New Articles

The EU Honey Market Slipped Back Slightly to $1.4B

honey

The EU Honey Market Slipped Back Slightly to $1.4B

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Honey – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2019, after two years of growth, there was significant decline in the EU honey market, when its value decreased by -6.1% to $1.4B. The market value increased at an average annual rate of +3.8% over the period from 2007 to 2019; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2008 with an increase of 17% y-o-y. Over the period under review, the market attained the peak level at $1.5B in 2018, and then declined in the following year.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of honey consumption in 2019 were Germany (69K tonnes), France (52K tonnes) and the UK (45K tonnes), with a combined 38% share of total consumption. These countries were followed by Spain, Poland, Italy, Greece, Romania, the Netherlands, Portugal, the Czech Republic and Croatia, which together accounted for a further 47%.

From 2007 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Croatia, while honey consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest honey markets in the European Union were Germany ($214M), France ($184M) and Greece ($133M), with a combined 37% share of the total market. These countries were followed by the UK, Italy, Spain, Romania, Poland, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Croatia and Portugal, which together accounted for a further 45%.

The countries with the highest levels of honey per capita consumption in 2019 were Croatia (2.59 kg per person), Greece (2.47 kg per person) and Romania (1.13 kg per person).

Market Forecast 2019-2030

Driven by increasing demand for honey in the European Union, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to retain its current trend pattern, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +1.8% for the period from 2019 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 533K tonnes by the end of 2030.

Production in the EU

For the third year in a row, the European Union recorded growth in production of honey, which increased by 3.1% to 257K tonnes in 2019. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.8% from 2007 to 2019; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations in certain years. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2015 with an increase of 22% year-to-year. The volume of production peaked in 2019 and is expected to retain growth in the near future.

In value terms, honey production shrank to $1.1B in 2019 estimated in export prices. The total output value increased at an average annual rate of +3.9% from 2007 to 2019; the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of honey production in 2019 were Spain (37K tonnes), Romania (31K tonnes) and Hungary (29K tonnes), with a combined 38% share of total production. These countries were followed by Poland, Greece, Germany, France, Bulgaria, Portugal, Croatia, Italy and the Czech Republic, which together accounted for a further 52%.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of honey production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Croatia, while honey production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Exports in the EU

Honey exports expanded to 165K tonnes in 2019, surging by 2.5% on 2018. Total exports indicated a measured increase from 2007 to 2019: its volume increased at an average annual rate of +4.1% over the last twelve years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2019 figures, exports decreased by -4.7% against 2017 indices. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2013 when exports increased by 20% against the previous year. The volume of export peaked at 173K tonnes in 2017; however, from 2018 to 2019, exports stood at a somewhat lower figure.

In value terms, honey exports shrank to $693M (IndexBox estimates) in 2019. Total exports indicated prominent growth from 2007 to 2019: its value increased at an average annual rate of +4.1% over the last twelve-year period.

Exports by Country

In 2019, Germany (26K tonnes), Spain (22K tonnes), Hungary (21K tonnes), Belgium (18K tonnes), Poland (17K tonnes), Bulgaria (12K tonnes) and Romania (11K tonnes) was the largest exporter of honey in the European Union, achieving 78% of total export. Portugal (6.5K tonnes), Italy (5K tonnes), France (4.9K tonnes), the UK (3.7K tonnes) and Denmark (3.3K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of shipments, amongst the leading exporting countries, was attained by Poland, while exports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest honey supplying countries in the European Union were Germany ($138M), Spain ($89M) and Hungary ($85M), together comprising 45% of total exports. These countries were followed by Belgium, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, France, the UK, Italy, Denmark and Portugal, which together accounted for a further 46%.

Export Prices by Country

In 2019, the honey export price in the European Union amounted to $4,192 per tonne, with a decrease of -7.8% against the previous year. Over the period from 2007 to 2019, it increased at an average annual rate of +2.0%. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2008 when the export price increased by 17% year-to-year. The level of export peaked at $4,844 per tonne in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2019, export prices failed to regain the momentum.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was the UK ($7,966 per tonne), while Portugal ($1,918 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by the UK, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports in the EU

In 2019, after two years of growth, there was decline in purchases abroad of honey, when their volume decreased by -1.2% to 345K tonnes. Total imports indicated notable growth from 2007 to 2019: its volume increased at an average annual rate of +3.8% over the last twelve-year period. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2013 with an increase of 13% year-to-year. The volume of import peaked at 349K tonnes in 2018, and then shrank in the following year.

In value terms, honey imports contracted to $994M (IndexBox estimates) in 2019. Total imports indicated a strong expansion from 2007 to 2019: its value increased at an average annual rate of +3.8% over the last twelve years.

Imports by Country

In 2019, Germany (75K tonnes), distantly followed by the UK (49K tonnes), France (39K tonnes), Poland (30K tonnes), Spain (27K tonnes), Belgium (25K tonnes), Italy (25K tonnes) and the Netherlands (17K tonnes) were the largest importers of honey, together achieving 83% of total imports.

From 2007 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Poland, while purchases for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest honey importing markets in the European Union were Germany ($228M), France ($138M) and the UK ($111M), with a combined 48% share of total imports. These countries were followed by Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Poland and Spain, which together accounted for a further 33%.

Import Prices by Country

The honey import price in the European Union stood at $2,879 per tonne in 2019, which is down by -9.3% against the previous year. Over the period from 2007 to 2019, it increased at an average annual rate of +1.6%. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2008 an increase of 27% year-to-year. The level of import peaked at $3,633 per tonne in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2019, import prices failed to regain the momentum.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was the Netherlands ($4,051 per tonne), while Poland ($2,084 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Germany, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

sheepskin

China’s Sheepskin and Lambskin Market Is Estimated at $1.9B

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘China – Sheepskin and Lambskin – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the sheepskin and lambskin market in China amounted to $1.9B in 2018, standing approx. at the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

Production in China

In 2018, the sheepskin and lambskin production in China totaled 544K tonnes, flattening at the previous year. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +3.0% from 2013 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being observed in certain years. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2016 with an increase of 4.6% year-to-year. Over the period under review, sheepskin and lambskin production reached its maximum volume in 2018 and is expected to retain its growth in the near future.

Producing Animals in China

The number of animals slaughtered for sheepskin and lambskin production in China stood at 142M heads in 2018, remaining stable against the previous year. This number increased at an average annual rate of +1.8% from 2013 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations being observed in certain years. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2014 when the number of producing animals increased by 4.6% against the previous year. Over the period under review, this number attained its maximum level at 144M heads in 2016; however, from 2017 to 2018, producing animals failed to regain its momentum.

Yield in China

Average yield of sheep or lamb skins (without wool) in China totaled 3,842 kg per 1000 heads in 2018, standing approx. at the previous year. The yield figure increased at an average annual rate of +1.2% over the period from 2013 to 2018. Sheepskin and lambskin yield peaked in 2018 and is expected to retain its growth in the near future.

Imports into China

In 2018, approx. 311K tonnes of sheep or lamb skins (without wool) were imported into China; jumping by 2.2% against the previous year. Over the period under review, sheepskin and lambskin imports attained their peak figure at 313K tonnes in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2018, imports failed to regain their momentum.

In value terms, sheepskin and lambskin imports totaled $406M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

In 2018, Australia (147K tonnes) constituted the largest supplier of sheepskin and lambskin to China, accounting for a 47% share of total imports. Moreover, sheepskin and lambskin imports from Australia exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest supplier, New Zealand (51K tonnes), threefold. The third position in this ranking was occupied by the UK (45K tonnes), with a 15% share.

From 2013 to 2018, the average annual growth rate of volume from Australia was relatively modest. The remaining supplying countries recorded the following average annual rates of imports growth: New Zealand (+6.1% per year) and the UK (-4.5% per year).

In value terms, Australia ($238M) constituted the largest supplier of sheepskin and lambskin to China, comprising 59% of total sheepskin and lambskin imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by New Zealand ($45M), with a 11% share of total imports. It was followed by the UK, with a 8.7% share.

From 2013 to 2018, the average annual rate of growth in terms of value from Australia totaled -4.1%. The remaining supplying countries recorded the following average annual rates of imports growth: New Zealand (-17.4% per year) and the UK (-22.5% per year).

Import Prices by Country

The average sheepskin and lambskin import price stood at $1,305 per tonne in 2018, jumping by 1.9% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the sheepskin and lambskin import price, however, continues to indicate a deep shrinkage. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2017 when the average import price increased by 5% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the average import prices for sheep or lamb skins (without wool) attained their peak figure at $2,230 per tonne in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2018, import prices remained at a lower figure.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was Australia ($1,613 per tonne), while the price for the UK ($781 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Australia, while the prices for the other major suppliers experienced a decline.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

polycarboxylic acid

Global Polycarboxylic Acid Market Rose 3.5% to $42.8B

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Polycarboxylic Acids – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The global polycarboxylic acid market revenue amounted to $42.8B in 2018, rising by 3.5% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Overall, the global polycarboxylic acid consumption peaked at $45.5B in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, consumption stood at a somewhat lower figure.

Global Polycarboxylic Acid Trade 2014-2018

In 2018, the global polycarboxylic acid exports amounted to 13M tonnes, surging by 9.1% against the previous year. The total export volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.1% from 2014 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2018 with an increase of 9.1% y-o-y. In that year, global polycarboxylic acid exports attained their peak and are likely to continue its growth in the immediate term.

In value terms, polycarboxylic acid exports totaled $15B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. Over the period under review, global polycarboxylic acid exports reached their peak figure at $16.1B in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, exports failed to regain their momentum.

Exports by Country

In 2018, South Korea (2.9M tonnes), distantly followed by China (1.5M tonnes), Taiwan (1.4M tonnes), Thailand (1M tonnes), Belgium (1M tonnes) and Mexico (0.7M tonnes) represented the key exporters of polycarboxylic acids, together making up 66% of total exports. The following exporters – Canada (494K tonnes), the Netherlands (493K tonnes), Poland (381K tonnes), India (361K tonnes), Spain (351K tonnes) and Germany (312K tonnes) – accounted for 19% of world exports.

From 2014 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by India, while exports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest polycarboxylic acid supplying countries worldwide were South Korea ($3B), China ($2.1B) and Taiwan, Chinese ($1.4B), with a combined 43% share of global exports. These countries were followed by Belgium, Thailand, the Netherlands, Mexico, Canada, Germany, Spain, India and Poland, which together accounted for a further 35%.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average polycarboxylic acid export price amounted to $1,165 per tonne, surging by 2.4% against the previous year.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Germany ($1,443 per tonne), while Mexico ($761 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2014 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by South Korea, while the other global leaders experienced a decline in the export price figures.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

cider

Global Cider, Perry, and Mead Market – South Africa Has Overtaken South Korea as the World’s Largest Exporter

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Cider, Perry, Mead And Other Fermented Beverages – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends And Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

South Africa has overtaken South Korea as the world’s largest exporter of cider, perry, mead and other fermented beverages. In 2018, shipments from each country amounted to approximately 108 million liters. South Korea has long been a world leader in cider exports, but its supply has been rapidly declining, and as a result, it has halved over the past five years. In contrast, South Africa, by offering products at the lowest prices, increased its shipments to other countries.

Global Trade of Cider, Perry, and Mead 2014-2018

In 2018, approx. 1.1B litres of cider, perry, mead and other fermented beverages were exported worldwide; coming down by -2.8% against the previous year. Over the period under review, cider, perry and mead exports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2017 when exports increased by 0.7% y-o-y. In that year, global cider, perry and mead exports reached their peak of 1.2B litres, and then declined slightly in the following year.

In value terms, cider, perry and mead exports stood at $1.5B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

The countries with the highest levels of cider, perry and mead exports in 2018 were South Africa (108M litres), South Korea (108M litres), Sweden (102M litres), Germany (76M litres), Ireland (73M litres), the UK (66M litres), Belgium (59M litres), the Netherlands (53M litres), France (44M litres), Italy (41M litres), Lithuania (37M litres) and Japan (36M litres), together accounting for 71% of total export.

From 2014 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by the UK, while exports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest cider, perry and mead supplying countries worldwide were Japan ($210M), Sweden ($134M) and Italy ($112M), with a combined 30% share of global exports.

Among the main exporting countries, Japan recorded the highest rates of growth with regard to the value of exports, over the period under review, while exports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average cider, perry and mead export price amounted to $1.3 per litre, growing by 7.8% against the previous year.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was Japan ($5.8 per litre), while South Africa ($0.6 per litre) was amongst the lowest.

From 2014 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Japan, while the other global leaders experienced mixed trends in the export price figures.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform

ethanol

Global Ethanol Market – the U.S. Emerged as the World’s Largest and Fastest-growing Supplier

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Ethyl Alcohol – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

Global Ethyl Alcohol Trade 2007-2018

In 2018, the amount of ethyl alcohol exported worldwide amounted to 17B litres, going up by 24% against the previous year. In general, the total exports indicated prominent growth from 2007 to 2018: its volume increased at an average annual rate of +7.9% over the last eleven-year period. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2018 figures, ethanol exports increased by +79.8% against 2014 indices. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2011 with an increase of 47% against the previous year. The global exports peaked in 2018 and are likely to see steady growth in the near future.

In value terms, ethanol exports stood at $8.7B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. In general, the total exports indicated a buoyant expansion from 2007 to 2018: its value increased at an average annual rate of +7.9% over the last eleven-year period. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2018 figures, ethanol exports increased by +21.6% against 2015 indices. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2011 with an increase of 60% year-to-year. In that year, global ethanol exports reached their peak of $9.7B. From 2012 to 2018, the growth of global ethanol exports failed to regain its momentum.

Exports by Country

The U.S. was the largest exporter of ethyl alcohol exported in the world, with the volume of exports finishing at 7.8B litres, which was approx. 45% of total exports in 2018. It was distantly followed by Brazil (1.6B litres), the Netherlands (1.2B litres), France (0.9B litres) and Pakistan (0.8B litres), together generating a 27% share of total exports. Hungary (550M litres), Belgium (535M litres), the UK (449M litres), Germany (432M litres) and South Africa (278M litres) held a relatively small share of total exports.

The U.S. was also the fastest-growing in terms of the ethyl alcohol exports, with a CAGR of +25.6% from 2007 to 2018. At the same time, Hungary (+22.6%), the Netherlands (+10.9%), Pakistan (+10.6%), Germany (+9.4%), Belgium (+7.6%), the UK (+7.4%), France (+6.7%) and South Africa (+3.9%) displayed positive paces of growth.

By contrast, Brazil (-4.0%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. The U.S. (+42 p.p.), the Netherlands (+4.9 p.p.), Pakistan (+3 p.p.), Hungary (+2.8 p.p.), France (+2.8 p.p.), Belgium (+1.7 p.p.) and Germany (+1.6 p.p.) significantly strengthened its position in terms of the global exports, while Brazil saw its share reduced by -5.3% from 2007 to 2018, respectively. The shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.

In value terms, the U.S. ($2.8B) remains the largest ethanol supplier worldwide, comprising 32% of global exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Brazil ($892M), with a 10% share of global exports. It was followed by the Netherlands, with a 9.4% share.

Imports by Country

In 2018, Brazil (2,270M litres), Canada (1,626M litres), Germany (1,321M litres), the U.S. (1,318M litres), the Netherlands (1,056M litres), Japan (875M litres), the UK (683M litres), India (571M litres), South Korea (422M litres), the Philippines (415M litres), the United Arab Emirates (383M litres) and France (271M litres) was the largest importer of ethyl alcohol imported in the world, committing 74% of total import.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by Brazil, while imports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Germany ($832M), Brazil ($777M) and the U.S. ($705M) constituted the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2018, with a combined 28% share of global imports. The Netherlands, Canada, Japan, the UK, India, the Philippines, South Korea, France and the United Arab Emirates lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 40%.

The Philippines recorded the highest growth rate of the value of imports, in terms of the main importing countries over the period under review, while imports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Import Prices by Country

The average ethanol import price stood at $0.5 per litre in 2018, waning by -13.1% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the ethanol import price continues to indicate a mild contraction. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2011 when the average import price increased by 19% y-o-y. The global import price peaked at $0.8 per litre in 2012; however, from 2013 to 2018, import prices remained at a lower figure.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was France ($0.7 per litre), while Brazil ($0.3 per litre) was amongst the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by the Philippines, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform