reached its peak level of $5.2B. From 2016 to 2018, the growth of the turkey meat market remained at a somewhat lower figure.

Production in the U.S.

In 2018, the production of turkey meat in the U.S. totaled 2.7M tonnes, stabilizing at the previous year. In general, turkey meat production continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern, which is largely conditioned by the stability in the demand for turkey meat in the U.S. In terms of supply, the stability of turkey meat output is feasible due to the number of producing animals which remains relatively stable, but the yield figures experiencing a modest growth.

Producing Animals in the U.S.

In 2018, the number of animals slaughtered for turkey meat production in the U.S. amounted to 239M heads, approximately mirroring the previous year. Overall, the number of animals slaughtered for turkey meat production continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2016 with an increase of 4.7% year-to-year.

Yield in the U.S.

In 2018, the average turkey meat yield in the U.S. stood at 11 kg per head, remaining relatively unchanged against the previous year. Over the period under review, the turkey meat yield continues to indicate a modest increase. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2008 with an increase of 2.5% y-o-y. Over the period under review, the average turkey meat yield reached its peak figure level in 2018 and is likely to see steady growth in the immediate term.

Exports from the U.S.

In 2018, approx. 219K tonnes of turkey meat were exported from the U.S.; waning by -5.2% against the previous year. In general, after contracting in 2015, turkey meat exports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern over the last four years.

In value terms, turkey meat exports totaled $419M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

Mexico (110K tonnes) was the main destination for turkey meat exports from the U.S., accounting for a 50% share of total exports. Moreover, turkey meat exports to Mexico exceeded the volume sent to the second major destination, China (26K tonnes), fourfold. China, Hong Kong SAR (13K tonnes) ranked third in terms of total exports with a 5.7% share.

From 2007 to 2018, the average annual rate of growth in terms of volume to Mexico totaled -1.2%. Exports to the other major destinations recorded the following average annual rates of exports growth: China (+2.2% per year) and China, Hong Kong SAR (+5.9% per year).

Export Prices by Country

The average turkey meat export price stood at $1,911 per tonne in 2018, growing by 6% against the previous year. Over the period from 2007 to 2018, it increased at an average annual rate of +2.0%. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2015 when the average export price increased by 11% against the previous year. In that year, the average export prices for turkey meat reached their peak level of $2,194 per tonne. From 2016 to 2018, the growth in terms of the average export prices for turkey meat remained at a somewhat lower figure.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was China ($2,572 per tonne), while the average price for exports to Haiti ($784 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was recorded for supplies to China, while the prices for the other major destinations experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports into the U.S.

In 2018, the turkey meat imports into the U.S. totaled 8.5K tonnes, coming down by -21.4% against the previous year. In value terms, turkey meat imports totaled $27M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. In general, turkey meat imports remain insignificant against the overall market size, thanks to the well established domestic turkey meat industry.

Imports by Country

Canada (4.2K tonnes), Chile (3.5K tonnes) and Israel (643 tonnes) were the main suppliers of turkey meat imports to the U.S., together comprising 99% of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main suppliers, was attained by Chile, while the other leaders experienced mixed trend patterns.

Import Prices by Country

In 2018, the average turkey meat import price amounted to $3,233 per tonne, increasing by 20% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the turkey meat import price continues to indicate a resilient increase.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was Israel ($5,288 per tonne), while the price for Canada ($2,730 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Israel, while the prices for the other major suppliers experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform