Sustainable Businesses Can Unlock $5 Trillion in New Market Value in Asia by 2030
Business leaders and entrepreneurs can unlock new market opportunities worth $5 trillion and generate 230 million jobs in Asia by 2030 through sustainable business models, according to Better Business, Better World Asia, a new report released by the Business & Sustainable Development Commission (BSDC).
Better Business, Better World Asia is part of a series of reports, first launched in January 2017, which make the business case for the Sustainable Development Goals, or Global Goals—17 objectives to eliminate poverty, improve education and health outcomes, create better jobs and tackle our key environmental challenges by 2030.
The research shows that, instead of being a constraint to growth, companies pursuing strategies aligned with the Global Goals could open economic opportunities across 60 hot spots worth up to $12 trillion and increase employment by up to 380 million jobs globally by 2030. Asia represents 40 percent of the global value, and nearly two-thirds of total jobs.
The report breaks down the estimated $5 trillion of economic value across four key systems: food and agriculture—$1 trillion; cities—$1.5 trillion; energy and minerals—$1.9 trillion; and health and well-being—$670 billion. Of the total value for Asia, around $2.3 trillion could be found in China alone, $1.1 trillion in India, $1.1 trillion in developing and emerging Asia, and $0.7 trillion in developed Asia, which include Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and South Korea.
“Asia’s economic transformation in recent decades is unprecedented, thanks to smart government intervention and business innovation, but the Asian Century is threatened by persistent inequality, environmental collapse and unabated climate change,” said Mark Malloch-Brown, chair of the Business & Sustainable Development Commission. “The same ingenuity that catalyzed Asia’s rise can also turn these challenges into opportunities that rewards both business and society. Better Business, Better World Asia shows that the continent already has the means to do so—it needs only the will to realize this $5 trillion opportunity.”
The estimated value of $5 trillion is conservative, according to the report. Additional value could be released from other sectors, including information communication technologies (ICT), education, and consumer goods. Globally, these sectors could add a further 66 percent to the global value of $12 trillion. Pricing in environmental costs such as climate change could increase the real size of the prize by a further 40 percent. And making progress on the single global goal of gender equality in countries in Asia where women are not strongly engaged in the economy is likely to add an additional 30 percent to the economic growth of these countries.
“With the locus of global influence shifting East and South and with 40 percent of a $12 trillion prize at stake, the opportunities for businesses serving consumers in Asia are obvious,” said Paul Polman, CEO of Unilever and member of the Business Commission. “Strategies that sustainably meet the demands of the growing middle-class in the region, while at the same time tackling urgent environmental and social challenges will ultimately be successful in unlocking market value. Aligning these strategies with the Global Goals is not just good for society and the environment, but makes strategic business sense.”
The 20 largest opportunities identified in the report account for more than 70 percent of this prize; they also vary across countries. In China and the rest of developing and emerging Asia, affordable housing presents the largest business opportunity, reflecting a large unmet need. In India, where much of the population is not covered by health insurance, risk pooling in healthcare presents the biggest opportunity. In developed Asia, creating closed-loop systems in automotive and appliances presents the biggest opportunities, due in part to the manufacturing power of Japan and South Korea. Reducing food waste in food supply chains, worth $260 million, is the largest single opportunity in food and agriculture; while low-income food markets comes in second, with a value of $190 billion.
“Feeding Asia has become an urgent priority, with its current 4.4 billion and still-growing population. Sustainable agriculture at scale has never been more crucial, even as farming participation continues to fall in Asia,” said Sunny Verghese, Co-Founder and Group CEO of Olam International, and a commissioner. “We believe that businesses have a critical role to play in ensuring agriculture remains viable by partnering with smallholders who constitute the majority of Asian farmers to enable them to help feed the world sustainably.”
According to the report 230 million jobs that could be generated through SDGs-aligned business models in Asia, However, these jobs created will only meet Global Goals targets if they provide decent work which create sufficient reward and development opportunities for workers.
An estimated $1.7 trillion is needed annually to develop all the opportunities across the four systems in Asia. Blended financing—where public and philanthropic bodies take on the high risk and more policy-sensitive tranches of investment—can fill the funding gap and help bring in private investors at lower risk.
While the business case for achieving the Global Goals is strong worldwide, Asia is particularly well placed to reap the collective benefits, according to the reportr. It has capable businesses with value chains involving millions of enterprises, as well as governments willing and able to shape market activity and investment to achieve broad nation-building goals. In addition, many Asian cultures value protecting the environment, avoiding waste, and promoting social justice and education.