India Clashes with China in the Global Ginger Export Market
IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Ginger – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.
In the wake of the pandemic, the ginger market has accelerated its growth as demand for foods with a reputation for immunity system health has soared to unprecedented heights. India, which almost tripled its export of ginger in 2020, may become a serious competitor to the main global supplier – China. The majority of the developed countries have increased the volume of imports, which, in the context of Covid restrictions and a shortage of container traffic, has led to an increase in prices for the product.
Key Trends and Insights
The pandemic contributed to the growth of the global ginger market of 2020 by 7.6% y-o-y to 4.5M tonnes. The increased focus on foods with a reputation for benefits to the immune system during the Covid-19 epidemic, as well as the rise in the popularity of Asian foodstuffs and condiments in Western countries, have been the main drivers for the increased demand for ginger.
China, with a volume of supplies of 578K tonnes, traditionally remains the world’s largest exporter of ginger, but in 2020 the country met swiftly growing competition from India, which tripled its exports to 102K tonnes. India is a leader in the production of ginger with a 45% share of the world output, which gives it every chance to seriously press China and other countries in the export market.
Ginger imports to Europe are growing rapidly amid the pandemic. In 2020, 197K tonnes were imported to the region, which is 13% more than the previous year. The leading European importer is the Netherlands, which accounts for 40% of total imports to the former European Union, with the volume of 79K tonnes, followed by the UK (15% or 29K tonnes) and Germany (14% or 28K tonnes). China remains the largest supplier to European countries, but due to the high EU requirements for quality, suppliers of organic ginger from Peru and Brazil are gaining an increasing share of this market.
The lack of containers and the high cost of shipping ginger in the global market remain key challenges at the moment. The rise in logistics costs led to an increase in the average world import price from $1.2 per kg in 2019 to $1.5 per kg in 2020. Additionally, the structure of the international supply of the product has changed – the volume of exported fresh ginger has slightly decreased, while the amount of dried and frozen ginger has grown.
Increased demand for ginger from a growing population should act as the main driver for the market, which is expected to reach 6.6M tonnes by 2030. Soft drinks and syrups containing ginger have become increasingly popular, which should further stimulate market growth.
Global Ginger Consumption
The global ginger market surged to $7.3B in 2020, with an increase of 19% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Over the period under review, the total consumption indicated a buoyant increase from 2012 to 2020: its value increased at an average annual rate of +7.3% over the last eight years.
India (1.9M tonnes) remains the largest ginger-consuming country worldwide, accounting for 43% of total volume. Moreover, ginger consumption in India exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest consumer, Nigeria (762K tonnes), threefold. The third position in this ranking was occupied by Nepal (307K tonnes), with a 6.9% share.
In India, ginger consumption expanded at an average annual rate of +11.9% over the period from 2012-2020. The remaining consuming countries recorded the following average annual rates of consumption growth: Nigeria (+9.4% per year) and Nepal (+2.9% per year).
In value terms, India ($3.4B) led the market, alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Nigeria ($1.4B). It was followed by Indonesia.
Global Ginger Exports
In 2020, global ginger exports rose notably to 918K tonnes, with an increase of 11% against the year before. In general, total exports indicated resilient growth from 2012 to 2020: its volume increased at an average annual rate of +7.1% over the last eight-year period. In value terms, ginger exports skyrocketed to $1.3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2020.
China was the largest exporter of ginger in the world, with the volume of exports amounting to 578K tonnes, which was near 63% of total exports in 2020. It was distantly followed by India (102K tonnes), the Netherlands (62K tonnes) and Thailand (48K tonnes), together making up a 23% share of total exports. Brazil (32K tonnes), Peru (26K tonnes) and Nigeria (18K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.
In value terms, China ($719M) remains the largest ginger supplier worldwide, comprising 56% of global exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by the Netherlands ($156M), with a 12% share of global exports. It was followed by India, with a 7.5% share.
Source: IndexBox Platform