EU-China Trade Deal Would Boost Combined GDP by $200 Billion by 2030
The potential benefits for European jobs and growth of an EU-China Free Trade Agreement (FTA) are underestimated, according to a study presented today during the EU-China Partnership Conference organized by the Foreign Trade Association.
The study revealed that an EU-China trade deal would increase by $200 billion the combined GDP of the EU and China by 2030, the equivalent to the GDP of Czech Republic. According to the study, a potential EU-China trade deal would impact positively the economic growth of both partners: 1.87 percent for China and 0.76 percent for the EU.
“The possible benefits in terms of growth and employment from a free trade agreement between Europe and China are substantial,” said Christian Ewert, the Foreign Trade Association’s director general. “The study will serve as an excellent tool to initiate a broader discussion about the future EU-China trade relations. A deep and comprehensive free trade agreement is good for the EU and good for China.”
The study also showed that EU exports to China, within the framework of a bilateral deal, would maintain more than 2.5 million jobs in Europe, including 1.1 million in Germany alone and another 1.1 million in France, Italy, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom combined. It would also boost crucial European sectors exporting to China such as machinery, the automotive, and electrical machinery, which currently face steep tariffs.
The study also notes that a free trade deal could only succeed when China implements reforms, including on state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and opening of public procurement. China’s closed public procurement market is a major frustration for EU business interested in the Chinese market. By contrast, Chinese companies routinely obtain public contracts in the EU. A comprehensive and deep trade deal is a perfect fit for today’s China, combining reforms and openness, while the EU can finally pursue the “logical sequel” in its trade policy with a dynamic East Asia, the study said.