Overview of the Onion And Shallot Market in Asia-Pacific - Global Trade Magazine
  April 20th, 2020 | Written by

Overview of the Onion And Shallot Market in Asia-Pacific

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  • In 2018, the onion and shallot export price in Asia-Pacific amounted to $371 per tonne, going down by -1.5%.
  • The revenue of the onion and shallot market in Asia-Pacific amounted to $24.6B in 2018, increasing by 3.9%.

IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘Asia-Pacific – Onion And Shallots – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

The revenue of the onion and shallot market in Asia-Pacific amounted to $24.6B in 2018, increasing by 3.9% against the previous year. Driven by increasing demand for onion and shallot in Asia-Pacific, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to retain its current trend pattern, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +2.3% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 77M tonnes by the end of 2030.

Consumption by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of onion and shallot consumption in 2018 were China (25M tonnes), India (20M tonnes) and Pakistan (2.1M tonnes), together comprising 80% of total consumption. South Korea, Bangladesh, Japan, Indonesia and Myanmar lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 15%.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of onion and shallot consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Bangladesh, while onion and shallot consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, China ($13.7B) led the market, alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by India ($5.4B). It was followed by Indonesia.

In 2018, the highest levels of onion and shallot per capita consumption was registered in South Korea (40 kg per person), followed by Myanmar (18 kg per person), China (17 kg per person) and Japan (15 kg per person), while the world average per capita consumption of onion and shallot was estimated at 14 kg per person.

Production in Asia-Pacific

In 2018, the amount of onions and shallots produced in Asia-Pacific totaled 60M tonnes, approximately mirroring the previous year. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +2.5% from 2013 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with only minor fluctuations being observed over the period under review. The general positive trend in terms of onion and shallot output was largely conditioned by a moderate expansion of the harvested area and a relatively flat trend pattern in yield figures.

In 2018, the onion and shallot harvested area amounted to 3.3M ha, while the average yield stood at 18 tonne per ha.

Production by Country

The countries with the highest volumes of onion and shallot production in 2018 were China (26M tonnes), India (22M tonnes) and Pakistan (2.1M tonnes), with a combined 84% share of total production. These countries were followed by South Korea, Bangladesh, Japan and Indonesia, which together accounted for a further 12%.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of onion and shallot production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Bangladesh, while onion and shallot production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Exports in Asia-Pacific

In 2018, the exports of onions and shallots in Asia-Pacific amounted to 3M tonnes, approximately equating the previous year.

In value terms, onion and shallot exports totaled $1.1B (IndexBox estimates).

Exports by Country

India represented the largest exporter of onions and shallots in Asia-Pacific, with the volume of exports resulting at 1.7M tonnes, which was near 55% of total exports in 2018. It was distantly followed by China (968K tonnes), creating a 32% share of total exports. New Zealand (134K tonnes), Pakistan (64K tonnes) and Afghanistan (62K tonnes) occupied a minor share of total exports.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, amongst the main exporting countries, was attained by China, while exports for the other leaders experienced mixed trends in the exports figures.

In value terms, China ($564M), India ($420M) and New Zealand ($62M) were the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2018, together comprising 93% of total exports.

Export Prices by Country

In 2018, the onion and shallot export price in Asia-Pacific amounted to $371 per tonne, going down by -1.5% against the previous year. Overall, the onion and shallot export price continues to indicate a measured deduction. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2015 an increase of 41% against the previous year. In that year, the export prices for onions and shallots attained their peak level of $450 per tonne. From 2016 to 2018, the growth in terms of the export prices for onions and shallots failed to regain its momentum.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of origin; the country with the highest price was China ($583 per tonne), while Afghanistan ($167 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by China, while the other leaders experienced mixed trends in the export price figures.

Source: IndexBox AI Platform