Portugal and Italy Remain the Largest Carob Markets Worldwide - Global Trade Magazine
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  January 29th, 2020 | Written by

Portugal and Italy Remain the Largest Carob Markets Worldwide

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  • The average carob import price stood at $844 per tonne in 2018, going up by 15% against the previous year.
  • From 2012 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Spain.
  • The global carob market revenue amounted to $111M in 2018.

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Carob – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The global carob market revenue amounted to $111M in 2018. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Overall, carob consumption, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. Over the period under review, the global carob market reached its maximum level at $116M in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, consumption failed to regain its momentum.

Consumption By Country

The countries with the highest volumes of carob consumption in 2018 were Portugal (38K tonnes), Italy (34K tonnes) and Turkey (14K tonnes), with a combined 60% share of global consumption.

From 2012 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of carob consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Portugal, while carob consumption for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Italy ($34M) led the market, alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Spain ($14M). It was followed by Portugal.

The countries with the highest levels of carob per capita consumption in 2018 were Portugal (3,679 kg per 1000 persons), Cyprus (2,688 kg per 1000 persons) and Greece (1,121 kg per 1000 persons).

Market Forecast 2019-2025

Driven by increasing demand for carob, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next seven-year period. Market performance is forecast to retain its current trend pattern, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +0.8% for the seven-year period from 2018 to 2025, which is projected to bring the market volume to 152K tonnes by the end of 2025.

Production 2007-2018

In 2018, the global carob production stood at 165K tonnes, increasing by 1.8% against the previous year. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.7% over the period from 2012 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations over the period under review. In 2014, global carob production attained its peak volume of 191K tonnes, thanks to the high yields in Portugal, which remains major carob producer. From 2015 to 2018, global carob production growth, however, remained at a somewhat lower figure. The general positive trend in terms of carob output was largely conditioned by a modest expansion of the harvested area and a temperate increase in yield figures.

Production By Country

The countries with the highest volumes of carob production in 2018 were Portugal (43K tonnes), Italy (29K tonnes) and Spain (23K tonnes), together accounting for 58% of global production. Morocco, Turkey, Greece and Algeria lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 35%.

Harvested Area 2007-2018

In 2018, approx. 42K ha of carob were harvested worldwide; therefore, remained relatively stable against the previous year. In general, the carob harvested area, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2017 with an increase of 1.6% against the previous year. The global carob harvested area peaked at 43K ha in 2012; however, from 2013 to 2018, harvested area stood at a somewhat lower figure.

Yield 2007-2018

In 2018, the global average carob yield stood at 4 tonne per ha, jumping by 1.5% against the previous year. The yield figure increased at an average annual rate of +2.1% over the period from 2012 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations being observed in certain years.

Exports 2007-2018

In 2018, the amount of carob exported worldwide totaled 56K tonnes, picking up by 11% against the previous year. The total export volume increased at an average annual rate of +5.9% from 2012 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded in certain years. The global exports peaked in 2018 and are expected to retain its growth in the near future. In value terms, carob exports amounted to $27M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by Country

In 2018, Morocco (20K tonnes) and Spain (15K tonnes) represented the main exporters of carob in the world, together amounting to near 63% of total exports. It was distantly followed by Algeria (7,538 tonnes) and Portugal (5,452 tonnes), together comprising a 23% share of total exports. Cyprus (2,348 tonnes), Turkey (1,487 tonnes) and Italy (1,121 tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2012 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by Morocco, while exports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Morocco ($6.7M), Spain ($6.2M) and Algeria ($4.4M) appeared to be the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2018, together accounting for 65% of global exports.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the average carob export price amounted to $474 per tonne, waning by -3.6% against the previous year. In general, the carob export price, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. Over the period under review, the average export prices for carob attained their maximum at $572 per tonne in 2016; however, from 2017 to 2018, export prices stood at a somewhat lower figure.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was Italy ($1,126 per tonne), while Morocco ($332 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2012 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Italy, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports 2007-2018

In 2018, the amount of carob imported worldwide totaled 34K tonnes, picking up by 3.4% against the previous year. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.4% over the period from 2012 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded over the period under review. In value terms, carob imports amounted to $29M (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Imports by Country

In 2018, Italy (6.5K tonnes), distantly followed by Switzerland (3,758 tonnes), Thailand (3,343 tonnes), Egypt (2,530 tonnes), Belgium (2,349 tonnes), Spain (2,018 tonnes), France (1,909 tonnes), the U.S. (1,837 tonnes), the Czech Republic (1,608 tonnes) and Germany (1,556 tonnes) were the main importers of carob, together comprising 80% of total imports.

From 2012 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, amongst the main importing countries, was attained by the U.S., while imports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Switzerland ($9.9M) constitutes the largest market for imported carob worldwide, comprising 34% of global imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Spain ($3.9M), with a 14% share of global imports. It was followed by Italy, with a 9.7% share.

Import Prices by Country

The average carob import price stood at $844 per tonne in 2018, going up by 15% against the previous year. Over the period from 2012 to 2018, it increased at an average annual rate of +2.7%.  The global import price peaked in 2018 and is likely to see steady growth in the immediate term.

There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major importing countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Switzerland ($2,644 per tonne), while France ($357 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2012 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Spain, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform