European Pork Production is Supported by Strong Demand from China
IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘EU – Pork (Meat Of Swine) – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.
Despite the decline in pork consumption in the EU and the UK, domestic producers may receive support due to growing demand from China.
The European Union and the UK together are the largest pork supplier to the global market, and the second-largest consumer in the world, only China is ahead. On the contrary, producers in China are facing serious problems due to the forced reduction in animal numbers in the wake of the African swine fever epidemic.
According to FAO forecasts, pork production in China may fall to 34 million tonnes in 2020, which is almost 17 percent lower than in 2018. The shortage of products in the local market is offset by growing supplies, mainly from Europe and Latin America, in particular Brazil. The United States, the world’s second-largest pork exporter, is losing the Chinese market as a result of a protracted trade war with Beijing, which imposed a 72 percent tariff on US pork in 2019.
In 2020, Europeans can enjoy not only an increase in supplies to China but also rising world prices for pork. This is especially important when the borders for export to Russia are closed due to mutual sanctions. After four years, this market can be considered lost for the Europeans due to the rapidly growing production of Russian farmers.
Pork Production in the EU and the UK
In 2019, pork production in the European Union reached 24M tonnes and is likely to see steady growth in years to come. The countries with the highest volumes of pork production in 2019 were Germany (5.4M tonnes), Spain (4.6M tonnes), and France (2.2M tonnes), with a combined 53% share of total production.
From 2009 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Spain, while pork production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
In 2019, approx. 245M heads of animals slaughtered for pork production in the European Union; a decrease of 2% on 2018 figures. Overall, the number of producing animals continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2015 when the number of producing animals increased by 2% year-to-year.
In 2019, the average yield of pork in the European Union amounted to 93 kg per head, approximately mirroring the year before. Over the period under review, the yield continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2015 with an increase of 1.8% year-to-year. The level of yield peaked in 2019 and is expected to retain growth in the immediate term.
Consumption by Country
The countries with the highest volumes of pork consumption in 2019 were Germany (4.5M tonnes), Spain (3M tonnes), and Poland (2.4M tonnes), with a combined 47% share of total consumption.
From 2009 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Spain, while pork consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
In value terms, Germany ($12.5B), Spain ($8.9B), and Italy ($5.5B) were the countries with the highest levels of market value in 2019, together comprising 50% of the total market.
The countries with the highest levels of pork per capita consumption in 2019 were Denmark (115 kg per person), Spain (65 kg per person) and Poland (62 kg per person).
Exports in the EU and the UK
In value terms, pork exports rose markedly to $20.7B (IndexBox estimates) in 2019. The total export value increased at an average annual rate of +2.5% from 2009 to 2019. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2011 with an increase of 19% y-o-y. Over the period under review, exports reached the peak figure at $21.2B in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2019, exports failed to regain the momentum despite the recent increase in shipments to China.
Exports by Country
Germany (1.8M tonnes) and Spain (1.7M tonnes) were the main exporters of pork in 2019, recording near 23% and 22% of total exports, respectively. Denmark (958K tonnes) ranks next in terms of the total exports with a 12% share, followed by the Netherlands (12%), Belgium (8.5%) and Poland (5.7%). France (351K tonnes) occupied a little share of total exports.
From 2009 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Poland, while shipments for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
In value terms, Spain ($5.1B), Germany ($5B) and Denmark ($2.7B) were the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2019, together accounting for 62% of total exports. These countries were followed by the Netherlands, Belgium, Poland and France, which together accounted for a further 27%.
In terms of the main exporting countries, Poland saw the highest growth rate of the value of exports, over the period under review, while shipments for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
Export Prices by Country
The pork export price in the European Union stood at $2,641 per tonne in 2019, picking up by 9.2% against the previous year.
Average prices varied somewhat amongst the major exporting countries. In 2019, the countries with the highest prices were Spain ($2,978 per tonne) and Germany ($2,800 per tonne), while Poland ($2,146 per tonne) and Belgium ($2,186 per tonne) were amongst the lowest.
From 2009 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Spain, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
Source: IndexBox AI Platform