Coffee Prices Jump to Seven-Year Highs Due to Brazilian Frosts
IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Coffee (Green) – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights’. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.
Global prices for coffee have skyrocketed to a seven-year high, driven by fears of a significant reduction in production in Brazil due to freezes and the depletion of global stocks. Further growth in prices for the product will be stimulated by the reduction in production in other leading supplying countries such as Honduras and Indonesia, coupled with increased freight costs. A decrease in coffee production will lead to a fall in global exports by -4% y-o-y, which could lead to local imbalances in supply and demand and drive up consumer prices in key European and American markets.
Key Trends and Insights
Due to an expected reduction in coffee stocks following the fall of production in Brazil, prices on the global coffee market have skyrocketed in the middle of the current year. Futures in Arabica on the ICE exchange in July 2021 exceeded $2 per pound for the first time in seven years.
Abnormal freezes in the Brazilian states of São-Paolo, Paraná, and Minas Gerais in July this year damaged more than 200K hectares and will affect plantation yields. As a result, coffee production according to USDA estimates may decline by -30% y-o-y to 2.2M tonnes by the end of 2021. Labor shortages related to the pandemic, logistical difficulties and the rise of freight costs are further deterring supply and stimulating the price increases.
Brazil remains the leading supplier of green coffee with 29.3% of global exports. Following that is Vietnam (17.2%), Colombia (10.3%), Honduras (5.2%) and Indonesia (3.4%). Global coffee exports will fall by -4% y-o-y to 16.6M tonnes in 2021 owing primarily to the reduction in supplies from Brazil.
According to IndexBox estimates, based on USDA data, the production of Arabica coffee in Vietnam will rise by +15% y-o-y in the current year and the production of Robusta will contract by -2% y-o-y. In Colombia, coffee production will maintain its 2020 levels. Production in Honduras and Indonesia is expected to decline by -12% y-o-y and –2% y-o-y respectively. The expected drop in global coffee production by -6% y-o-y to 9.8M tonnes amidst an increase in demand by +1% y-o-y this year will lead to a reduction in world stocks and further increases in price.
The import of green coffee into the EU should fall by -5% y-o-y up to 2.9M tonnes due to the decrease in crop fields in the primary supplier countries of Brazil and Honduras. In the U.S. a less severe drop in imports is expected – by -1% y-o-y to 4.2M tonnes since a significant part of coffee beans comes from countries with stable crop yields during the current year, such as Vietnam and Colombia. A reduction in coffee stocks can lead to imbalances of supply and demand that will threaten the growth of consumer prices for the drink in retail and food services.
Global Coffee Production
In 2020, approx. 10M tonnes of coffee (green) were produced worldwide; surging by 1.8% compared with the previous year. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of +1.3% over the period from 2012 to 2020. In value terms, green coffee production rose markedly to $27.7B in 2020 estimated in export prices.
The countries with the highest volumes of green coffee production in 2020 were Brazil (3.1M tonnes), Viet Nam (1.7M tonnes) and Colombia (897K tonnes), with a combined 55% share of global production. These countries were followed by Indonesia, Ethiopia, Honduras, Peru, India, Uganda, Guatemala, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Nicaragua and Mexico, which together accounted for a further 33%.
Coffee Exports by Country
After two years of growth, overseas shipments of coffee (green) decreased by -6.5% to 6.8M tonnes in 2020. In value terms, green coffee exports fell to $17.3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2020.
In 2020, Brazil (2.4M tonnes) was the largest exporter of coffee (green), mixing up 35% of total exports. It was distantly followed by Viet Nam (1,208K tonnes), Colombia (599K tonnes) and Indonesia (376K tonnes), together committing a 32% share of total exports. The following exporters – Honduras (305K tonnes), Germany (210K tonnes), India (206K tonnes), Uganda (205K tonnes), Guatemala (190K tonnes), Ethiopia (175K tonnes), Peru (172K tonnes) and Nicaragua (128K tonnes) – together made up 23% of total exports.
In value terms, Brazil ($5B) remains the largest green coffee supplier worldwide, comprising 29% of global exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Colombia ($2.4B), with a 14% share of global exports. It was followed by Viet Nam, with a 11% share.
In 2020, the average green coffee export price amounted to $2,531 per tonne, increasing by 4% against the previous year. From 2012 to 2020, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Peru, while the other global leaders experienced a decline in the export price figures.
Source: IndexBox Platform
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